Temporal range: Late Cretaceous–present 70.6–0 Ma[1]
Anodontites trapesialis.jpg
Anodontites trapesialis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Unionida
Family: Mycetopodidae
Subfamily: Anodontitinae
Genus: Anodontites
Bruguière 1792

see text

Anodontites is a genus of freshwater mussels, aquatic bivalve mollusks in the family Mycetopodidae.[2] Anodontites are present in South and Middle America, as far north as Mexico.[3]


The table below lists extant species:[4]

Scientific name Authority Distribution
A. aroana H.B. Baker 1930
A. carinata Dunker 1858 Widespread distribution from Guyana west to the Magdalena River, Colombia
A. colombiensis Marshall 1922 Known from the Colorado River and adjacent streams in northern Colombia
A. crispata Bruguière 1792 Widespread in tropical South America, north of the Paraná Basin
A. cylindracea Lea 1838 Chiapas and Veracruz, Mexico
A. depexus Martens 1900 Guatemala
A. elongata Swainson 1823 Amazon Basin in Brazil, Peru and Colombia; the Magdalena River in Colombia; and the upper Paraguay in the Paraná Basin
A. ferrarisii d'Orbigny 1835 Lower Paraná system
A. guanarensis Marshall 1927 Venezuela
A. iheringi Clessin 1882 Paraná and adjacent coastal streams in Brazil
A. inaequivalva Lea 1868 Lake Nicaragua
A. infossus H.B. Baker 1930 Northern Venezuela
A. leotaudi Guppy 1866 Venezuela and Trinidad
A. lucida d'Orbigny 1835 Paraná and adjacent coastal streams in Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina
A. moricandii Lea 1860 Lower São Francisco and Atlantic streams as far south as Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A. obtusa Spix & Wagner 1827 Disjunct distribution in the Tapajos River in the Amazon Basin, the São Francisco River and adjacent coastal streams, and the Piracicaba in the upper Paraná basin
A. patagonica Lamarck 1819 Widespread in the Paraná and adjacent coastal basins.
A. pittieri Marshall 1922 Venezuela
A. schomburgianus Sowerby 1870 Described from British Guyana
A. solenidea Sowerby 1867 From the São Francisco south to the Paraná in Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina
A. tehuantepecensis Crosse & Fischer 1893 Mexico and Central America
A. tenebricosa Lea 1834 Widespread upper Amazon, coastal streams of southern Brazil and the Paraná Basin, South America
A. tortilis Lea 1852 Guyanas, Venezuela and Colombia, north to Costa Rica
A. trapesialis Lamarck 1819 Widespread in South America from the Paraná System through the Amazon Basin and northern drainages, and north to Mexico
A. trapezea Spix & Wagner 1827 Paraná and Rio São Francisco basins, west to the upper Amazon
A. trigona Spix & Wagner 1827

Four species are known from fossils (three exclusively so):[1]

Species Authors Formation Country Refs
Anodontites batesi Woodward 1871 Pebas Formation Peru [5]
Anodontites capax Conrad 1874 Pebas Formation Peru [6]
Anodontites laciranus De Porta 1966 Santa Teresa Formation Colombia [7]
Anodontites trapesialis Lamarck 1819 Solimões Formation Brazil [8]


  1. ^ a b "Anodontites Bruguière 1792". Paleobiology Database. Fossilworks. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Anodontites Bruguière, 1792". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  3. ^ Marshall, William B. (1932). "Anodontites: A genus of South and Central American and Mexican pearly fresh-water mussels". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 79: article 23.
  4. ^ "The Mussel Project". Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  5. ^ Fossilworks
  6. ^ Fossilworks
  7. ^ Acosta & Ulloa, 2002, p.64
  8. ^ Fossilworks


  • Acosta Garay, Jorge, and Carlos E. Ulloa Melo. 2002. Geología de la Plancha 227 La Mesa - 1:100,000, 1–80. INGEOMINAS.