The Antonov An-28 (NATO reporting nameCash) is a twin-engined light turboprop transport aircraft, developed from the Antonov An-14M. It was the winner of a competition against the Beriev Be-30, for use by Aeroflot as a short-range airliner. It first flew in 1969. A total of 191 were built and 16 remain in airline service as at August 2015. After a short pre-production series built by Antonov, it was licence-built in Poland by PZL-Mielec. In 1993, PZL-Mielec developed its own improved variant, the PZL M28 Skytruck.
The An-28 is similar to the An-14 in many aspects, including its wing structure and twin rudders, but features an expanded fuselage and turboprop engines, in place of the An-14's piston engines. The An-28 first flew as a modified An-14 in 1969. The next preproduction model did not fly until 1975. In passenger carrying configuration, accommodation was provided for up to 15 people, in addition to the two-man crew. Production was transferred to PZL-Mielec in 1978. The first Polish-built aircraft did not fly until 1984. The An-28 finally received its Soviet type certificate in 1986.
The original Antonov designation for an enlarged, twin-turboprop version of the An-14.
Twin-engined short-range utility transport aircraft, three built.
An-28RM Bryza 1RM
Search and rescue, air ambulance aircraft.
An-28TD Bryza 1TD
Variant made in Poland with Pratt & Whitney PT6 engines first flown 22 July 1993.
Major operators of the 16 Antonov An-28 aircraft remaining in airline service include:
ELK Airways Flight 1007, an An-28 ES-NOV operated by Enimex, struck trees and crashed about 1.5 km from the airport while attempting to land in bad weather at Kärdla Airport, Estonia. Of the 14 passengers and 3 crew on board, 2 passengers were killed.
29 August 2002
Vostok Aviation Company Flight 359 struck a mountain slope near Ayan, Russia after the pilot descended too soon during the approach to Ayan, killing all 16 on board.
^"В ДП «Антонов» розповіли про знищені літаки в Гостомелі". Mil.in.ua (in Ukrainian). 4 April 2022.
^"Утилізовувати Ан-225 "Мрія" не будуть, тривають слідчі дії – Дмитро Антонов". Mil.in.ua (in Ukrainian). 5 June 2022. As for other planes that remained in Gostomel, the pilot said that the An-74 and An-26 were destroyed. But An-22 and An-124 "Ruslan" are damaged. Regarding their recovery, the pilot said:"I believe that Ruslan will be restored, An-28 will be restored. The An-22 may also be restored, but it has been severely damaged."