Asia Cooperation Dialogue


Asia Cooperation Dialogue

Member states in yellow
Member states in yellow
TypeRegional cooperation organizations
• Secretary-General
Bundit Limschoon[1]
• Total
46,872,864[2] km2 (18,097,714 sq mi)
• Estimate
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi)

The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an intergovernmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as the ASEAN, the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and the SAARC.


The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his party leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, then Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Hanoi, 23–24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat in Phuket, 20–21 February 2002.

Ministerial meetings

Meeting Location Date(s)
1st Thailand Cha-am 18–19 June 2002
2nd Thailand Chiang Mai 21–22 June 2003
3rd China Qingdao 21–22 June 2004
4th Pakistan Islamabad 4–6 April 2005
5th Qatar Doha 23–24 May 2006
6th South Korea Seoul 5–6 June 2007
7th Kazakhstan Astana 16–17 October 2008
8th[3] Sri Lanka Colombo 15–16 October 2009
9th Iran Tehran 8–9 November 2010
10th Kuwait Kuwait City 10–11 October 2012
11th[4] Tajikistan Dushanbe 29 March 2013
12th[5] Bahrain Manama 26 November 2013
13th[6] Saudi Arabia Riyadh 25 November 2014
14th[7] Thailand Bangkok 9–10 March 2016
15th[8] United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 16–17 January 2017
16th[9] Qatar Doha 30 April 2019


Summit Location Dates
I Kuwait Kuwait City 15–17 October 2012
II Thailand Bangkok 8–10 October 2016
III Iran Tehran 2018[10]


The main objectives of the ACD are to:

  1. Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
  2. Expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
  3. Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
  4. Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity.

Member states

MaldivesBangladeshBhutanNepalSri LankaIndiaMyanmarThailandCambodiaLaosVietnamBruneiIndonesiaMalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeAfghanistanPakistanTurkmenistanIranAzerbaijanKazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanUzbekistanChinaRussiaTurkeyJapanMongoliaSouth KoreaBahrainKuwaitOmanQatarSaudi ArabiaUnited Arab EmiratesSouth Asian Association for Regional CooperationBay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic CooperationMekong–Ganga CooperationAssociation of Southeast Asian NationsShanghai Cooperation OrganisationTurkic CouncilEconomic Cooperation OrganizationGulf Cooperation CouncilAsia Cooperation Dialogue
A clickable Euler diagram showing the relationships between various Asian regional organisations vde
Membership and expansion of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue

The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since March 2016, the organization consists of 34 states[11] as listed below (including all current members of the ASEAN and the GCC). Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.

Name Accession date Regional organization
 Afghanistan 17 October 2012 SAARC, ECO
 Bahrain 18 June 2002 GCC, AL
 Bangladesh 18 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Bhutan [t 1] 27 September 2004 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Brunei 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Cambodia 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MGC
 China 18 June 2002 SCO
 India 18 June 2002 SAARC, BIMSTEC, MGC, SCO
 Indonesia 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Iran 21 June 2004 ECO
 Japan 18 June 2002
 Kazakhstan [t 2] 21 June 2003 CIS, ECO, SCO
 South Korea 18 June 2002
 Kuwait 21 June 2003 GCC, AL
 Kyrgyzstan[12] 16 October 2008 CIS, ECO, SCO
 Laos 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MGC
 Malaysia 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Mongolia 21 June 2004
 Myanmar 18 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MGC
   Nepal 10 March 2016 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Oman 21 June 2003 GCC, AL
 Pakistan 18 June 2002 SAARC, SCO, ECO
 Philippines 18 June 2002 ASEAN,
 Qatar 18 June 2002 GCC, AL
 Russia [t 2] 4 April 2005 CIS, CoE, SCO
 Saudi Arabia 4 April 2005 GCC, AL
 Singapore 18 June 2002 ASEAN
 Sri Lanka 21 June 2003 SAARC, BIMSTEC
 Tajikistan 5 June 2006 CIS, ECO, SCO
 Thailand 18 June 2002 ASEAN, BIMSTEC, MGC
 Turkey[11][t 2] 26 September 2013 CoE,[t 3] ECO
 United Arab Emirates 21 June 2004 GCC, AL
 Uzbekistan 5 June 2006 CIS, ECO, SCO
 Vietnam 18 June 2002 ASEAN, MGC
  1. ^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004
  2. ^ a b c Located partially in Europe.
  3. ^ Turkey is a European Union candidate since 1999.

See also


  1. ^ "Top Stories : Thailand nominates ACD Secretary General and highlights priority areas in Asia-wide cooperation – Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Thailand". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  2. ^ Corresponds to the terrestrial surface. Including the Exclusive Economic Zones of each member state, the total area is 73 936 667 km².
  3. ^ "Arrangements for media coverage of the 8th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting October 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 15 September 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Thaksin's Statement at the 11th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting". 3 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  5. ^ "12th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting held in Bahrain". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  6. ^ "32 ministers to attend Riyadh conference". Arab 2 November 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Chairman's Statement 14th Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Ministerial Meeting" (PDF).
  8. ^ "15th ACD Ministerial Meeting, 16–17 January 2017, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates". 17 January 2017.
  9. ^ "16th ACD Ministerial Meeting, 30 April 2019, Doha, Qatar". 17 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Asia Cooperation Dialogue". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b "No: 253, 26 September 2013, Press Release on Turkey's Membership to the Asia Cooperation Dialogue". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Assistant Foreign Minister Zhai Jun Attends the 7th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers'Meeting in Kazakhstan". Retrieved 28 June 2010.

Further reading

  • Why We Need an Asian Union
  • European Policy Centre (2005-01): EU and Asian Integration Processes Compared
  • The Guardian (2005-04-12): Hopes and Fears of an Asian Union
  • International Herald Tribune (2005-06-18): Toward an 'Asian Union'?
  • Asia Times (2005-10-01): Hedging China with FTAs
  • International Herald Tribune (2005-12-16): An Asian Union? Not Yet
  • Bangkok Post (2006-05-19): Towards a Truly Pan-Asian Community
  • China Daily (2007-04-21): Asian Integration Still a Long Way Off
  • Tehran Times (2010-03-14): Ahmadinejad Proposes Establishment of Asian Union

External links

  • Asia Cooperation Dialogue
  • Asia Regional Integration Center
  • Association for Asian Union
  • Boao Forum for Asia
  • New Asia Forum
  • Society for Asian Integration