|Mission type||Space tourism|
|Mission duration||10 days (planned)|
|Spacecraft||Crew Dragon Resilience|
|Spacecraft type||Crew Dragon|
|Launch mass||12,519 kg (27,600 lb)|
|Landing mass||9,616 kg (21,200 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||21 February 2022 (planned) |
|Rocket||Falcon 9 Block 5|
|Launch site||Kennedy Space Center, LC-39A|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||3 March 2022 (planned)|
|Landing site||Atlantic Ocean|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking port||Harmony forward or zenith|
|Time docked||8 days (planned)|
Axiom Mission 1 (or Ax-1) is a planned SpaceX Crew Dragon mission to the International Space Station (ISS), operated by SpaceX on behalf of Axiom Space. The flight will launch on 21 February 2022 and send four people to the ISS for an eight-day stay: Michael López-Alegría, a professionally trained astronaut hired by Axiom Space, Eytan Stibbe from Israel, Larry Connor from the United States and Mark Pathy from Canada.
Axiom Space was founded in 2016 with the goal of creating the world's first commercial space station. In early 2020, NASA announced that Axiom had been granted access to the forward port of the ISS' Harmony module, to which Axiom plans to dock the Axiom Orbital Segment; a complex that could grow to three pressurized modules after 2024 with a large observation window – similar to the Cupola – that will be able to facilitate the company's activities in low Earth orbit. Prior to the first module's launch as early as 2024, Axiom planned to organize and fly crewed missions to the ISS, consisting of either paying space tourists or astronauts from public agencies or private organizations. In March 2020, Axiom announced they would charter a flight to the ISS with SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft as early as late 2021. This mission will be the first wholly commercially-operated crewed mission to the ISS, and one of the first dedicated orbital space tourism missions, alongside Roscosmos' Soyuz MS-20 mission, slated for late 2021. Following their first flight, Axiom plans to offer crewed flights to the ISS as often as twice per year, "[aligning] with the flight opportunities as they are made available by NASA".
Originally, Michael López-Alegría, Tom Cruise and Doug Liman[unreliable source?] and Eytan Stibbe were planned to be on the flight.[failed verification] Each of the seats reserved for tourists was announced to cost US$55 million. In early 2021, it was announced that the Cruise/Liman part of the crew was being deferred by "a year or two" for as-yet unrevealed reasons.
Following the launch of Crew Dragon Demo-2, the first crewed test flight of Dragon 2, Axiom CEO Michael Suffredini said that they planned to announce the names of the crew in "a month or so"; Ars Technica reported that the full crew complement would "probably be unveiled in January 2021". On 26 January 2021, Axiom revealed the full crew of the mission, consisting of Michael López-Alegría, Larry Connor, Mark Pathy and Eytan Stibbe. They also announced Peggy Whitson as the backup commander for the mission and John Shoffner as backup pilot. Michael Lopez-Alegria is a former NASA astronaut and Axiom Space VP. John Shoffner is an airshow pilot and entrepreneur, and not an Axiom employee nor a government trained astronaut. Peggy Whitson is a former NASA astronaut and Axiom consultant.
|Spacecraft commander|| Michael López-Alegría|
|Pilot|| Larry Connor|
|Mission Specialist 1|| Mark Pathy|
|Mission Specialist 2|| Eytan Stibbe|
|Spacecraft commander||Peggy Whitson|
The mission is expected to launch on 21 February 2022, atop a Falcon 9 Block 5 launch vehicle from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A), a NASA-owned launch pad leased to SpaceX for Falcon 9 launches. According to mission commander Michael López-Alegría, the mission will be flown aboard Crew Dragon Resilience. From there the spacecraft will spend two days in transit to the station and dock with Harmony, where they will then spend eight days aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Following their time on the ISS, the spacecraft will undock and return to Earth via a splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean.
The Israeli segment of the mission is called Rakia which was the title of the book published with the fragments of the diary of Ilan Ramon, which survived the 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
Axiom's private mission to the space station on a Crew Dragon has been delayed until late February