Birmingham New Street railway station


Birmingham New Street, also known as New Street station, is the largest and busiest of the three main railway stations in Birmingham city centre, England, and a central hub of the British railway system. It is a major destination for Avanti West Coast services from London Euston, Preston, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley and West Midlands Trains services from Liverpool Lime Street and London Euston both via the West Coast Main Line. The CrossCountry network centres on New Street, as well as local and suburban services within the West Midlands; these include those on the Cross-City Line between Lichfield Trent Valley, Redditch and Bromsgrove, and the Chase Line to Walsall and Rugeley Trent Valley. The three-letter station code is BHM.[2]

Birmingham New Street
National Rail Midland Metro
The east end of the station, with the newly rebuilt and refurbished building which opened in 2015.
General information
LocationBirmingham, West Midlands
Coordinates52°28′40″N 1°53′56″W / 52.47777°N 1.89885°W / 52.47777; -1.89885
Grid referenceSP069866
Managed byNetwork Rail
Transit authorityTransport for West Midlands[1]
Platforms13 (including 4C)
Other information
Station codeBHM
Fare zone1
ClassificationDfT category A
Original companyLondon & North Western Railway
Key dates
1 June 1854First opened
8 February 1885Extension opened
2018/19Increase 47.926 million
 Interchange Increase 7.074 million
2019/20Decrease 46.511 million
 Interchange Decrease 6.994 million
2020/21Decrease 7.351 million
 Interchange Decrease 1.024 million
2021/22Increase 22.683 million
 Interchange Increase 3.509 million
2022/23Increase 30.726 million
 Interchange Increase 4.328 million
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

The station is named after New Street, which runs parallel to the station, although the station has never had a direct entrance from New Street except via the Grand Central shopping centre. Historically, the main entrance to the station was on Stephenson Street, just off New Street. As of 2022, the station has entrances on Stephenson Street, Smallbrook Queensway, Hill Street and Navigation Street.

New Street is the eleventh busiest railway station in the UK and the busiest outside London, with 30.7 million passenger entries and exits between April 2022 and March 2023. It is also the busiest interchange station outside London, with over 4 million passengers changing trains at the station annually. In 2018, New Street had a passenger satisfaction rating of 92%, the third highest in the UK.[3]

The original New Street station opened in 1854. At the time of its construction, the station had the largest single-span arched roof in the world.[4] In the 1960s, the station was completely rebuilt. An enclosed station, with buildings over most of its span and passenger numbers more than twice those it was designed for, the replacement was not popular with its users. A £550m redevelopment of the station named Gateway Plus opened in September 2015; it includes a new concourse, a new exterior facade and a new entrance on Stephenson Street.[5]



The first railway stations

1839 map, showing the warren of streets lost to the new station, including Peck Lane, New Inkleys and Dudley Street (note that North is not at the top of the map)

New Street station was built in central Birmingham by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) between 1846 and 1854, on the site of several streets in a marshy area known as "The Froggery"; it replaced several earlier rail termini on the outskirts of the centre, most notably Curzon Street, which had opened in 1838 and was no longer adequate for the level of traffic.[6] Samuel Carter, solicitor to both LNWR and the Midland Railway, managed the conveyancing.

The LNWR originally shared the station with the Midland Railway; however, in 1885, the Midland Railway opened its own extension alongside the original station for the exclusive use of its trains, effectively creating two stations side by side. The two companies' stations were separated by a central roadway, Queens Drive. [6] Traffic grew steadily and, by 1900, New Street had an average of 40 trains an hour departing and arriving, rising to 53 trains in the peak hours.[7]

Early 20th century photo taken from the west, showing the LNWR station (left) and the Midland station (right) with the Queens Drive between them

Original LNWR station

London and Birmingham Railway (New Street Station) Act 1846
Act of Parliament
Long titleAn Act for making a Railway from the London and Birmingham Railway to or near to Navigation Street within the Borough of Birmingham.
Citation9 & 10 Vict. c. ccclix
Royal assent7 August 1846
Text of statute as originally enacted
Birmingham New Street station as pictured in the Illustrated London News on 3 June 1854

