BTR (vehicle)


BTR (БТР), from Bronetransportyor/Bronetransporter (Russian: бронетранспортёр/Ukrainian: бронетранспортер; literally "armoured transporter"), is any of a series of Soviet or post-Soviet military armoured personnel carriers.

BTR-40 APC in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel, 2005
Russian BTR-T


Soviet UnionEdit

  • BTR-40 – Armored 4×4 truck (1950s) based on GAZ-63 four wheel drive truck.
    • BTR-40P – Another name for the BRDM-1.
    • BTR-40PB – Another name for the BRDM-2.
  • BTR-50 – Tracked APC (1954) based on the PT-76 amphibious light tank chassis.
  • BTR-60 – Eight-wheeled APC (1959).
  • BTR-70 – Eight-wheeled APC (1972).
  • BTR-80 – Eight-wheeled APC (1986).
  • BTR-152 – Armoured 6×6 truck (1950s) based on the ZIS-151, with later variants using the ZIL-157 truck.
  • BTR-DBronetransportyor, Desanta (Russian: Бронетранспортёр Десанта, literally "armored transporter of the Airborne"), stretched six-wheel transport variant[1][2] of the BMD-1 airborne IFV.[3][4]
  • BTR-MD "Rakushka" – APC variant of the BMD-3. Planned successor for the BTR-D.


  • BTR-90 – Russian eight-wheeled APC (1990s).
  • BTR-T – Russian tracked infantry fighting vehicle based on the T-55 chassis (1990s).


BTR-4 assigned to Ukrainian Armed Forces
  • BTR-3 – Ukrainian BTR-80 variant eight-wheeled APC (2000). It is manufactured by KMDB in Ukraine. The BTR-3 is an all-new production vehicle, rather than an upgrade of the existing in-service vehicle, such as the BTR-80.
  • BTR-4 – Another Ukrainian eight-wheeled APC (2006) with rear doors designed in Ukraine by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (SOE KMDB) as a private venture. The prototype was unveiled at the Aviasvit 2006 exhibition held in Ukraine in June 2006.
  • BTR-7 – an upgrade of the BTR-70.
  • BTR-94 – Ukrainian modification of the Soviet eight-wheeled BTR-80.


  1. ^ Federation of American Scientists – Military Analysis Network: BTR-D BMD M1979
  2. ^ Russian Military Analysis: BTR-D /RD/ ZD
  3. ^ Global Security: BMD-1
  4. ^ Federation of American Scientists – Military Analysis Network: BMD-1 Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle