Bion-M No.2


Bion-M No. 2
Mission typeBiological research
OperatorInstitute of Biomedical Problems
Russian Academy of Sciences
Mission duration6 months (planned)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftBion-M No.2
Spacecraft typeBion
BusZenit (bus)
Yantar (propulsion) [1]
ManufacturerTsSKB Progress
Launch mass6,300 kg (13,900 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateApril 2023 (planned)
RocketSoyuz 2.1b
Launch siteBaikonur
ContractorProgress Rocket Space Centre
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee altitude1,000 km (620 mi)
Apogee altitude1,000 km (620 mi)
Bion-M No.3 →

Bion-M No.2 (Бион-М) is a Russian space mission, part of the Bion programme focused on space medicine. The new generation Bion-M continues the Soviet/Russian satellite programme aimed at biological research in space. The most recent spacecraft of the series, Bion-M No.1, was launched in 2013. The Bion-M spacecraft is designed to carry biological, physiological and biotechnological experiments to low Earth orbit and return them to Earth at the end of the mission.[2]

Satellite description

The satellite has components from two long-standing Soviet spy satellite families. Bion's landing unit is from the Zenit 2M satellite and the satellite also carries an instrument section developed for the Yantar satellite. The satellite was made by TsSKB Progress of Samara, Russia.[1]


The animal-carrying space capsule will be launched into orbit in April 2023, by a Soyuz-2.1b launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Christy, Robert. "2013 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond". Zarya. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Bion-M No.1 2013-015A". NASA. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Космический аппарат "Бион-М" No.1 успешно выведен на орбиту (in Russian). Roscosmos. 19 April 2013. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.