In 1846, the LNWR had obtained an act of Parliament (9 & 10 Vict. c. ccclix) to extend their line into the centre of Birmingham, which involved the acquisition of some 1.2 hectares (3 acres) of land and the demolition of around 70 houses in Peck Lane, The Froggery, Queen Street and Colmore Street.[8] The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion chapel, on the corner of Peck Lane and Dudley Street, which had only been built six years before,[9] was also demolished.[10] The station was formally opened on 1 June 1854,[11] although the uncompleted station had already been in use for two years as a terminus for trains from the Stour Valley Line, which entered the station from the Wolverhampton direction. On the formal opening day, the LNWR's Curzon Street station was closed to regular passenger services and trains from the London direction started using New Street.[6]

The station was constructed by Messrs. Fox, Henderson & Co. and designed by Edward Alfred Cowper of that firm, who had previously worked on the design of the Crystal Palace. When completed, New Street had the largest arched single-span iron and glass roof in the world, spanning a width of 211 feet (64 m) and being 840 ft (256 m) long.[6][11] It held this title for 14 years until St Pancras station opened in 1868. It was originally intended to have three spans, supported by columns; however, it was soon realised that the supporting columns would severely restrict the workings of the railway. Cowper's single-span design, was therefore adopted, even though it was some 62 feet (19 metres) wider than the widest roof span at that time.[12][13] George Gilbert Scott praised Cowper's roof at New Street, stating "An iron roof in its most normal condition is too spider-like a structure to be handsome, but with a very little attention this defect is obviated. The most wonderful specimen, probably, is that at the great Birmingham Station…"[14] When first opened, New Street was described as the "Grand Central Station at Birmingham" by Richard Foster.[15]

The internal layout of tracks and platforms was designed by Robert Stephenson and his assistants; the station contained a total of nine platforms, comprising four through and five bay platforms.[6] The main entrance building on Stephenson Street incorporated Queens Hotel, designed by John William Livock, which was opened on the same day. It was built in an Italianate style and was originally provided with 60 rooms. The hotel was expanded several times over the years and reached its final form in 1917, with the addition of a new west wing.[11][16] The scale of the station at this time was documented in the station's entry in the 1863 edition of Bradshaw's Guide:[17]

The interior of this station deserves attention from its magnitude. The semicircular roof is 1,110 feet long, 205 feet wide and 80 feet high, composed of iron and glass, without the slightest support except that afforded by the pillars on either side. If the reader notices the turmoil and bustle created by the excitement of the arrival and departure of trains, the trampling of crowds of passengers, the transport of luggage, the ringing of bells and the noise of two or three hundred porters and workmen, he will retain a recollection of the extraordinary scene witnessed daily at Birmingham Central Railway Station.

The roof of the original station was strengthened with additional steel tie bars during 1906–07, as a precaution following the collapse of a similar roof which killed six people at Charing Cross station in 1905.[18]

Midland Railway extension

Midland Railway's extension of New Street station, in 1885

Midland Railway trains that had used Curzon Street began to use New Street from 1854; however, its use by the Midland Railway was limited by the fact that those trains going between Derby and Bristol would have to reverse, so many trains bypassed New Street and ran through Camp Hill. This was remedied in 1885, when a new link to the south, the Birmingham West Suburban Railway, was extended into New Street, which allowed through trains to and from the south-west to run via New Street without reversing.[19]

Aerial view of New Street from the early 20th century, showing the LNWR station (top) and the Midland station (bottom) side by side, with Queens Drive between them

To cope with the increase in traffic that this would bring, the station required an extension, the construction of which began in 1881. A number of buildings, mostly along Dudley Street, were demolished to make room for it, including a number of cottages, some business premises and a small church.[6] Built immediately to the south of the original station, the extension contained four through platforms and one bay.[20] It consisted of a trainshed with a glass and steel roof comprising two trussed arches, 58 ft (18 m) wide by 620 ft (189 m) long, and 67 ft 6 in (21 m) wide by 600 ft (183 m) long. It was designed by Francis Stevenson, chief engineer to the LNWR.[11] The extension was opened on 8 February 1885.[11] On completion, New Street had nearly doubled in size and became one of the largest stations in Britain, covering an area of over twelve acres (4.9 ha).[16]

