Beipiaognathus

Summary

Beipiaognathus
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 125–121 Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Family: Compsognathidae
Genus: Beipiaognathus
Hu et al., 2016
Species:
B. jii
Binomial name
Beipiaognathus jii
Hu et al., 2016

"Beipiaognathus" (meaning Beipiao jaw) is a dubious genus of coelurosaurian theropod from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning, China.[1]

The genus was initially assigned to the Compsognathidae based on the presence of two traits: fan-shaped dorsal neural spines and a robust I-1 phalanx on the hand.[1] However, it also differs from other compsognathids in several ways: the teeth are unserrated and conical; the ulna is proportionally longer; the II-1 phalanx on the hand is longer and more robust; and the tail is much shorter.[1]

However, Andrea Cau informally noted a number of points in the fossil that are indicative of it having been artificially assembled, thus rendering the specimen a phylogenetically uninformative chimaera. Additionally, he argued that the characters cited are not unique to compsognathids, with fan-shaped neural spines being also seen in ornithomimosaurs and the troodontid Sinovenator, and the robust I-1 phalanx also being seen in alvarezsaurids. The chimeric status of "Beipiaognathus" was noted in the literature for the first time by Xing et al. in 2020, in their description of Xunmenglong.[2][3]

References

  1. ^ a b c Hu, Y; Wang, X; Huang, J (2016). "A new species of compsognathid from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Western Liaoning, China". Journal of Geology. 40: 191–196.
  2. ^ Xing, L.; Miyashita, T.; Wang, D.; Niu, K.; Currie, P.J. (2020). "A new compsognathid theropod dinosaur from the oldest assemblage of the Jehol Biota in the Lower Cretaceous Huajiying Formation, northeastern China". Cretaceous Research. 107: 104285. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104285.
  3. ^ Cau, A. (August 29, 2016). "Lo status (pale)ontologico di Beipiaognathus". Theropoda (in Italian). Retrieved November 27, 2020.