Angelina of Serbia

Summary

Venerable Mother Angelina, Despotess of Serbia
Sv. Angelina, freska u manastiru Krušedol.jpg
Fresco in Krušedol depicting Angelina
Saint, Venerable
Born15th century
Berat (present day Albania)
DiedBeginning of the 16th century
Krušedol Monastery (present day Serbia)
Venerated inSerbian Orthodox Church
Major shrineKrušedol Monastery
FeastJuly 30 or December 10

Angelina Branković (Serbian Cyrillic: Ангелина Бранковић; Albanian: Angjelina Arianiti ca. 1440–1520), née Arianiti, was the despotess consort of Serbian Despot Stefan Branković (r. 1458—1459), and a daughter of Albanian nobleman Gjergj Arianiti. For her pious life she was proclaimed a saint and venerated as such by the Serbian Orthodox Church as Venerable Mother Angelina (Serbian: Преподобна мати Ангелина/Prepodobna mati Angelina[a]).

Life

Eastern Orthodox icon (from the 17th century) representing Angelina and her familly

Angelina was the sixth daughter of Albanian nobleman Gjergj Arianiti (1383–1462).[1][2][3] In 1460, she married exiled Serbian ruler Stefan Branković (r. 1458–59), son of the former Serbian Despot Đurađ Branković (r. 1427—1456).[4] They met when Stefan came to northern Albania, to visit Albanian prince Skanderbeg, who was married to Angelina′s sister Donika.[5]

The couple left Albania for northern Italy, and acquired castle Belgrado in the region of Friuli.[5] Stefan died in 1476, at family estate in Belgrado. At first, Angelina and their children remained in northern Italy. In 1479, emperor Friedrich III granted them castle Weitensfeld, and Angelina with her children moved to Carinthia.[6]

In 1485, their cousin, titular Serbian Despot Vuk Branković died, and Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus invited Angelina′s sons to take over their dynastic inheritance.[7] Angelina and her family went to the Kingdom of Hungary, where her elder son, George, became new titular despot of the Serbian Despotate (1486). The territory of the Despotate had been under the Ottoman Empire since its collapse in 1459. Later Angelina retired in the Krušedol Monastery, in the Fruška Gora mountain of Syrmia, where she died in the beginning of the 16th century.[5]

Marriage and children

Angelina and Stefan were married from 1461 until his death in 1476. They had children:

Sainthood

She is venerated as a saint by the Serbian Orthodox Church as Venerable Mother Angelina and her feast day is July 30, while she is also venerated on December 10, together with her husband, St. Stephen, and her son, St. John.[8]>[5] She wrote a hagiography known as Hagiography of Mother Angelina (Serbian: Житије мајке Ангелине/Žitije majke Angeline).

Annotations

  1. ^
    Her name in Serbian was Angelina Branković (Serbian: Ангелина Бранковић/Angelina Branković), née Arianit Komneni. She is also known as simply Despotess Angelina (Serbian: деспотица Ангелина/Despotica Angelina). The Serbian Orthodox Church and Serbian epic poetry calls her Venerable Mother Angelina (Serbian: Преподобна мати Ангелина/Predobra mati Angelina), or simply Mother Angelina or Saint Angelina (Serbian: Света Ангелина/Sveta Angelina, Albanian: Shën Angjelina).

See also

References

  1. ^ Musachi, John (1515). "1515 John Musachi: Brief Chronicle on the Descendants of our Musachi Dynasty". Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  2. ^ Elsie, Robert (2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B.Tauris. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3.
  3. ^ Nadin Bassani, Lucia (2008). Migrazioni e integrazione: il caso degli Albanesi a Venezia (1479-1552) (in Italian). Bulzoni. p. 72. ISBN 8878703400.
  4. ^ Jireček 1918, p. 244.
  5. ^ a b c d Elsie, Robert (2000). A dictionary of Albanian religion, mythology and folk culture. New York University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-8147-2214-8.
  6. ^ Jireček 1918, p. 245.
  7. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 116.
  8. ^ St. Angelina of Serbia

Sources

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Jireček, Constantin (1918). Geschichte der Serben. 2. Gotha: Perthes.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Further reading

  • Božanić, Snežana (2016). "Srpski velikaši u političkim previranjima oko izbora Vladislava II za kralja Ugarske". Истраживањ. 24: 151–165.
  • Gapska, Dominika (2013). "Angelina Branković: święta władczyni w hymnografii. Zarys problemu". Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne (in Polish). Poznań. 5: 103–115.
  • Krstić, Đorđe (1896). Мати Ангелина [Mother Angelina] (in Serbian). Čurug.
  • Matić, V. (1978). "Crkva Majke Angeline u Krusedolu" [L'église de la" Mère Angelina" à Krusedol]. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Mileusnić, Slobodan (2000) [1989]. Sveti Srbi [Holy Serbs] (in Serbian) (2nd ed.). Novi Sad: Prometej. ISBN 86-7639-478-4. OCLC 44601641.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Spremić, Momčilo (2004). La famille serbe des Brankovic - considérations généalogiques et héraldiques (PDF). Zbornik radova Vizantološkog instituta (in French). 41. Belgrade: SANU. pp. 441–452. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-17.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Tomin, Svetlana (2007), Деспотица и монахиња Ангелина Бранковић – света мајка Ангелина [Duchess and Nun Angelina Brankovic - Holy Mother Angelina], Novi Sad