Baltic region


The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries/states refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea, mainly in Northern and Eastern Europe.

Baltic Sea and surrounding countries


The first to name it the Baltic Sea (Latin: Mare Balticum) was 11th century German chronicler Adam of Bremen.


Depending on the context the Baltic Sea Region might stand for:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ State members of CBSS: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden.[7]


  1. ^ Republic of Estonia; Republic of Latvia; Republic of Lithuania (1994). Declaration on Unity and Co-operation by the Republic of Estonia, Republic of Latvia and Republic of Lithuania (PDF). Council of Baltic States. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  2. ^ Misiunas, Romuald J; Bater, James H (25 May 2006). "Baltic states". Encyclopædia Britannica (Online ed.). Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  3. ^ Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia. "Co-operation among the Baltic States". Republic of Latvia. Archived from the original on 4 September 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  4. ^ Republic of Estonia. "Baltic Cooperation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  5. ^ «The Baltic region includes the Baltic republics and the Kaliningrad region of the RSFSR "» — Baltic region in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978 (in Russian)
  6. ^ European Commission. "CBSS - Council of Baltic Sea States". European Union. Retrieved 2 June 2021. The Council of the Baltic Sea States is an overall political forum for regional inter-governmental cooperation. The Members of the Council are the eleven states of the Baltic Sea Region as well as the European Commission.
  7. ^ Council of the Baltic Sea States. "CBSS - About Us".
  8. ^ B7 Steering Committee (8 September 2004). "Charter of the B7" (PDF). B7 Baltic Islands Network. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  9. ^ Dunbar, Moira (2004). "Arctic: Geology". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  10. ^ Beckholmen, Monica; Tirén, Sven A (September 2008). "The geological history of the Baltic Sea: A review of the literature and investigation tools". Swedish Radiation Safety Authority - Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten. ISSN 2000-0456. Report number: 2009:21. Retrieved 30 June 2021.

Further readingEdit

  • Norbert Götz. "Spatial Politics and Fuzzy Regionalism: The Case of the Baltic Sea Area." Baltic Worlds 9 (2016) 3: 54–67.

External linksEdit

  • Council of the Baltic Sea States official website
  • The Baltic Sea Information Centre
  • EU Baltic Sea Region Strategy (EUSBSR) - a strategy aiming to accelerate the integration of the region
  • The Baltic University Programme - a university network focused on a sustainable development in the Baltic Sea region.
  • Baltic Sea Region Spatial Planning Initiative VASAB
  • Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007-2013
  • Vifanord – a digital library that provides scientific information on the Nordic and Baltic countries as well as the Baltic region as a whole.