Atsugi

Summary

Atsugi (厚木市, Atsugi-shi) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 223,960 and a population density of 2400 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 93.83 square kilometres (36.23 sq mi). While the name "Atsugi" is often associated with the United States Navy base named Naval Air Facility Atsugi, the base is actually not in Atsugi, but straddles the border between the nearby cities of Ayase and Yamato.

Atsugi
厚木市
Special city
Atsugi City Hall
Atsugi City Hall
Flag of Atsugi
Official seal of Atsugi
Location of Atsugi in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Atsugi in Kanagawa Prefecture
Atsugi is located in Japan
Atsugi
Atsugi
 
Coordinates: 35°26′00″N 139°22′00″E / 35.43333°N 139.36667°E / 35.43333; 139.36667Coordinates: 35°26′00″N 139°22′00″E / 35.43333°N 139.36667°E / 35.43333; 139.36667
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
Area
 • Total93.83 km2 (36.23 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2021)
 • Total223,960
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– TreeMaple
– FlowerRhododendron indicum
Phone number046-223-1511
Address3-17-17 Nakacho, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa-ken
243-8511
WebsiteOfficial website
North side of Hon-Atsugi Station and MyLord department store in central Atsugi
Nanasawa near Atsugi
The Atsugi AXT office building lies south of central Atsugi, near the interchange of the Tōmei Expressway

GeographyEdit

Atsugi is located in the hilly center of Kanagawa Prefecture, approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from central Tokyo or 30 kilometres (19 mi) from central Yokohama. It is located at the northern end of the Sagami Plain created by the Sagami River, which originates from Lake Yamanaka, and straddles the Tanzawa Mountains in the west and the plain on the west bank of the Sagami River to the southeast. The Nakatsu River and Koayu River, which originate from the Higashitanzawa Mountains, join the Sagami River, which forms the border with Ebina, Zama, and Sagamihara. Parts of the western portion of the city are within the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park and include Mount Ōyama.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Kanagawa Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Atsugi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Atsugi is 13.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1906 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Atsugi has grown steadily over the past century.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 28,786—    
1930 30,680+6.6%
1940 32,981+7.5%
1950 43,191+31.0%
1960 46,239+7.1%
1970 82,894+79.3%
1980 145,392+75.4%
1990 197,283+35.7%
2000 217,369+10.2%
2010 224,426+3.2%

HistoryEdit

The area around present-day Atsugi city has been inhabited for thousands of years. Archaeologists have found ceramic shards from the Jōmon period at numerous locations in the area. By the Kamakura period, this area part of the Mōri shōen, part of the holdings of Ōe no Hiromoto. His descendants, the Mōri clan later ruled Chōshū domain. During the Kamakura period, the area was also known for its foundry industry for the production of bells for Buddhist temples. The area came under the control of the Ashikaga clan in the early Muromachi period and was later part of the territories of the Later Hōjō clan from Odawara. With the start of the Edo period, the area was tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, but administered through various hatamoto, as well as exclaves under the control of Odawara Domain, Sakura Domain, Mutsuura Domain, Ogino-Yamanaka Domain and Karasuyama Domain. After the Meiji Restoration, the area was consolidated into Aikō District of Kanagawa Prefecture by 1876. Atsugi town was created on April 1, 1889, through merger of several small hamlets, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Atsugi was elevated to city status on February 1, 1955, through merger with neighboring Mutsuai Village, Koaiyu Village, Tamagawa Village and Minamimori Village. The city expanded on July 8, 1958, through merger with neighboring Echi Village, and with Aikawa Village from Naka District. On September 30, 1956, Ogino Village joined with Atsugi. In April 2000, Atsugi exceeded 200,000 in population and was proclaimed a special city with increased autonomy from the central government.

GovernmentEdit

Atsugi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Atsugi contributes three members to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Kanagawa 16th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Atsugi is mainly known as a bedroom community for the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area. Nissan has operated a design center in Atsugi, Japan, since 1982.[4]Sony operates the Atsugi Technology Center and the Atsugi Technology Center No. 2 in Atsugi.[5]Anritsu is headquartered in Atsugi, as well as some of the NTT Research and Development labs.

EducationEdit

Atsugi has 23 public elementary schools and 13 public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has six public high schools operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education. There are also one private elementary school and two private high schools. Shoin University and the Kanagawa Institute of Technology are based in Atsugi, and the Tokyo Polytechnic University and the Tokyo University of Agriculture has campuses in the city

TransportationEdit

RailroadEdit

  Odakyu Electric RailwayOdakyū Odawara Line

HighwayEdit

Sister City relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from AtsugiEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Atsugi city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Atsugi climate data
  3. ^ Atsugi population statistics
  4. ^ "Nissan Design Center." Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
  5. ^ "Access & Map." Sony. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.

External linksEdit

  • Official Website (in Japanese)