BTR-T

Summary

The BTR-T (Russian: Бронетранспортёр-Тяжелый (Bronetransporter-Tyazhelyy), ‘Armoured Transporter–Heavy’) is a Russian heavy infantry combat vehicle, designed by the Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building (Omsktransmash) state-run production association.

BTR-T
BTRTHeavyAPC1.jpg
A Russian BTR-T
TypeHeavy infantry fighting vehicle
Place of originRussia
Production history
DesignerOmsktransmash
Designed1977
ManufacturerUralvagonzavod
Unit cost$640,110 (with 30mm cannon) & $440,180 (without cannon)
Produced1980s - Present
No. built6,922 Units[citation needed]
VariantsAchzarit (Israel) & BTR-T (Russia)
Specifications
Mass38.5 tonnes
Length6.45 m
Width3.27 m
Height2.4 m
Crew2 (+6 passengers)

Armor320 mm max with ERA
Main
armament
Turret with either 2A42 30mm autocannon and 9M113 Konkurs ATGMs or 2A42 and AGS-30 or twin 30mm 2A38M autocannons or 12.7mm NSV machine gun and AGS-17D grenade launcher
Enginediesel
720hp
Power/weight18,70hp/tonne
Suspensiontorsion bar
Operational
range
500 km
Maximum speed 50 km/h off-road: 25 km/h

DescriptionEdit

The vehicle is based on the hull of the T-55 tank and answers the need for a heavy, well protected and well armed vehicle adapted to urban combat.[1] The need for a heavy IFV appeared after the First Chechen War during which APCs like the BTR-80 and BMP-2 were annihilated in urban areas at the hands of Chechen rebels using RPG shoulder-launched anti-tank weapons. Consequently, the design incorporates thicker armour, with built-in reactive armour. It also has heavier armament with sufficient elevation to engage targets in multi-story buildings.

DesignEdit

The choice of the T-55 hull rather than that of a more modern tank was decided as an efficiency measure and also probably to validate a conversion for the many T-55s in use around the world. It was influenced by Israel's IDF Achzarit that created virtually the same modifications in the 1980s. No export contracts have been signed.

ArmamentEdit

The turret can accommodate several weapon configurations:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.military-today.com/apc/btr_t.htm
  • BTR-T Heavy Armored Personnel Carrier