In early 1885, the number of daily users of the station was surveyed. On a Thursday, the number was 22,452 and on a Saturday it was 25,334.[21]

Initially, the extension was used by both the LNWR and Midland Railway but, from 1889, it was only used by Midland Railway trains.[22] It was separated from the original LNWR trainshed by Queens Drive, which became a central carriageway, but the two were linked by a footbridge which ran over Queens Drive and across the entire width of both the LNWR and Midland stations.[23] Queens Drive was lost in the 1960s rebuild, but the name was later carried by a new driveway, which served the car park and a tower block, and is the access route for the station's taxis.

On 1 February 1910, the LNWR introduced a "City to City" service between New Street and Broad Street, in the City of London. The service only lasted for five years, before being withdrawn on 22 February 1915, as a result of the First World War.[24]

LMS and British Rail

Image from 1956 of the station following the removal of the overall roof

In 1923, the LNWR and Midland Railway, with others, were grouped into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) by the Railways Act 1921. In 1948, the railways were nationalised and came under the control of British Railways.

During the Second World War, Cowper's roof sustained extensive bomb damage as a result of air raids during the Birmingham Blitz. After the war, the remains of the roof were dismantled after being deemed beyond economic repair. It was replaced with austere canopies over the platforms, made from surplus war materials, which remained in use until the station was rebuilt in the 1960s.[25][26][6]

1960s rebuild


The station was completely rebuilt in the 1960s, as part of the modernisation programme for the West Coast Main Line. Demolition of the old station and Queens Hotel began in 1964 and was not completed until 1966.[27] The rebuilt New Street station was opened on 6 March 1967 to coincide with the introduction of electric expresses on the West Coast Main Line. It cost £4.5 million to build (equivalent to £103,170,000 in 2023).[28][29]

Approach tracks, platforms and exterior of 1960s New Street from the east, seen in 2010

The new station was designed by Kenneth J. Davies, lead planner for British Rail London Midland Region.[30] Twelve through platforms replaced the eight through and six bay platforms of the previous station.[28] The platforms were covered over by a seven-acre (2.8 ha) concrete deck, supported by 200 columns, upon which the concourse and other buildings were constructed. Escalators, stairs and lifts were provided to reach the platforms from the concourse. The new station had sold its air rights, leading to the construction of the Pallasades Shopping Centre (then known as the Birmingham Shopping Centre) above the station between 1968 and 1970.[16][30][31] The public right of way across the station, which had previously been maintained by the station footbridge, was retained in the new station via a winding route through the shopping centre.[32] The station and the Pallasades were partly integrated with the Bullring Shopping Centre via elevated walkways above Smallbrook Queensway.

Also above the station was a nine-storey office block called Ladywood House,[33] and a multi-storey car park dating from the 1970s. The car park closed in May 2012; it was demolished to provide space for the new concourse and was rebuilt.[34] Stephenson Tower, a 20-storey residential tower block, was built alongside the station between 1965 and 1966.[35] The tower, designed by the City Architect of Birmingham, was demolished in March 2012 as part of the station redevelopment.[36]

In 1987, twelve different horse sculptures by Kevin Atherton, titled Iron Horse, were erected between New Street station and Wolverhampton at a cost of £12,000.[37][38] One stands on platform 7 at New Street.[39]

Due to its enclosed sub-surface platforms, New Street was designated as an underground station by the fire service. In the 1990s, a number of changes had to be made to the station in order to comply with stricter fire regulations, introduced for underground stations as a result of the 1987 King's Cross fire. In 1993, a new enclosed footbridge was opened at the Wolverhampton end of the station, with access to the platforms separate from the main building; this was built primarily as a fire exit, but the new exit from the station into Navigation Street was opened to the public. All wooden fittings were removed from the platforms and new fire doors were also installed at the foot of the stairs and elevators on the platforms.[32]

