Baglan Bay

Summary

Baglan Bay (Welsh: Bae Baglan) is a part of the Swansea Bay coastline and a district of Neath Port Talbot county borough, Wales. Baglan Bay is also the name of a local government community. Baglan Bay is served by the M4 Motorway and the A48 road which traverse the northeastern edge of the area.

Baglan Bay from Mynydd Drumau

HistoryEdit

In the 19th century, coal, tinplate and pottery were exported from Baglan Pill.[1] In 1963 BP (trading as British Hydrocarbon Chemicals, Ltd.) opened petrochemical plants at Baglan Bay, partly to benefit from the proximity of the BP Oil Refinery at Llandarcy, which could supply feedstocks.

The plants produced 125,000 tons of petrochemicals during the first year of operation. The main products were ethylene (50-60,000 tons a year), ethylene dichloride (64,000 tons), propylene, butadiene (5000 tons), and isobutylene. Several other companies built chemical plants at Baglan Bay. Forth Chemicals (a joint subsidiary of Monsanto and BHC), had a styrene monomer plant within the BHC site. The petrochemicals complex produced alcohols, styrene, olefins, and benzene from the mid-1960s, and vinyl chloride monomer and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) from the early 1970s. By 1968, BP Baglan Bay was one of the largest petrochemical sites in Europe, employing 2500 workers at its peak in 1974. Other companies with plants at Baglan Bay included W. R. Grace (polybutenes) and Pfizer.[2] [3]

However, market changes led to the gradual closure of the facility between 1994 and 2004.[4] There were concerns about the incidence of cancer and mortality near the Baglan Bay petrochemical works.[5]

Baglan Energy ParkEdit

 
Baglan Bay power station

Following the final closure of BP's Baglan Bay plant in 2004, the site was re-developed by BP, the Welsh Development Agency (WDA) and Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. Baglan Bay power station, a 500 MW combined cycle gas turbine power plant operated by GE Power Systems was built and the remainder of the land was earmarked for a 180-acre (0.73 km2) business park, the Baglan Energy Park. Businesses locating at the park benefit from low cost electrical energy from the power station.[6] Several plots are now developed with tenants or with speculative office and industrial premises available to let. A paper mill, Intertissue, part of the Italian paper tissue manufacturing company Sofidel Group, was completed in September 2006. The Energy Park is also home to the Baglan Bay Innovation Center, the Sustainable Product Engineering Centre for Innovative Functional Industrial Coatings (SPECIFIC) project, Hi-Lex Cable System Ltd, Remploy Ltd, Montagne Jeunesse,[7] headquarters for Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, and headquarters for Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council's service response centre.[8]

New facilities are under construction for Shield Medicare Ltd (a subsidiary of US sanitation supply company Ecolab) and the University of Glamorgan’s Hydrogen research and demonstration centre.[9] Developer TCN UK is planning to develop a 57,000 sq ft (5,300 m2). development called The Exchange which is expected to provide office space for 400 workers.[10]

AwardsEdit

Baglan Energy Park won an award for best practice in regeneration at the British Urban Regeneration Association Awards (BURA) in December 2007,[11] and the Local Government Chronicle and Health Service Journal Sustainable Communities regeneration award in February 2008.[12]

PlansEdit

A wholly owned BP company, Abernedd Power Ltd, proposed a further two natural gas-fired power stations with a total generation capacity of 870 MW of electricity. The scheme reached the planning stage. Construction was due to start in 2010 to meet a projected shortfall in power generation capacity in the UK and Wales within the next 4 to 6 years. However, a revised plan for a smaller power station of 450 MW was approved. SSE now own the project and have submitted a variation to the plans to enable them to build an open cycle gas turbine power station.[13] St. Modwen Properties acquired 1,050 acres (4.2 km2) of BP-owned land in April 2009 with a view to developing the land for employment-led purposes.[14]Scottish and Southern Energy completed the acquisition of the Abernedd Power Company in May 2009 [1]

Nearest placesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press 2008
  2. ^ "Britain Gets New Petrochemicals Complex". Chem. Eng. News. 41, 43: 112–3. 28 October 1963.
  3. ^ Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. "W. R. Grace". Grace's Guide. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  4. ^ BP Closes Final Manufacturing Plant at Baglan Bay
  5. ^ Sans, Susana etc (1995). "Cancer incidence and mortality near the Baglan Bay petrochemical works, South Wales". Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 52: 217–224.
  6. ^ Baglan Energy Park[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Baglan Energy Park – Existing Businesses Archived 2007-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Press Releases – 26 April 2007 Archived 21 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Baglan Energy Park – Projects Under Construction Archived 2007-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ 400 job office development scheme for Port Talbot - Wales Online 5 August 2008
  11. ^ NPT CBC - Press Release - Baglan Energy Park scoops top Regeneration Award
  12. ^ NPT CBC - Press Release - Baglan Energy Park is leading the way in regeneration
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ WalesOnline - St Modwen to transform BP site at Baglan Bay

External linksEdit

  • Baglan Energy Park
  • Baglan Bay
  • www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Baglan Bay and surrounding area

Coordinates: 51°36′30″N 3°50′30″W / 51.60833°N 3.84167°W / 51.60833; -3.84167