Battle of Sinhagad
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
Date4 February 1670
Result Maratha victory
Fort Kondhana captured by Marathas
Maratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Tanaji Malusare  †
Suryaji Malusare
Shelar Mama
Uday Bhan Singh Rathore  †

300 led by Tanaji Malusare
200 led by Suryaji Malusare
500 Reserves

Total: 1,000 Mawalas[1]
Casualties and losses
300–400 killed or wounded[1]

500 killed or wounded[1]
Few surrendered

Hundreds killed or wounded while escaping over steep rocks[1]

The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad (then known as Kondhana after the sage Kaundinya[2]), near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India.[3]

The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, a Koli[4] Commander of Maratha Empire under Shivaji[5] and Udaybhan Singh Rathore, a Rajput fortkeeper under Jai Singh I.

During the siege, Malusare scaled a steep cliff that led to the fort through the assistance of a monitor lizard called Yashwanti (also referred to as ghorpad in marathi).[6] This type of lizard was tamed since the 15th century and Yashwanti was trained to pull Malusare up the fort's wall.[7] He was, however, killed in the battle but his forces captured the fort.

A bust of Tanaji Malusare was established on the fort in the memory of his contribution to the battle.[8] The fort was also renamed Sinhagad to honor his memory.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e History Of Mahrattas. H. Milford, Oxford University Press. 1826.
  2. ^ a b Meena, R. P. India Current Affairs Yearbook 2020: For UPSC, State PSC & Other Competitive exams. New Era Publication.
  3. ^ Sorokhaibam, Jeneet (1 January 2013). Chhatrapati Shivaji: The Maratha Warrior and His Campaign. New Delhi: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. p. 185. ISBN 978-93-82573-49-4.
  4. ^ Hardiman, David (2007). Histories for the Subordinated. Seagull Books. ISBN 9781905422388.
  5. ^ Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780521033169.
  6. ^ Kale, Rohit (2018). Rajwata: Aavishkar Gad Killayacha. FSP Media Publications.
  7. ^ Sehgal, Supriya (2019). A Tigress Called Machhli and Other True Animal Stories from India. Hachette India. ISBN 978-93-88322-16-4.
  8. ^ Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 83–86. ISBN 81-230-1002-8.