Bilabial ejective stop

Summary

The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩.

Bilabial ejective stop
IPA Number101 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal)p​ʼ
Unicode (hex)U+0070 U+02BC
X-SAMPAp_>
Braille⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
Audio sample
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FeaturesEdit

Features of the bilabial ejective:

OccurrenceEdit

In addition to the languages listed below, this sound is also a common phonological feature of the Ethiopian Linguistic Area, especially Ethiopian Semitic languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe пӏакӏэ/  [pʼaːt͡ʃʼa]  'thin'
Amharic ጴጥሮስ/p̣iéṭros [pʼetʼros] 'Peter'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] պոչ/pochʿ [pʼotʃʰ] 'tail' Corresponds to tenuis [p⁼] in other Eastern dialects
Chechen пӏелг/elg [pʼelɡ] 'finger'
Ganza[2]: 95  [pʼá̰bḭ́] 'gathering'
Georgian ელა/pepela [pʼɛpʼɛlɑ] 'butterfly'
Hadza bbu [ɦuːpʼu] 'to lift something heavy' (mimetic)
Haida ttappad [tʼapʼat] 'to break' (mimetic)
Halkomelem əq̓ [pʼəqʼ] 'white'
Kabardian цӏапӏэ/claplè  [t͡sʼaːpʼa]  'mean'
Nez Perce p’íłin [ˈpʼiɬin] 'hole'
Ossetian Iron пъовыр/phovyr [ˈpʼovɪ̈r] 'cook'
Quechua p’acha [pʼat͡ʃa] 'clothes'
Ubykh wıp'ts'e [wɨpʼtsʼɜ] 'your name' See Ubykh phonology
Yurok[3] kaap' [kaːpʼ] 'leaves'

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. ^ Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  3. ^ "Yurok consonants". Yurok Language Project. UC Berkeley. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2021-04-17.

ReferencesEdit

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company

External linksEdit

  • List of languages with [pʼ] on PHOIBLE