Avro 643 Cadet

Summary

The Avro Cadet was a single-engined British biplane trainer designed and built by Avro in the 1930s as a smaller development of the Avro Tutor for civil use.

Cadet
Avro Cadet.jpg
RAAF Avro Cadets
Role Trainer
Manufacturer Avro
First flight October 1931
Introduction 1932
Produced 1932–1939
Number built 104
Developed from Avro Tutor
Variants Avro 638 Club Cadet

Design and developmentEdit

The Avro 631 Cadet was developed in 1931 as a smaller, more economical, derivative of the Tutor military trainer, for flying club or personal use. The first prototype, G-ABRS flew in October 1931.[1] It was publicly unveiled at the opening of Skegness airfield in May 1932, although by this time, the first orders for the type, for the Irish Army Air Corps, had already been placed and the order (for six Cadets) delivered.

The Avro 631 Cadet was replaced in production in September 1934[2] by the improved Avro 643 Cadet, which had a revised rear fuselage with a raised rear seat, retaining the 135 hp (101 kW) Armstrong Siddeley Genet Major 1 engine of the Avro 631. In turn, this formed the basis for the more powerful Avro 643 Mk II Cadet; it was also strengthened and had improved parachute egress. This model entered service in 1935, and was built in the largest numbers, including 34 fitted with a tailwheel for the Royal Australian Air Force.[1]

Operational historyEdit

The Cadet, while smaller and more economical than the Tutor, was still more expensive to run than competing two-seat light civil aircraft and was harder to hangar because of its lack of folding wings, so it was used mainly as a trainer for flying schools or the military. By far, the largest civil user was Air Service Training Ltd, which operated 17 Avro 631s at Hamble, together with a further four operated by its Hong Kong subsidiary, the Far East Aviation Co. Air Service Training also operated 23 Mk II Cadets, with both these and the earlier Cadets remaining in service with Reserve Training Schools run by Air Service Training until they were impressed as ATC instructional airframes in 1941.[1]

The other major operator was the RAAF, which acquired 34 Mk II Cadets, delivered between November 1935 and February 1939.[1] These remained in service until 1946, when the surviving 16 were sold for civil use.[2] Two of these were re-engined in 1963 with 220 hp (160 kW) Jacobs R-755 engines for use as crop sprayers. In the UK, only two Cadets survived the war.

VariantsEdit

Avro 631 Cadet
Initial version, powered by Armstrong Siddeley Genet Major I engine, 35 built.
Avro 643 Cadet
Raised rear seat, eight built.
Avro 643 Cadet II
Powered by 150 hp (110 kW) Genet Major 1A, 61 built.

OperatorsEdit

 
An RAAF Avro Mk II Cadet built in Manchester, UK (despite the signboard) and erected in Australia

Civil operatorsEdit

  United Kingdom
  • Air Service Training Ltd

Military operatorsEdit

  Australia
  Ireland
  Portugal
  China
  Spain

SurvivorsEdit

  • There are three Cadets flying in Australia (VH-AEJ, VH-AGH and VH-PRT)
  • There is one in Ireland (the last of the Irish Air Corps machines, though home after a long tour of duty via the U.K. and New Zealand as ZK-AVR)
  • One reputed airworthy Cadet is on display in the Museu do Ar, Portugal.
  • A former Australian Air Force A6-25 is airworthy as NX643AV at Kermit Weeks' Fantasy of Flight in Polk City, Florida.
  • A former Australian Air Force A6-34, ex VH-RUO, is on static display at the RAAF Museum in Point Cook.

Specifications (Avro 643 Mk II Cadet)Edit

 
Avro 631 Cadet 3-view drawing from NACA-AC-161

Data from Avro Aircraft since 1908 [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 24 ft 9 in (7.54 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 2 in (9.19 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,286 lb (583 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,000 lb (907 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Genet Major 1A 5-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 150 hp (110 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 116 mph (187 km/h, 101 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn)
  • Range: 325 mi (523 km, 282 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 ft (3,700 m)
  • Rate of climb: 700 ft/min (3.6 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 7.63 lb/sq ft (37.3 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.075 hp/lb (0.123 kW/kg)

See alsoEdit

Related development

Related lists

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Jackson, A J (1990). Avro Aircraft since 1908 (2nd ed.). London: Putnam Aeronautical Books. ISBN 0-85177-834-8.
  2. ^ a b Jackson, A.J. (1974). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
  3. ^ Wilson, Stewart (1994). Military Aircraft of Australia. Weston Creek, Australia: Aerospace Publications. p. 216. ISBN 1875671080.
  4. ^ "Aircraft that took part in the Spanish Civil War". Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2010.

BibliographyEdit

  • Lopes, Mario C. (January 2000). "Les avions Avro au Portugal: des inconnu aux plus célèbres" [Portuguese Avro Aircraft: From the Unknown to the Most Famous] (in French) (82): 28–33. ISSN 1243-8650. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External linksEdit

  • RAAF Museum
  • Avro Cadet – British Aircraft Directory
  • "The Avro 631 'Cadet'" a 1932 Flight article