Avraham Shochat

Summary

Avraham Shochat
Avraham Sochat 1.jpg
Ministerial roles
1992–1996Minister of Finance
1999–2001Minister of Finance
2000–2001Minister of National Infrastructure
Faction represented in the Knesset
1988–1991Alignment
1991–1999Labor Party
1999–2001One Israel
2001–2006Labor Party
Personal details
Born (1936-06-14) 14 June 1936 (age 85)
Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine

Avraham Shochat (Hebrew: אברהם שוחט, born 14 June 1936) is an Israeli former politician who twice served as Minister of Finance. He served as mayor of Arad for 20 years.[1]

Biography

Avraham ("Beiga") Shochat was born in Tel Aviv during the Mandate era. After serving in the Israel Defense Forces as a corporal in the Nahal paratroopers, he attended the Technion, where he gained a BSc in Civil engineering, also being elected chairman of the university's Student Union during his studies.

Shochat is married to Tama, daughter of Israeli prime minister Levi Eshkol and they have three children.[2]

Shochat was one of the founders of the modern city of Arad in 1962. As a civil engineer, he helped to plan Arad’s first permanent housing development.[3] He worked as branch director of Solel Boneh in Arad and the Dead Sea area, and was a member of the Board of Directors of Israel Aircraft Industries and Negev Phosphates.

Political career

In 1967 Shochat became head of the Arad local council. He served as mayor of Arad for twenty years. In addition to his mayoral duties he was deputy chairman of the Union of Local Authorities, chairman of the Development Towns Committee of the Union of Local Authorities.

In the 1984 Knesset elections he was on the Alignment's Knesset list, but failed to win a seat. However, when Aharon Harel resigned from the Knesset in May 1988, Shochat replaced him. He retained his seat in elections in November that year, and became chairman of the Finance Committee and the Economic Affairs Committee. After being re-elected in 1992 (by which time the Alignment had become the Labour Party), he was appointed Minister of Finance by Yitzhak Rabin. Although he was re-elected again in 1996, the opposition Likud won the election and Shochat lost his ministerial position.

Following victory for Ehud Barak and One Israel (an alliance of Labour, Meimad and Gesher) in 1999, Shochat was once again appointed Minister of Finance. In October 2000 he was also made Minister of National Infrastructure replacing Eliyahu Swisa after Shas left Barak's coalition. After Ariel Sharon won special elections for Prime Minister in 2001, Shochat left the cabinet. In the 2003 elections he also lost his Knesset seat.

After leaving the Knesset, Shochat was commissioned to produce a report on tuition fees for Israeli university students. His report, published in July 2007, recommended raising fees for Bachelor's degrees by 70% and increasing government funding for higher education by NIS 1.5 billion.[4]

References

  1. ^ Aronoff, Myron Joel (March 1, 1993). Power and Ritual in the Israel Labor Party: A Study in Political Anthropology. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 9781563241055 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  3. ^ "Mrs. Eshkol-shochat, Daughter of Israel's Premier, Arrives in U.S." September 12, 1963.
  4. ^ Shochat: University tuition hike will help reverse brain drain Haaretz, 16 July 2007

External links

  • Avraham Shochat on the Knesset website
  • Avraham Shochat Jewish Virtual Library