By the 2000s, the station was unpopular with its users. In a 2007 survey, it scored a customer satisfaction rate of only 52%, the joint lowest of any Network Rail major stations along with Liverpool Lime Street and East Croydon.[40] The station had become inadequate for the level of traffic with which it was dealing; it had been designed with capacity for 650 trains and 60,000 passengers per day. In 2008, there were 1,350 trains and over 120,000 passengers per day.[41][4] By 2013, it was 140,000 passengers per day.[42] This made overcrowding and closures on safety grounds more common.[43] Furthermore, the 1960s concrete architecture and enclosed design was widely criticised on aesthetic grounds.[44] In November 2003, the station was voted the second biggest "eyesore" in the UK by readers of Country Life magazine.[45] In books on railway station architecture, it was described by Steven Parissien as a "depressing underground bunker" and by Simon Jenkins as "hideous".[46]

New Street signal box

New Street signal box


The power signal box at New Street was completed in 1964 on the site of the former turntable, housing the Westpac Geographical Interlocking & Signalmens push button control panel (the largest relay interlocking in the world when installed) and also the Railway Telephone Exchange.[11] It is a brutalist building with corrugated concrete architecture, designed by John Bicknell and Paul Hamilton in collaboration with William Robert Headley, the regional architect for British Railways London Midland Region.[47] The eight-level structure with five main storeys, including track & street levels and cable chamber below track level, is at the side of the tracks connected to Navigation Street. As of 2020, it is a Grade II-listed building.[48][49] Until recently, two small sidings (nos. 2 & 3 Engine Sidings) were located in front of the signal box which were used for stabling electric locomotives in connection with locomotive changes from diesel to electric traction on XC services heading north. As they are no longer needed, these have now been removed in connection with the ongoing resignalling project for the station area. No. 1 Engine Siding was located at the north end, between platforms 4 and 5, and was lengthened some years ago to form platform 4C.

Don's Miniature New Street


A Sutton Coldfield model railway enthusiast, Don Jones, built a scale model of the entire 1960s station and surrounding buildings including the Rotunda, the old Head Post Office and the signal box, at OO scale; open days were held to raise funds for local charities.[50][51] Private visits were held for Robert Redford and King Hussein of Jordan and locomotive owner Jeremy Hosking visited whilst a pupil at Rugby School.[51]

2010–2015 redevelopment

The new eastern entrance to the station

As a result of the problems with the existing station, proposals to redevelop the station gained traction in the mid-2000s. A feasibility study was approved in January 2005. Designs were shown to the public in February 2006 for a new Birmingham New Street Station, in a project known as Gateway Plus.[52] A regeneration scheme was launched in 2006[53] and evolved through names such as Birmingham Gateway, Gateway Plus and New Street Gateway. The scheme proposed complete rebuilding of the street-level buildings and refurbishment of the platforms by 2013, with track and platform level remaining essentially unchanged.

The approved planning application of August 2006 showed a glass facade with rounded edges. The entrance on Station Street originally included two curved 130 metres (427 ft) tall towers on the site of Stephenson Tower. Due to the economic slowdown, the "twin towers" plan was shelved.[54]

The new concourse opened in 2015.

In February 2008, the Secretary of State for Transport, Ruth Kelly, announced that the Department for Transport would provide £160 million in addition to £128 million through the government white paper Delivering a Sustainable Railway.[55] A further £100 million came from the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and channelled through Advantage West Midlands, the regional development agency. The announcement brought total government spending on the project to £388 million.[56] After earlier proposals were discarded, six architects were shortlisted to design the new station following a call for submissions [57] and it was announced, in September 2008, that the design by Foreign Office Architects had been chosen.[58]

The new roof seen from above

The approved plans for the redevelopment included:[59]

  • A new concourse three-and-a-half times larger than the 1960s concourse, with a domed atrium at the centre to let in natural light.
  • Refurbished platforms reached by new escalators and lifts.
  • A new station facade and new entrances.

