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In mathematics, **anticommutativity** is a specific property of some non-commutative mathematical operations. Swapping the position of two arguments of an antisymmetric operation yields a result which is the *inverse* of the result with unswapped arguments. The notion *inverse* refers to a group structure on the operation's codomain, possibly with another operation. Subtraction is an anticommutative operation because commuting the operands of *a* − *b* gives *b* − *a* = −(*a* − *b*); for example, 2 − 10 = −(10 − 2) = −8. Another prominent example of an anticommutative operation is the Lie bracket.

In mathematical physics, where symmetry is of central importance, or even just in multilinear algebra these operations are mostly (multilinear with respect to some vector structures and then) called **antisymmetric operations**, and when they are not already of arity greater than two, extended in an associative setting to cover more than two arguments.

If are two abelian groups, a bilinear map is **anticommutative** if for all we have

More generally, a multilinear map is anticommutative if for all we have

where is the sign of the permutation .

If the abelian group has no 2-torsion, implying that if then , then any anticommutative bilinear map satisfies

More generally, by transposing two elements, any anticommutative multilinear map satisfies

if any of the are equal; such a map is said to be **alternating**. Conversely, using multilinearity, any alternating map is anticommutative. In the binary case this works as follows: if is alternating then by bilinearity we have

and the proof in the multilinear case is the same but in only two of the inputs.

Examples of anticommutative binary operations include:

- Cross product
- Lie bracket of a Lie algebra
- Lie bracket of a Lie ring
- Subtraction

- Commutativity
- Commutator
- Exterior algebra
- Graded-commutative ring
- Operation (mathematics)
- Symmetry in mathematics
- Particle statistics (for anticommutativity in physics).

- Bourbaki, Nicolas (1989), "Chapter III. Tensor algebras, exterior algebras, symmetric algebras",
*Algebra. Chapters 1–3*, Elements of Mathematics (2nd printing ed.), Berlin-Heidelberg-New York City: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 3-540-64243-9, MR 0979982, Zbl 0904.00001.

Look up **anticommutative property** in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

- Gainov, A.T. (2001) [1994], "Anti-commutative algebra",
*Encyclopedia of Mathematics*, EMS Press. Which references the Original Russian work - Weisstein, Eric W. "Anticommutative".
*MathWorld*.