The Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Guinea Ecuatorial; French: Forces armées de la Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Forças Armadas da Guiné Equatorial) consists of approximately 2,500 service members. The army has almost 1,400 soldiers, the police 400 paramilitary men, the navy 200 service members, and the air force about 120 members. There is also a gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. The Gendarmerie is a new branch of the service in which training and education is being supported by the French Military Cooperation in Equatorial Guinea. Military appointments are all reviewed by President Teodoro Obiang, and few of the native militiamen come from outside of Obiang's Mongomo-based Esangui clan. Obiang was a general when he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema.
|Armed Forces of Equatorial Guinea|
|Service branches||Army of Equatorial Guinea|
Navy of Equatorial Guinea
Air Force of Equatorial Guinea
|Commander-in-Chief||Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo|
|Minister of Defence||General Antonio Mba Nguema|
|Conscription||18 years of age, 2 years selective compulsory service|
|136,725 males, age 16–49, |
138,018 females, age 16–49
|105,468 males, age 16–49, |
107,919 females, age 16–49
|6,983 males, |
|Percent of GDP||0.1% (2006 est.)|
|Foreign suppliers|| United States|
|Ranks||Military ranks of Equatorial Guinea|
The Armed Forces were reorganized in 1979. In 1988, the United States donated a 68-foot patrol boat to the Equatoguinean navy to patrol its exclusive economic zone. The U.S. patrol boat Isla de Bioko is no longer operational. U.S. military-to-military engagement has been dormant since 1997 (the year of the last Joint Combined Exchange Training exercise). Between 1984 and 1992, service members went regularly to the United States on the International Military Education Training program, after which funding for this program for Equatorial Guinea ceased. The government spent 6.5% of its annual budget on defense in 2000 and 4.5% of its budget on defense in 2001. It recently acquired some Chinese artillery pieces, some Ukrainian patrol boats, and some Ukrainian helicopter gunships. The number of paved airports in Equatorial Guinea can be counted on one hand, and as such the number of airplanes operated by the air force is small. The Equatoguineans rely on foreigners to operate and maintain this equipment as they are not sufficiently trained to do so. Cooper and Weinert 2010 says that all aircraft are based on the military side of Malabo International Airport.
In 2002, a International Consortium of Investigative Journalists report said:
The oil companies do not view Equatorial Guinea's military – a product of decades of brutal dictatorial rule – with much confidence. The army is believed to have only about 1,320 men under arms, the navy 120, and the air force 100. Seven of the army's nine generals are relatives of the president; the other two are from his tribe. There is no clear command structure, the level of discipline is low, and professionalism and training are almost non-existent, according to locals and foreign oil workers. Even the presidential guard – an indication of the lack of trust in the country's forces – is composed of 350 Moroccan troops."
|Armored fighting vehicle|
|T-55||Soviet Union||Main battle tank||3|
|BRDM-2||Soviet Union||Reconnaissance vehicle||6|
|BMP-1||Soviet Union||Infantry fighting vehicle||20||Acquired from Czech Republic in 2007.|
|BTR-152||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||10|
|Reva||South Africa||Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected||25|
|AKM||Soviet Union||Assault rifle|
|FN FAL||Belgium||Battle rifle|
|RPD||Soviet Union||Machine gun|
|RPG-7||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
The Equatorial Guinea Air Corps was founded in 1979 with mainly French and Spanish air frames. In 2005, 4 Su 25s including 2 Su-25UB combat trainers were delivered to the Equatorial Guinea Air Corps. The current status of the aircraft is unknown. In 2015 two CASA C-295 (one transport and one surveillance) aircraft were ordered for delivery from September 2016.
|Antonov 72||Soviet Union||heavy transport||1|
|Let L-410 Turbolet||Czech Republic||transport||2|
|Mil Mi-26||Russia||utility / transport||1|
|Aero L-39||Czech Republic||jet trainer||2|
The Equatorial Guinean main task is to counter piracy and robbery at sea. In July 2010, after the visit of Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, an order for a Barroso-class corvette was announced. However, as of 2014[update] no further news has been announced. On 3 June 2014, the frigate Wele Nzas was commissioned and became the navy's flagship.
|Wele Nzas (F073)||Bulgaria||Frigate||1||Ukrainian designed - modified locally|
|Isla de Corisco||Israel||Patrol boat||1||Shaldag-class|
|Isla de Annobon||Israel||Patrol boat||1||Shaldag-class|
|Osa||China||Landing ship||1||Salamandra Class|
On 6 November 2016, the Zimbabwe Defence Forces deployed a training contingent to the Equatorial Guinea to train the country's military officers on operational and logistic matters following an urgent request by the West African country. The security personnel contingent is composed of members of the Zimbabwe National Army and Air Force of Zimbabwe. In 2018, 28 graduates from the military received diplomas from the Nakhimov Naval Academy in Sevastopol.
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