Battle of Sinhagad
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
Sinhagad.jpg
DateFebruary 4, 1670
Location
Result Maratha victory
Territorial
changes
Fort Kondhana captured by Marathas and renamed Sinhagad
Belligerents
Maratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Tanaji Malusare  †
Suryaji Malusare
Shelar Mama
Uday Bhan  †

The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Details

The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, a Koli[1] commander of Maratha ruler Shivaji Maharaj [2] and Udaybhan Rathod, fortkeeper under Jai Singh I who was a Mughal Army Chief.

A steep cliff leading to the fort was scaled at night with the help of a tamed monitor lizard named "Yashwanti", to whom the Marathas attached a rope and sent to scale the wall with its claws.[3] Thereafter, a battle ensued between Tanaji and his men versus the Mughal army headed by Udaybhan Singh Rathod, a Rajput sardar who had control of the fort. Tanaji Malusare lost his life, but his brother Suryaji took over and captured the Kondana fort, now known as Sinhagad.[4]

A bust of Tanaji Malusare was established on the fort in the memory of his contribution to the battle.[5]

When Tanaji Malusare was found dead Shivaji Maharaj famously said "gad alaa pan sinha gelaa" which translates to "the fort is captured but the lion (Tanaji Malusare) has died." Shivaji renamed the fort from Kondhana fort to Sinhagad.

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Hardiman, David (2007). Histories for the Subordinated. Seagull Books. ISBN 9781905422388.
  2. ^ Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 79.
  3. ^ The Dawn and Dawn Society's Magazine. 1907. pp. 1–.
  4. ^ Sudheer Birodkar. "Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the National Revival under the Marathas". hindubooks.org. Archived from the original on 2000-09-30. Retrieved 2009-02-12.
  5. ^ Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 83–86. ISBN 81-230-1002-8.
Sources
  • Sinhgad: The Astonishing Escalade of Tanaji and His 300 Marathas