Be'er Tuvia

Summary

Be'er Tuvia (Hebrew: בְּאֵר טוֹבִיָּה, Be'er Toviya, "Tuvia's Well") is a moshav in the Southern District of Israel. Located near the city of Kiryat Malakhi, it falls under the jurisdiction of Be'er Tuvia Regional Council. In 2019 its population was 1,289.[1]

Be'er Tuvia
בְּאֵר טוֹבִיָּה
بئر طوفيا
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • standardBe'er Tuviya
Beer-Tuvia-80511.jpg
Be'er Tuvia is located in Ashkelon region of Israel
Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia is located in Israel
Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia
Coordinates: 31°44′10″N 34°43′26″E / 31.73611°N 34.72389°E / 31.73611; 34.72389Coordinates: 31°44′10″N 34°43′26″E / 31.73611°N 34.72389°E / 31.73611; 34.72389
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
CouncilBe'er Tuvia
AffiliationMoshav Movement
Founded1888
Founded byYisrael Hochman and other Zionists
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,289

HistoryEdit

In 1887, a group of First Aliyah pioneers from Bessarabia founded a moshava, which they named Qastina, after the neighboring Palestinian village of the same name. Although supported by Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the moshava did not prosper due to lack of water, distance from other Jewish centers, attacks by neighboring Arab villagers and strained relations between the settlers and the Baron's administration.[2]

In 1896, the association of Hovevei Zion in Odessa purchased the land and new settlers came. Qastina was renamed Be'er Tuvia - an adaptation of the site's Arabic name, "Bir Ta'abya".[2] In 1910, the moshava again faced financial collapse and some members approached the Jewish National Fund with a proposal that it buy the land and houses. The JNF agreed, but due to disagreement with Hovevei Zion this never happened. Instead, the JNF compensated farmers who left Be'er Tuvia and in 1913 brought farmers from Hulda to replace them. Within a short time, the moshava's situation was much improved.[3]

According to the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Be'er Tuvia had a population of 112 inhabitants, all Jews.[4]

The moshava was practically destroyed during the 1929 Palestine riots and had to be abandoned.[2]

In 1930, it was founded anew as moshav by veterans of the Jewish Legion and kibbutzniks, mostly members of Kfar Giladi and Merhavia. By the time of the 1931 census, there were 62 occupied houses and a population of 206 Jews, 4 Christians and 2 Muslims.[5] After water was discovered, Be'er Tuviya became one of the most prosperous moshavim in the country.[citation needed] During the Second World War, many of the moshav members joined the Jewish Brigade of the British Army.[citation needed] Among them was Israel Tal.[6]

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the moshav was used by the Israel Defense Forces as a base for the troops fighting Egypt in the Negev.[7]

By 1990s the moshav economy was mainly based on citrus and intensive farming.[2] Ben & Jerry's also manufactures ice cream at this location and their only factory in the Middle East.[8]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Be'er Tuvia (Toviyyah) Moshav on the southern Coastal Plain of Israel". Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
  3. ^ Zvi Shilony (1998). Ideology and Settlement; The Jewish National Fund, 1897-1914. The Magnes Press. pp. 311–312.
  4. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 8
  5. ^ Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem, 1932, p. 2.
  6. ^ a b Major General Israel Tal obituary, The Guardian, September 20, 2010
  7. ^ "Be'er Tuvia". The Israeli Labor Movement (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  8. ^ Krueger, Hanna (2021-07-15). "It's been nearly two months since Ben & Jerry's posted on social media. Here's how its silence may be tied to the Middle East". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2021-07-16.