Beit Zayit

Summary

Beit Zayit (Hebrew: בֵּית זַיִת, lit. House of Olives) is a moshav in Israel. Located just outside the Jerusalem municipal border to the west, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 1,708.[1]

Beit Zayit
בֵּית זַיִת
بيت زايت
Beit Zayit.jpg
Etymology: House of Olives
Beit Zayit is located in Jerusalem
Beit Zayit
Beit Zayit
Beit Zayit is located in Israel
Beit Zayit
Beit Zayit
Coordinates: 31°46′58″N 35°9′34″E / 31.78278°N 35.15944°E / 31.78278; 35.15944Coordinates: 31°46′58″N 35°9′34″E / 31.78278°N 35.15944°E / 31.78278; 35.15944
Country Israel
DistrictJerusalem
CouncilMateh Yehuda
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1949
Founded byEgyptian, Romania and Yugoslav Jews
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,708
Websitewww.beit-zait.org
Beit Zayit
Beit Zayit Reservoir and Moshav Beit Zayit behind it
Beit Zayit reservoir

Beit Zayit lies on the edge of the Jerusalem Forest and operates a public swimming pool. Nearby is the Ein Kerem dam, built to store winter flood waters.[2]

HistoryEdit

A village named Beit Zayit is mentioned in the book of the Maccabees, but it is believed to have been further north, possibly at the site of the Palestinian Christian town of Bir Zeit, north of Ramallah.[2] Beit Zayit was established on land that had belonged to the depopulated Palestinian village of 'Ayn Karim.[3]

The village was established in 1949 by Jewish immigrants from Egypt, Romania and Yugoslavia. The economy was based on fruit orchards, vegetables, poultry, and other farm products.[2]

With the expansion of the moshav in the late 1990s, including the purchase of land by newcomers and renovation of old homes, Beit Zayit became a trendy alternative to living in Jerusalem.[4]

Dinosaur footprintsEdit

In 1962, dinosaur footprints were discovered in the garden of one of Beit Zayit's residents, and are on display at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[5] This is the only place in Israel where evidence of dinosaurs was discovered, and one of few such sites in the Middle East.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Bard, Mitchell G. (2016). "Bet Zayit". Jewish Virtual Library. American–Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  3. ^ Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 273. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  4. ^ Steinberg, Jessica (2 January 2009). "Posh Israeli suburb grows out of a farming co-op". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  5. ^ Sofer, Barbara (1995). Kids Love Israel, Israel Loves Kids: A Travel Guide for Families. Kar-Ben Publishing. p. 103. ISBN 9780929371894.
  6. ^ Feinberg Vamosh, Miriam (16 September 2013). "Way Before the Flood: Dinosaur Tracks by Jerusalem". Haaretz. Retrieved 2 May 2019.

External linksEdit

  • Village website (in Hebrew)