Komuna e Tivarit
Bar Municipality in Montenegro
|• Total||598 km2 (231 sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+382 30|
|ISO 3166-2 code||ME-02|
Bar Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro. The center is Bar. The municipality is located at the Adriatic coast in the southeast Montenegro. According to the 2011 census, the city proper had 17,649 inhabitants, while the total population of Bar Municipality was 42,068.
Geography and tourism
Bar Municipality is located on the coastal western border of Montenegro on the shore of the Adriatic Sea. It is approximately 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro.To the east is the largest lake in the Balkans, Lake Skadar. To the west, across the sea, is Italy.
The natural area around City of Bar is mostly untouched and is rich in vegetation. The Bar municipality stretches to the southern shore of Skadar lake and encompasses Krajina region. This area is visited for its leisure activities and hiking. Smaller settlements near Bar, such as Dobra Voda, Sutomore and Čanj, are a destination for sunbathing, as they incorporate long sandy beaches.
Bar municipality has over 44 kilometres (27 miles) of sea coast. There are twenty beaches stretching over 9 kilometres (6 miles). In the north is Čanj, which has a 1,100-metre (3,600-foot) sandy beach. A boat takes tourists from Čanj to the Kraljičina Plaža (the Queen's beach). It lies below a natural wall of sedimentary rock. Further south is 300-metre-long (980-foot) Maljevik Beach. The beach at Sutomore, 1,200 metres (3,900 feet) long, has entertainments, activities and restaurants. Near the medieval monastery complex of Ratac is Crvena Plaža (the Red beach), named after the colour of its fine sand. The beach is surrounded by a pine forest and located about a hundred m from the main road to Bar. The Bar city beach is located in front of King Nikola I's palace. It is 750 metres (2,460 feet) long, part pebble and part sand. There are also beaches on the shore of Lake Skadar.
Flora and fauna
The coastal part of Bar supports maquis shrubland with oak, holm oak, laurel, myrtle, Spanish broom, oleander, hawthorn, sloe, thorn, butcher's broom and asparagus. To the north and the mountains, there are oak and beech forests. Citrus fruits including tangerine, orange and lemon grow in the Bar area as do pomegranates, olives, grapevines and figs. Ginkgo biloba grows in the park of King Nikola's palace.
Skadar Lake is rich in bird life including the pelican. Game animals are found in Ostros, Rumija, Lisinj, Sutorman and Sozina and include rabbit, badger, fox, wolf and boar. At the Bar sea shore one finds various kinds of shells, snails, echinodermata, cephalopoda and crayfish.
Bar Municipality administrative centre is City of Bar, municipality also includes the towns of Stari Bar, Virpazar, Šušanj, Čanj, Sutomore and other small coastal towns. A census in 2011 recorded 42,048 people in the Bar Municipality. Bar city had 17,727 inhabitants. Bar's population has been growing from 6,742 in 1981, to 10,971 in 1991, 13,719 in 2003 and 17,727 in 2011.
|Parties and coalitions||Seats||Gov't?|
|Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS)||15||Yes|
|Social Democrats (SD)||7||Yes|
|Independent List "I Choose Bar" - Radomir Novaković-Cakan||5||Yes|
|Democrats and United Reform Action Coalition||4||No|
|Social Democratic Party (SDP)||2||No|
|Democratic Front (DF) and Socialist People's Party (SNP)||2||No|
|Bosniak Party (BS)||1||Yes|
|True Montenegro (PCG)||1||No|
City of Bar, Montenegro
Rumija Mounthain and Skadar Lake
Town of Sutomore
Queen's Beach near Town of Čanj
- Opštine, MJU, Vlada Crne Gore
- Montenegro Google map accessed 23 October 2015.
- "2011 Montenegrin Census" (PDF) (in English and Montenegrin). Monsta. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- "Montenegrin 2011 census". Monstat. 2011.
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