Assistant Secretary of the Navy (ASN) is the title given to certain civilian senior officials in the United States Department of the Navy.
From 1861 to 1954, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy was the second-highest civilian office in the Department of the Navy (reporting to the United States Secretary of the Navy). That role has since been supplanted by the office of Under Secretary of the Navy and the office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy has been abolished. There have, however, been a number of offices bearing the phrase "Assistant Secretary of the Navy" in their title (see below for details).
At present, there are four Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, each of whom reports to and assists the Secretary of the Navy and the Under Secretary of the Navy:
The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy was established in 1861, to provide a senior deputy to the Secretary. The Assistant Secretary was responsible for the Navy's civilian personnel, as well as for administration of shore facilities (such as naval bases and shipyards). Gustavus Fox was the first to hold the post, serving throughout the Civil War. The office was disestablished in 1869, during Reconstruction, but was reestablished by Congress on July 11, 1890. James R. Soley was the first to be appointed to the newly reestablished position.
The Assistant Secretary was the Navy's number-two civilian until 1940, when Congress established the position of Under Secretary of the Navy, who was given oversight of the Assistant Secretary's activities. James V. Forrestal, later Secretary of Defense, was the first to serve as Under Secretary; he held the post until 1944, when he became Secretary of the Navy.
During the 20th century, the responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary were divided among several officials. During the 1920s, for example, to reflect the increasing importance of naval aviation, Congress established the position of Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air.
The office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy was disestablished in 1954.
|Picture||Name||Assumed office||Left office||President appointed by||Secretary served under|
|Gustavus Fox||August 1, 1861||November 26, 1866||Abraham Lincoln||Gideon Welles|
|William Faxon||June 1, 1866||March 3, 1869||Andrew Johnson||Gideon Welles, Adolph Edward Borie, George Maxwell Robeson, Richard Wigginton Thompson, Nathan Goff, Jr., William Henry Hunt, William Eaton Chandler, William Collins Whitney|
|James R. Soley||July 18, 1890||March 19, 1893||Benjamin Harrison||Benjamin Franklin Tracy|
|William McAdoo||March 20, 1893||April 18, 1897||Grover Cleveland||Hilary Abner Herbert|
|Theodore Roosevelt||April 19, 1897||May 10, 1898||William McKinley||John Davis Long|
|Charles Herbert Allen||May 11, 1898||April 21, 1900|
|Frank W. Hackett||April 24, 1900||December 16, 1901|
|Charles Hial Darling||December 17, 1901||October 30, 1905||Theodore Roosevelt||John Davis Long, William Henry Moody, Paul Morton, Charles Joseph Bonaparte|
|Truman Handy Newberry||November 1, 1905||November 30, 1908||Charles Joseph Bonaparte, Victor Howard Metcalf|
|Herbert L. Satterlee||December 3, 1908||March 5, 1909||Truman Handy Newberry|
|Beekman Winthrop||March 6, 1909||March 16, 1913||William Howard Taft||George von Lengerke Meyer|
|Franklin D. Roosevelt||March 17, 1913||August 26, 1920||Woodrow Wilson||Josephus Daniels|
|Gordon Woodbury||August 27, 1920||March 9, 1921|
|Theodore Roosevelt Jr.||March 10, 1921||September 30, 1924||Warren Harding||Edwin Denby|
|Theodore Douglas Robinson||November 11, 1924||March 4, 1929||Calvin Coolidge||Curtis Dwight Wilbur|
|Ernest L. Jahncke||April 1, 1929||March 17, 1933||Herbert Hoover||Charles Francis Adams III|
|Henry L. Roosevelt||March 17, 1933||February 22, 1936||Franklin D. Roosevelt||Claude Augustus Swanson|
|Charles Edison||January 18, 1937||January 1, 1940|
|Lewis Compton||February 9, 1940||January 10, 1941||Charles Edison|
|Ralph Austin Bard||February 24, 1941||June 24, 1944||William Franklin Knox|
|H. Struve Hensel||January 30, 1945||February 28, 1946||Franklin D. Roosevelt||James Vincent Forrestal|
|W. John Kenney||March 1, 1946||September 19, 1947||Harry S. Truman|
|Mark E. Andrews||January 21, 1948||February 15, 1949||John L. Sullivan|
|John T. Koehler||February 18, 1949||October 3, 1951||Francis P. Matthews|
|Herbert R. Askins||October 3, 1951||January 20, 1953||Dan A. Kimball|
|Raymond H. Fogler||June 22, 1953||October 4, 1954||Dwight D. Eisenhower||Robert B. Anderson, Charles S. Thomas|
|Office name||Year created||Year abolished|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (AIR)||1926||1959|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Logistics)||c. 1960s?||c. 1970s?|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Material)||c. 1950s?||c. 1950s?|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development)||1959||1977|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Engineering and Systems)||1977||1990|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Shipbuilding and Logistics)||1990|