The fact that the proposed Gateway development would leave the railway capacity of the station more or less unaltered has not escaped attention. In July 2008, the House of Commons Transport Committee criticised the plans; it was not convinced they were adequate for the number of trains which could use the station. It said if the station could not be adapted, then the government needed to look for alternative solutions which potentially included a completely new station in the city.[60]

Work began on the redevelopment on 26 April 2010.[61] Construction was completed in phases to minimise disruption. On 28 April 2013, one half of the new concourse was opened to the public and the old 1960s concourse was closed for redevelopment, along with the old entrances.[62] The complete concourse opened on 20 September 2015, the Grand Central shopping centre four days later.[63][64] The refurbished Pallasades Shopping Centre was renamed Grand Central and included a John Lewis department store.[65] During heavy winds on 30 December 2015, several roof tiles blew off, landing in the adjacent Station Street, which was therefore closed by the police as a precautionary measure.[66]



Around 80% of train services to Birmingham go through New Street.[11] The other major city-centre stations in Birmingham are Birmingham Moor Street and Birmingham Snow Hill.[67] Outside Birmingham, in Solihull, is Birmingham International, which serves Birmingham Airport and the National Exhibition Centre.

Railway operations

Map visualising passenger flow, using 2021/2022 ORR open data

New Street is the hub of the West Midlands rail network, as well as being a major national hub. The station is one of twenty operated and managed by Network Rail.[68] Network Rail also provides operational staff for the station.

Station staff are provided on all platforms to assist with the safe dispatch of trains. For operational reasons, all trains departing New Street must be dispatched via the use of Right Away (RA) indicators. They display a signal informing the train driver it is safe to start the train, instead of using more traditional bell or hand signals.

The twelve through platforms are divided into a and b ends, with an extra bay platform called 4c between 4b and 5b, with the b end of the station towards Wolverhampton; this, in effect, allows twice the number of platforms. Longer trains that are too long for one section of the platform occupy the entire length of the platform, such as Class 390 Pendolinos.

Trains departing towards Proof House Junction (a end) can depart from any platform, but there are restrictions on trains departing from the b end. All platforms can accommodate trains heading towards Wolverhampton; however, due to the platform layout and road bridge supports, only 5–12 can accommodate trains heading towards Five Ways. There are a number of sidings on the station for the stabling of trains; these are between platforms 5/6, 7/8 and 9/10. The bay platforms at either end of platform 12 were removed during the 2015 refurbishment. The sidings in front of New Street signal box have also been removed.

Still in existence, but out of use, is the "Royal Mail tunnel" which connected the "b" end of the station platforms to the former sorting office (now called The Mailbox) alongside Suffolk Street. The tunnel to the former Head Post Office at Victoria Square is bricked up, with the subway between the platforms remaining in use for railway staff. The former baggage subway at the "a" end is now used for railway staff and as a fire exit.

All signalling is controlled by West Midlands Signalling Centre in Saltley,[69] with the former New Street power signal box at the Wolverhampton or b end of the station; it can be seen at street level on Navigation Street. The station is allocated the IATA location identifier QQN.

Approach tunnels


All trains arriving and departing must use one of the several tunnels around the station.[6][70]

  • Stour Valley Line Tunnel – heads westwards towards Soho Junction & Wolverhampton and passes under the National Indoor Arena. This tunnel is 927 yards (848 m) long in total, comprising the original New Street North Tunnel 751 yards (687 m) and extension: 'Arena' Tunnel, 176 yards (161 m). The former was opened in 1852, as part of the Stour Valley Line, and holds two tracks.
  • New Street South Tunnel – 254 yards (232 m) long, heading eastbound, passing under the Bullring and Birmingham Moor Street station, heading towards Duddeston, Adderley Park, the Camp Hill line and the Derby lines towards Tamworth. This tunnel opened in 1854 and originally held two tracks; it was widened in 1896 to hold four tracks, with two double-track parallel bores.
  • Gloucester Line Tunnels – a series of four consecutive, separate tunnels heading south-west towards Five Ways. Heading from New Street, in sequence, the tunnels are named Holliday Street Tunnel, 307 yards (281 m) long; Canal Tunnel, 225 yards (206 m) long, passing under the Birmingham Canal Navigations; Granville Street Tunnel, 81 yards (74 m) long; and Bath Row Tunnel, 210 yards (190 m) long. These tunnels opened in 1885 as part of the Birmingham West Suburban Railway and hold two tracks.

