Battle of Sinhagad
Part of Imperial Maratha Conquests
Sinhagad.jpg
Date4 February 1670
Location
Result Maratha victory
Territorial
changes
Fort Kondhana captured by Marathas
Belligerents
Maratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Tanaji Malusare  †
Suryaji Malusare
Shelar Mama
Uday Bhan Singh Rathore  †
Strength

300 led by Tanaji Malusare
200 led by Suryaji Malusare
500 Reserves

Total: 1,000 Mawalas[1]
1,000–1,400[1]
Casualties and losses
300–400 killed or wounded[1]

500 killed or wounded[1]
Few surrendered

Hundreds killed or wounded while escaping over steep rocks[1]

The Battle of Sinhagad took place during the night on 4 February 1670 on the fort of Sinhagad (then known as Kondhana after the sage Kaundinya[2]), near the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India.[3]

The battle was fought between Tanaji Malusare, a Koli[4] Commander of Maratha Empire under Shivaji[5] and Udaybhan Singh Rathore, a Rajput fortkeeper under Jai Singh I.

During the siege, Malusare scaled a steep cliff that led to the fort through the assistance of a monitor lizard called Yashwanti (also referred to as ghorpad in marathi).[6] This type of lizard was tamed since the 15th century and Yashwanti was trained to pull Malusare up the fort's wall.[7] He was, however, killed in the battle but his forces captured the fort.

A bust of Tanaji Malusare was established on the fort in the memory of his contribution to the battle.[8] The fort was also renamed Sinhagad to honor his memory.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e History Of Mahrattas. H. Milford, Oxford University Press. 1826.
  2. ^ a b Meena, R. P. India Current Affairs Yearbook 2020: For UPSC, State PSC & Other Competitive exams. New Era Publication.
  3. ^ Sorokhaibam, Jeneet (1 January 2013). Chhatrapati Shivaji: The Maratha Warrior and His Campaign. New Delhi: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. p. 185. ISBN 978-93-82573-49-4.
  4. ^ Hardiman, David (2007). Histories for the Subordinated. Seagull Books. ISBN 9781905422388.
  5. ^ Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780521033169.
  6. ^ Kale, Rohit (2018). Rajwata: Aavishkar Gad Killayacha. FSP Media Publications.
  7. ^ Sehgal, Supriya (2019). A Tigress Called Machhli and Other True Animal Stories from India. Hachette India. ISBN 978-93-88322-16-4.
  8. ^ Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 83–86. ISBN 81-230-1002-8.