Astronomy in Serbia

Summary

Astronomy in Serbia is developed in accordance with the country's economic capabilities, or even slightly above them.[1] Astronomical Observatory Belgrade (on Zvezdara), founded in 1887, is one of the oldest scientific institutions in Serbia.[1] Serbia is a member of the International Astronomical Union since 1935.[1]

Astronomical Observatory Belgrade remains the only professional observatory in Serbia.[1] The observatory has eight professional telescopes, and is currently completing a new station on the mountain Vidojevica near Prokuplje.[1] There are also several smaller public and university observatories: the Public Observatory in Belgrade, Novi Sad Astronomical Observatory[2] and Belerofont Observatory in Kragujevac.[3] There are two planetariums: in Belgrade and Novi Sad.

Astronomy is taught in primary and secondary schools, but only as a part of other courses.[1] Of great importance in teaching of astronomy is the Petnica Science Center.[1] Five universities in Serbia offer the studies of astronomy: universities of Belgrade, Novi Sad, Kragujevac, Niš and Priština.[1] From these, at the University of Belgrade have so far graduated 242 astronomers, and 6 astronomers at the Novi Sad; 4 more astronomers who have graduated abroad are working in Serbia.[1]

Several journals devoted to astronomy are published: Astronomija,[4] (discontinued since 2009), Vasiona and others.[1] Also, since 1936, a scientific journal, Serbian Astronomical Journal is published.[1][5]

In Serbia there are 17[1] associations of amateur astronomers, the oldest[1][6] of which is Astronomical Society Ruđer Bošković.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Olga Atanacković: Global Astronomy Survey: Serbia Archived March 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Novosadska astronomska opservatorija". Archived from the original on 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  3. ^ "Belerofont opservatorija". Archived from the original on 2011-08-24. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved 2019-10-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ http://saj.matf.bg.ac.rs/
  6. ^ "Astronomical Society "Rudjer Bošković"". Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2009-11-19.