BRM P75

Summary

The BRM P75 was a 3-litre (183 cu. in.) H16 motor racing engine, developed by BRM. The engine was relatively competitive but highly unreliable, and was used in Formula One from 1966 to 1968.

BRM P75 H-16[1]
BRM H16 engine.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerUnited Kingdom BRM
Production1966-1968
Layout
Configuration180° H16[2]
Displacement3.0 L (2,996 cc)
Cylinder bore2.75 in (69.8 mm)
Piston stroke1.93 in (48.9 mm)
Valvetrain32-valve to 64-valve, DOHC, two-valves per cylinder to four-valves per cylinder
Combustion
TurbochargerN/A
Fuel systemFuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output390–440 bhp (291–328 kW; 395–446 PS)
Torque output248–275 lb⋅ft (336–373 N⋅m)[3]
Dimensions
Dry weight400–555 lb (181–252 kg)
Chronology
PredecessorP56/P60
SuccessorP101

BackgroundEdit

Regulation changesEdit

In 1965, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, that administered Formula One racing, agreed to raise the series' maximum engine capacity from 1.5 litres (92 cu in) to 3.0 litres (183 cu in) from 1966. Up until that point, BRM was challenging at the top with Lotus, Cooper and Ferrari.

DevelopmentEdit

BRM decided to hedge their bets by developing their existing 16 valve 1.5 litre V8 into a 32 valve 3 litre H16 (effectively two flat 8s, one on top of the other and geared together) while also developing a new 48 valve 3 litre V12 in partnership with Harry Weslake and opt for whichever turned out to be the better powerplant. After much debate, Sir Alfred Owen decided BRM would go with the H16 and Weslake bought out BRM's involvement in the V12 and produced the engine that went on to power the Eagle T1G. The H16's development was complicated by BRM's involvement in two further V12 designs and a 4.2 litre version of the H16 for Lotus to use at the 1966 Indianapolis 500.[4]

ReliabilityEdit

Various crankshaft vibration problems dogged the engine from the start, and to compound matters quick-fix balancing weights attached to the crankshafts developed the unfortunate habit of detaching themselves and flying off within the engines causing several catastrophic engine failures. Each side of the engine had to have its own water radiator, fuel metering unit, distributor and water pump, with a common oil radiator.[5] The first sign of trouble with the H16 came when the new engine arrived at the Team Lotus factory in Hethel, Norfolk and it required four men to lift it from the BRM truck to get into the Lotus factory. The sheer complexity of the engine led to a truly terrible record of unreliability with engine, transmission and related problems caused 27 of the powerplant's 30 retirements from 40 races.[6][7]

The initial 32 valve engine produced 390 brake horsepower (290 kW) at 10,250 RPM, with a later 64 valve variant raising this to 420 brake horsepower (310 kW) at 10,500 RPM. While these constituted reasonable figures compared to the Ferrari, Honda and Weslake V12s and the Cosworth V8 of 1967, the H16 had an extremely narrow power band and was by some distance the heaviest engine on the grid, starting out weighing 555 pounds (252 kg) when introduced in 1966 with the final lightweight version lowering this to 398 pounds (181 kg).

Formula One World Championship resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Tyre Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Points WCC
1966 Owen Racing Organisation BRM P83 D MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX 22 4th
Jackie Stewart PO PO Ret Ret Ret
Graham Hill PO PO Ret Ret Ret
Team Lotus Lotus 43 F Peter Arundell DNS Ret 13 5th
Jim Clark Ret 1 Ret
1967 Owen Racing Organisation BRM P83 G RSA MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER CAN ITA USA MEX 17 6th
Mike Spence Ret 6 8 5 Ret Ret Ret 5 5 Ret 5
Jackie Stewart Ret Ret 2 Ret
BRM P115 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Reg Parnell Racing BRM P83 G Chris Irwin 5 PO 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret
Team Lotus Lotus 43 F Jim Clark Ret 6 8th
Graham Hill Ret
1968 Owen Racing Organisation BRM P115 G RSA ESP MON BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX 28 5th
Mike Spence Ret

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Engine BRM • STATS F1".
  2. ^ "B.R.M. 16-cylinder engine from 1966: The crazy H16 monster | CAR ENGINE AND SPORT".
  3. ^ "Spicer Horsepower and Torque Calculator".
  4. ^ "Yorkshire Ferret". yorkshireferret.blogspot.pt. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  5. ^ "July 1967 : Prototype Parade - Talking around the H16 B.R.M. unit". Vsrnonline.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  6. ^ "Participations - BRM P75". FORIX. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  7. ^ Stewart, Jackie, Winning Is Not Enough, Headline Publishing Group, 2007, Page 176.