Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul 143 BC)

Summary

Appius Claudius Pulcher (Latin: APP•CLAVDIVS•C•F•APP•N•PVLCHER) was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC.

LifeEdit

Son of Gaius Claudius Pulcher (who was consul in 177 BC), he was elected consul for 143 BC, and, to obtain a pretext for a triumph, attacked the Salassi, an Alpine tribe. He was at first defeated, but afterwards, following the directions of the Sibylline Books, gained a victory.[1][2][3] On his return the celebration of the triumph was refused; but he held a triumph at his own expense, and when one of the tribunes attempted to drag him from his car, his daughter Claudia, one of the Vestal Virgins, walked by his side up to the capital.[4][5] Next year he was an unsuccessful candidate for the censorship, though he afterwards held that office with Quintus Fulvius Nobilior, probably in 136 BC.[6][7] He allied with Tiberius Gracchus who married his daughter Claudia. Appius backed Tiberius' land reform bill and in 133 BC with Tiberius and Tiberius' brother, Gaius Gracchus, was chosen commissioner for the division of the lands.[8][9][10] Their post allowed them to survey the ager publicus, publicly owned land that Tiberius wanted to distribute to citizens who had lost their property. Another faction in the Senate opposed them and Tiberius was assassinated in 133 BC. Appius was the enemy of Scipio Aemilianus.[11][12] He died shortly after Tiberius Gracchus,[13] probably in 130 BC.[14] He was one of the Salii, an augur, and princeps senatus.[7][15] Cicero[16] says that his style of speaking was fluent and vehement. He married Antistia. His great-granddaughter was Clodia.

Family treeEdit

ignota (2)
(Fonteia?)
married c. 138
Ap. Claudius Pulcher
cos. 143, cens. 136
(c. 186-130)
(1) Antistia
(Vetorum)
married c. 164
Claudia
Vestal
born c. 163
Claudia
minor
Gracchi
born c. 161
Ap. Pulcher
(c. 159–135/1)
Claudia
Tertia
born c. 157
Q. Philippus
mint IIIvir c. 129
born 160s, married c. 143
C. Pulcher
(c. 136–92)
cos. 92
Ap. Pulcher
(c. 130–76)
cos. 79
IgnotaxL. Philippus
(c. 141–c. 74)
cos. 91
Q. Philippus
(c. 143–c. 105)
Claudiae
maior et
minor
(born 100–99)
Claudia Tertia
Q. Regis
(born c. 98)
Ap. Pulcher
(97–49)
cos. 54, augur,
cens. 50
C. Pulcher
(96–c. 30s)
pr. 56
Claudia Quarta
Q. Metelli Celeris
(born c. 94)
P. Clodius Pulcher
tr. pl. 58
(93-53)
Claudia Quinta
L. Luculli
(born 92/90)
Claudia
maior
M. Bruti
Claudia
minor
ignoti
Claudia
C. Caesaris
(born c. 56)


NotesEdit

  1. ^ Frontinus, the Waters of the City of Rome, 7.
  2. ^ Dio Cassius, Fragments, lxxix. lxxx.
  3. ^ Orosius, v. 4.
  4. ^ Cicero, For Marcus Caelius, 14
  5. ^ Suetonius, Life of Tiberius, 2.
  6. ^ Dio Cassius, Fragments, lxxxiv.
  7. ^ a b Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus, 4.
  8. ^ Livy, Epitoma Oxyrrhynci reperta, 58
  9. ^ Johann Caspar von Orelli, Inscriptionum Latinarum Selectarum Collectio, No. 570.
  10. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 2.
  11. ^ Plutarch, Aemilius Paulus, 38.
  12. ^ Cicero, On the Republic, i. 19.
  13. ^ Appian, Civil Wars, i. 18.
  14. ^ "Appius Claudius Pulcher | Roman politician [died circa 130 BC]". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  15. ^ Macrobius, Saturnalia, ii. 10.
  16. ^ Cicero, Brutus or History of famous orators, 28.

ReferencesEdit

This entry incorporates public domain text originally from:

  • William Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870.
Political offices
Preceded by Roman consul
143 BC
with Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
Succeeded by
Preceded by Roman consul
136–135 BC
with Quintus Fulvius Nobilior
Succeeded by