Arase (satellite)

Summary

Arase
Arase ISAS.png
Artistic rendering of Arase in orbit.
Mission typeEarth observation
OperatorJAXA
COSPAR ID2016-080A
SATCAT no.41896
Spacecraft properties
BusSPRINT
Launch mass~350 kg
Power≧700 W
Start of mission
Launch date11:00:00, December 20, 2016 (UTC) (2016-12-20T11:00:00Z)
RocketEpsilon
Launch siteUchinoura
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Perigee altitude~460 km
Apogee altitude~32110 km
Inclination~31 degrees [1]
Period~565 minutes
Instruments
  • Extremely high-energy electron sensor (XEP-e)
  • High-energy particle sensor – electron (HEP-e)
  • Medium-energy particle sensor – electron (MEP-e)
  • Low-energy particle sensor – electron (LEP-e)
  • Medium-energy particle – ion (MEP-i)
  • Low-energy particle – ion (LEP-i)
  • Magnetic Field Experiment (MGF)
  • Plasma Wave Experiment (PWE)
  • Software Wave-Particle Interaction Analyzer (S-WPIA)
 

Arase, formerly known as Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG), is a scientific satellite to study the Van Allen belts. It was developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science of JAXA. While there was a scientist working on a similar project with the surname Arase, the satellite's name has nothing to do with him but instead named after a river beside the launch point.

It was launched aboard Epsilon launch vehicle at 11:00:00, 20 December 2016 UTC into apogee height 32250 km, perigee 214 km orbit. Subsequent perigee-up operation moved its orbit to apogee 32110 km, perigee 460 km of 565 minutes period.[2]

Spacecraft

The Arase spacecraft is the second satellite based on SPRINT bus, after Hisaki (SPRINT-A). Arase weighs about 350 kg, measures about 1.5 m × 1.5 m × 2.7 m at launch.[3] Once in orbit, it will extend four solar panels, two 5 m masts, and four 15 m wire antennas.[3] The spacecraft is spin-stabilized at 7.5 rpm (8 seconds).[3]

Planned mission duration was for one year of scientific observation, [3] but the mission remains active over 3 years later.

Launch

Arase's launch on the enhanced Epsilon's maiden flight was originally scheduled for 2015, but was postponed to the 2016 financial year due to satellite development delays.[4]

Instruments

Arase carries following instruments:[3]

  • XEP-e (Extremely high-energy electron sensor)[5]
  • HEP-e (High-energy particle sensor – electron)
  • MEP-e (Medium-energy particle sensor – electron)
  • LEP-e (Low-energy particle sensor – electro)
  • MEP-i (Medium-energy particle – ion)
  • LEP-i (Low-energy particle – ion)
  • MGF (Magnetic Field Experiment)
  • PWE (Plasma Wave Experiment)
  • S-WPIA (Software Wave-Particle Interaction Analyzer)

MGF is located at the end of 5 m extended mast.[3]

PWE consists of a search coil (PWE-MSC) located at the end of another 5 m extended mast, four 15 m wire antennae (PWE-WPT), and associated electronics unit (PWE-E).[3]

S-WPIA will analyse the data obtained by other instruments.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Arase (ERG) Geospace Probe - JAXA". JAXA. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  2. ^ ジオスペース探査衛星「あらせ」(ERG)の軌道変更運用(近地点高度上昇)の完了について (in Japanese). JAXA. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Archived copy" プレスキット/2016年11月18日(木) (PDF) (in Japanese). November 18, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 26, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Shogo Matsuda (16 January 2015). "Japan's Epsilon rocket shoved aside?". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG)". JAXA. 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-09-08.

External links

  • Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace "ERG", JAXA
    • Brochure
  • Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace ERG, ISAS/JAXA
    • Send your name and a message for ERG!
  • The ERG satellite on YouTube by JAXA
  • ERG Science Center