Battle of Jutland
Part of World War I
Map of the Battle of Jutland, 1916.svg
The Battle of Jutland, 1916
Date31 May – 1 June 1916
56°42′N 5°52′E / 56.700°N 5.867°E / 56.700; 5.867Coordinates: 56°42′N 5°52′E / 56.700°N 5.867°E / 56.700; 5.867
Result See Outcome section
 United Kingdom  Germany
Commanders and leaders
Casualties and losses
  • 6,094 killed
  • 674 wounded
  • 177 captured
  • 3 battlecruisers sunk
  • 3 armoured cruisers sunk
  • 8 destroyers sunk
  • (113,300 tons sunk)[1]
  • 2,551 killed
  • 507 wounded
  • 1 battlecruiser sunk
  • 1 pre-dreadnought sunk
  • 4 light cruisers sunk
  • 5 torpedo-boats sunk
  • (62,300 tons sunk)[1]

The Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht, the Battle of Skagerrak) was a naval battle fought between Britain's Royal Navy Grand Fleet, under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet, under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer, during the First World War. The battle unfolded in extensive manoeuvring and three main engagements (the battlecruiser action, the fleet action and the night action), from 31 May to 1 June 1916, off the North Sea coast of Denmark's Jutland Peninsula.[2] It was the largest naval battle and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. Jutland was the third fleet action between steel battleships, following the long range gunnery duel at the Yellow Sea (1904)[3][4] and the decisive Battle of Tsushima in 1905,[5] during the Russo-Japanese War. Jutland was the last major battle in world history fought primarily by battleships.[6]

Germany's High Seas Fleet intended to lure out, trap, and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, as the German naval force was insufficient to openly engage the entire British fleet. This formed part of a larger strategy to break the British blockade of Germany and to allow German naval vessels access to the Atlantic. Meanwhile, Great Britain's Royal Navy pursued a strategy of engaging and destroying the High Seas Fleet, thereby keeping German naval forces contained and away from Britain and her shipping lanes.[7]

The Germans planned to use Vice-Admiral Franz Hipper's fast scouting group of five modern battlecruisers to lure Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty's battlecruiser squadrons into the p