Bar Municipality

Opština Bar
Општина Бар
Komuna e Tivarit
Coat of arms of Bar Municipality
Coat of arms
Bar Municipality in Montenegro
Bar Municipality in Montenegro
CountryMontenegro
SeatBar
Area
 • Total598 km2 (231 sq mi)
Postal code
85000
Area code(s)+382 30
ISO 3166-2 codeME-02
Car platesBR
ClimateCsa
Websitebar.me

Bar Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro. The center is Bar. The municipality is located at the Adriatic coast in the southeast Montenegro. According to the 2011 census, the city proper had 17,649 inhabitants, while the total population of Bar Municipality was 42,068.[1]

Geography and tourism

Bar Municipality is located on the coastal western border of Montenegro on the shore of the Adriatic Sea. It is approximately 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro.To the east is the largest lake in the Balkans, Lake Skadar. To the west, across the sea, is Italy.[2]

The natural area around City of Bar is mostly untouched and is rich in vegetation. The Bar municipality stretches to the southern shore of Skadar lake and encompasses Krajina region. This area is visited for its leisure activities and hiking. Smaller settlements near Bar, such as Dobra Voda, Sutomore and Čanj, are a destination for sunbathing, as they incorporate long sandy beaches.

Beaches

Bar municipality has over 44 kilometres (27 miles) of sea coast. There are twenty beaches stretching over 9 kilometres (6 miles). In the north is Čanj, which has a 1,100-metre (3,600-foot) sandy beach. A boat takes tourists from Čanj to the Kraljičina Plaža (the Queen's beach). It lies below a natural wall of sedimentary rock. Further south is 300-metre-long (980-foot) Maljevik Beach. The beach at Sutomore, 1,200 metres (3,900 feet) long, has entertainments, activities and restaurants. Near the medieval monastery complex of Ratac is Crvena Plaža (the Red beach), named after the colour of its fine sand. The beach is surrounded by a pine forest and located about a hundred m from the main road to Bar. The Bar city beach is located in front of King Nikola I's palace. It is 750 metres (2,460 feet) long, part pebble and part sand. There are also beaches on the shore of Lake Skadar.

Flora and fauna

The coastal part of Bar supports maquis shrubland with oak, holm oak, laurel, myrtle, Spanish broom, oleander, hawthorn, sloe, thorn, butcher's broom and asparagus. To the north and the mountains, there are oak and beech forests. Citrus fruits including tangerine, orange and lemon grow in the Bar area as do pomegranates, olives, grapevines and figs. Ginkgo biloba grows in the park of King Nikola's palace.

Skadar Lake is rich in bird life including the pelican. Game animals are found in Ostros, Rumija, Lisinj, Sutorman and Sozina and include rabbit, badger, fox, wolf and boar. At the Bar sea shore one finds various kinds of shells, snails, echinodermata, cephalopoda and crayfish.

Population

Bar Municipality administrative centre is City of Bar, municipality also includes the towns of Stari Bar, Virpazar, Šušanj, Čanj, Sutomore and other small coastal towns. A census in 2011 recorded 42,048 people in the Bar Municipality. Bar city had 17,727 inhabitants.[3] Bar's population has been growing from 6,742 in 1981, to 10,971 in 1991, 13,719 in 2003 and 17,727 in 2011.[4]

Local administration

Parties and coalitions Seats Gov't?
Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) 15 Yes
Social Democrats (SD) 7 Yes
Independent List "I Choose Bar" - Radomir Novaković-Cakan 5 Yes
Democrats and United Reform Action Coalition 4 No
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 2 No
Democratic Front (DF) and Socialist People's Party (SNP) 2 No
Bosniak Party (BS) 1 Yes
True Montenegro (PCG) 1 No

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Opštine, MJU, Vlada Crne Gore
  2. ^ Montenegro Google map accessed 23 October 2015.
  3. ^ "2011 Montenegrin Census" (PDF) (in English and Montenegrin). Monsta. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Montenegrin 2011 census". Monstat. 2011.