Bactria (satrapy)


Bactria (Old Persian: 𐎲𐎠𐎧𐎫𐎼𐎡𐏁 Bāxtriš) was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. It was conquered between 545–540 BC by Cyrus the Great.[3]

Bactria (satrapy)
Eastern territories of the Achaemenid Empire, including Bactria.
Xerxes I tomb, Bactrian soldier circa 470 BC.
Representation of Bactria of the Egyptian Statue of Darius I.[1][2]

Bactria is attested in 520 BC at the Behistun inscription. Bactria was a special satrapy in that it was ruled by a crown prince or an intended heir. The capital of Bactria was Bactra, and the region also sometimes included Sogdia. During the reign of Darius the Great, the Bactrians and the Aeglians were placed in one tax district, which was supposed to pay 360 talents every year.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Susa, Statue of Darius - Livius".
  2. ^ Yar-Shater, Ehsan (1982). Encyclopaedia Iranica. Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 10. ISBN 9780933273955.
  3. ^ Olbrycht 2021, p. 45.
  4. ^ Bactria


  • Olbrycht, Marek Jan (2021). Early Arsakid Parthia (ca. 250-165 B.C.). Brill. ISBN 978-9004460751.