Arques, Pas-de-Calais

Summary

Arques (French pronunciation: [aʁk] (listen)) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France, bordering Saint-Omer.

Arques
The Fontinettes boat lift
The Fontinettes boat lift
Coat of arms of Arques
Location of Arques
Arques is located in France
Arques
Arques
Arques is located in Hauts-de-France
Arques
Arques
Coordinates: 50°44′10″N 2°18′12″E / 50.7361°N 2.3033°E / 50.7361; 2.3033Coordinates: 50°44′10″N 2°18′12″E / 50.7361°N 2.3033°E / 50.7361; 2.3033
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementSaint-Omer
CantonLonguenesse
IntercommunalityCA Pays de Saint-Omer
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Benoît Roussel
Area
1
22.41 km2 (8.65 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
9,584
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62040 /62510
Elevation2–62 m (6.6–203.4 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Arques is situated in the middle of the Hauts-de-France region, 40 km from Calais and Dunkerque, and 45 km from Boulogne-sur-Mer. It lies on the border of the departments of Pas-de-Calais and Nord.

The town is crossed by the Neufossé Canal, which connects the rivers Aa and Lys. The commune also includes several lakes—Beauséjour, Arc-en-ciel, Malhôve, Batavia—and part of the forest of Rihout-Clairmarais.

HistoryEdit

Arques is in the region of French Flanders. As this area has been under Belgian, English, French and Spanish rule, many of the names are French versions of names in other languages.

In the wake of the Battle of the Golden Spurs a battle was fought here in April 1303 between French and Flemish. The Flemish were victorious in the Battle of Arques (1303). Arques is not to be confused with Arques-la-Bataille, where the Battle of Arques (1589) took place. It is also close to Agincourt.

It was one of the first towns in the region which subscribed to Agenda 21.

Possible Roman influence

There is a possibility of Arques being the Roman Port of 'Marcae' mentioned in the Litus Saxonicum as there appears to be research in the UK that the high sea levels were about 4.5 metres higher in late Roman times than that of today.

Arques is between Oudenberg and Boulogne (both Saxon Shore forts) and appears to be land if the sea level is raised 4.5 metres in which case would mean Arques would have been a well protected harbour inland from the town.[2][3][4]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,531—    
1800 1,682+9.9%
1806 1,691+0.5%
1821 1,854+9.6%
1831 2,190+18.1%
1836 2,330+6.4%
1841 2,601+11.6%
1846 2,769+6.5%
1851 2,771+0.1%
1856 2,992+8.0%
1861 3,456+15.5%
1866 3,805+10.1%
1872 4,080+7.2%
1876 4,145+1.6%
1881 4,270+3.0%
1886 4,567+7.0%
1891 4,284−6.2%
1896 4,355+1.7%
1901 4,302−1.2%
1906 4,478+4.1%
YearPop.±%
1911 4,658+4.0%
1921 4,613−1.0%
1926 4,512−2.2%
1931 4,696+4.1%
1936 5,008+6.6%
1946 5,222+4.3%
1954 5,800+11.1%
1962 7,224+24.6%
1968 8,738+21.0%
1975 10,042+14.9%
1982 9,245−7.9%
1990 9,014−2.5%
1999 9,331+3.5%
2006 9,615+3.0%
2007 9,656+0.4%
2008 9,696+0.4%
2009 9,945+2.6%
2013 9,936−0.1%
2015 9,932−0.0%

EconomyEdit

Arques is famous for its crystal manufacture. It has been the headquarters of Arc International, the largest manufacturer of glassware in the world, since its inception in the 19th century.

Places of interestEdit

There is a town walk which takes in most of these sites and can be downloaded from the town website.[6][7]

The town is a ville fleurie and is rated with three flowers.[8]

La Goudale have relocated to Arques from Douai, to a state of the art brewery which can be visited.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ Explanation of sea level rises based on Anglo Saxon village names at 4.5 metres
  3. ^ University of Durham Roman sea levels in the Wash at 4.5 metres
  4. ^ Scalgo with Sea level rises of 4.5 metres around Arques
  5. ^ The CFTVA website
  6. ^ Le Circuit du Pavé - front
  7. ^ Le Circuit du Pavé - back
  8. ^ Arques on the Ville et Villages Fleuris website
  9. ^ Visiting La Goudale Brewery

External linksEdit

  • Town website

GalleryEdit