Anna M. Rosenberg
Rosenberg in 1951
Anna Marie Lederer
June 19, 1902
|Died||May 9, 1983 (aged 80)|
|Occupation||Assistant Secretary of Defense|
(m. 1919; div. 1962)
Paul G. Hoffman
Anna Marie Rosenberg (née Lederer; June 19, 1902 – May 9, 1983), later Anna Rosenberg Hoffman, was an American public official and businesswoman.
Anna Lederer was born on June 19, 1902, in Budapest, the child of Albert Lederer and Charlotte Bacskai. She had at least one sibling, a sister Clare Lederer von Arnold. In 1912, she immigrated with her family to the United States. She went to school at Wadleigh High School.
In 1934, Nathan Straus, regional director for the National Recovery Act, made her assistant. In 1936, she succeeded him as regional director. In 1937, she became regional director of the Social Security Board through 1943.
In 1941, she served in the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services through 1942. In 1942, she served as regional director of the War Manpower Commission through 1945. Concurrently, 1941–1945, she consulted to the Retraining and Reemployment Administration. In 1944, when U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sent her to Europe to report on the needs of American soldiers after their demobilization, she recommended education and supported the G.I. Bill of Rights.
After the war, she ran a consulting business, with customers that included large businesses and public figures.
In late 1950, she was nominated for Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Personnel. Joseph McCarthy and his staff launched an all-out campaign to oppose her nomination due to alleged connections to the Communist Party, but she was recommended by the Senate Armed Services Committee. In spite of opposition, in November 1950 she was named Assistant Secretary of Defense, a post she held until January 1953. She helped develop plans for universal military service and training while in office.
In 1955, New York City Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. selected her to serve on the New York City Board of Hospitals. She also served on New York State Governor Averell Harriman's Business Advisory Council and co-chaired the National Hearth Committee. In 1959, she chaired a three-member panel to mediate between the New York Transit Authority and two unions.
Personal and death
In 1919, Lederer she became a naturalized US citizen and married Julius Rosenberg, a Jewish American member of the upper class. They had at least one son, Thomas. She worked with various foundations, including the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation and the John Hay Whitney Foundation. In 1962, the Rosenbergs divorced and Lederer married Paul G. Hoffman, the first administrator of the Marshall Plan and a top United Nations official. She died age 81 on May 9, 1983 in Manhattan.
- 1934 General Hugh S. Johnson State Director NRA Medal
- 1945: Medal of Freedom (details unclear)
- 1947: Medal for Merit (Mary Shotwell Ingraham and Elmira Bears Wickenden.
- ????: Honorary Doctorate from Tufts University
- ????: Honorary Doctorate from Columbia University
- Pace, Eric (10 May 1983). "Anna Rosenberg Hoffman Dead; Consultant and 50's Defense Aide". New York Times. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- New York Times, 18 September 1947[full citation needed]
- McHenry, Robert (ed.), Famous American Women: A Biographical Dictionary from Colonial Times to the Present, Dover Publications.
- United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services, Nomination of Anna M. Rosenberg to be Assistant Secretary of Defense. U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1950. 381 pages
- Anna Rosenberg Hoffman Papers.Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
- McCarthy attacks Rosenberg's Nomination
- Jewish Virtual Library entry
- Another bio with picture, at National Park Service
- Another bio on the Social Security site
- Part 1
- Part 2
- Part 3
- Part 4
- Part 5
- Part 6
- Part 7
- Part 8
- Part 9
- Part 10
- Part 11
- Part 12
- Part 13