Apeirogonal hosohedron

Summary

Apeirogonal hosohedron
Apeirogonal hosohedron
Type Regular tiling
Vertex configuration 2
[[File:|40px]]
Face configuration V∞2
Schläfli symbol(s) {2,∞}
Wythoff symbol(s) ∞ | 2 2
Coxeter diagram(s) CDel node.pngCDel infin.pngCDel node.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node 1.png
Symmetry [∞,2], (*∞22)
Rotation symmetry [∞,2]+, (∞22)
Dual Order-2 apeirogonal tiling
Properties Vertex-transitive, edge-transitive, face-transitive

In geometry, an apeirogonal hosohedron or infinite hosohedron[1] is a tiling of the plane consisting of two vertices at infinity. It may be considered an improper regular tiling of the Euclidean plane, with Schläfli symbol {2,∞}.

Related tilings and polyhedraEdit

The apeirogonal hosohedron is the arithmetic limit of the family of hosohedra {2,p}, as p tends to infinity, thereby turning the hosohedron into a Euclidean tiling. All the vertices have then receded to infinity and the digonal faces are no longer defined by closed circuits of finite edges.

Similarly to the uniform polyhedra and the uniform tilings, eight uniform tilings may be based from the regular apeirogonal tiling. The rectified and cantellated forms are duplicated, and as two times infinity is also infinity, the truncated and omnitruncated forms are also duplicated, therefore reducing the number of unique forms to four: the apeirogonal tiling, the apeirogonal hosohedron, the apeirogonal prism, and the apeirogonal antiprism.

Order-2 regular or uniform apeirogonal tilings
(∞ 2 2) Parent Truncated Rectified Bitruncated Birectified
(dual)
Cantellated Omnitruncated
(Cantitruncated)
Snub
Wythoff symbol 2 | ∞ 2 2 2 | ∞ 2 | ∞ 2 2 ∞ | 2 ∞ | 2 2 ∞ 2 | 2 ∞ 2 2 | | ∞ 2 2
Schläfli symbol {∞,2} t{∞,2} r{∞,2} t{2,∞} {2,∞} rr{∞,2} tr{∞,2} sr{∞,2}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram                                                
Vertex config. ∞.∞ ∞.∞ ∞.∞ 4.4.∞ 2 4.4.∞ 4.4.∞ 3.3.3.∞
Tiling image                
Tiling name Apeirogonal dihedron Apeirogonal dihedron Apeirogonal dihedron Apeirogonal prism Apeirogonal hosohedron Apeirogonal prism Apeirogonal prism Apeirogonal antiprism

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Conway (2008), p. 263

ReferencesEdit

  • The Symmetries of Things 2008, John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5

External linksEdit

  • Jim McNeill: Tessellations of the Plane