Customer service and ticketing


Network Rail, as well as operating the station, operate a customer reception located on the main concourse, provide mobility assistance and train dispatch. The booking office and barriers are operated by Avanti West Coast, with customer service or floor walker staff provided by CrossCountry and Network Rail. Avanti West Coast operates a first class lounge and Network West Midlands also provides a public transport information point for the station.

The station is a penalty fare station for West Midlands Railway and London Northwestern Railway (West Midlands Trains' brands). This scheme is operated both onboard trains and at the automatic ticket barriers at the station. The other train operating companies that use the station do not operate penalty fare schemes.

Pollution and air quality concerns


The station is designated as underground. There were extractor fans that removed fumes, but these were removed with the refurbishment of the concourse and shopping centre above the platforms. They were replaced with blowers, as there are still a large number of services operated by diesel trains despite the whole station having been electrified in the 1960s. There have been environmental concerns about the level of pollution, especially NOx, in the station.[71]

Train operating companies


Since the privatisation of British Rail, there have been thirteen train companies that have regularly called at New Street: Arriva Trains Wales, Avanti West Coast, Central Trains, CrossCountry, First North Western, London Midland, Silverlink, Virgin CrossCountry, Virgin Trains West Coast, Transport for Wales, Wales & Borders, Wales & West and West Midlands Trains.

Currently Avanti West Coast, CrossCountry, Transport for Wales and West Midlands Trains provide services from New Street:[72][73][74][75][76][77][78] Chiltern Railways have occasionally used New Street during engineering works.

West Midlands Trains operates a traincrew depot at the station and stables some trains overnight around the station. For the most part, they use Soho TMD for electric traction units, with its non-electric units kept at Tyseley TMD to the south-east of Birmingham.

CrossCountry also operates a traincrew depot at the station; it uses Tyseley TMD for the Class 170 units and its Voyagers are based at Central Rivers TMD.

Train services

Map of passenger railways in the Birmingham & West Midlands area

The basic Monday to Saturday off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is as follows:

Avanti West Coast


West Midlands Railway

London Northwestern Railway

Transport for Wales

COVID-19 travel restrictions introduced in 2020 resulted in a reduction in normal service patterns. For example, the Cross-City line is reduced from 6 to 4 trains per hour, with the 2 services to/from Lichfield City removed.

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Birmingham International   Transport for Wales
Birmingham – Wales
  Sandwell & Dudley
Birmingham International   CrossCountry
Bournemouth – Manchester
Cheltenham Spa   CrossCountry
Bristol – Manchester
Leamington Spa   CrossCountry
Reading – Newcastle
Cheltenham Spa   CrossCountry
Plymouth – Edinburgh
  Tamworth or
or Terminus
Cardiff – Birmingham – Nottingham
or Tamworth
Terminus   CrossCountry
Birmingham – Leicester – Stansted Airport
  Water Orton or
Coleshill Parkway
University   West Midlands Railway
Hereford – Birmingham
Smethwick Galton Bridge   West Midlands Railway
Shrewsbury – Birmingham
Terminus, Aston or
  West Midlands Railway
Cross-City Line
  Five Ways
Duddeston   West Midlands Railway
Walsall – Aston – Birmingham – Wolverhampton
  Smethwick Rolfe Street
Birmingham International or Adderley Park   West Midlands Railway
Birmingham – Walsall – Rugeley
  Tame Bridge Parkway
Adderley Park   West Midlands Railway
Birmingham International – Birmingham New Street
Moseley Village   West Midlands Railway
Camp Hill line
Terminus   London Northwestern Railway
Birmingham – Liverpool
  Smethwick Galton Bridge
Marston Green
or Birmingham International
  London Northwestern Railway
London – Birmingham
Birmingham International   Avanti West Coast
London – Birmingham – North West & Scotland
London – Shrewsbury
  Terminus, Sandwell & Dudley or
  Historical railways  
Monument Lane   London and North Western Railway
Stour Valley Line
  London and North Western Railway
Rugby–Birmingham–Stafford line
  Adderley Park
Terminus   London and North Western Railway
Birmingham–Peterborough line
Five Ways   Midland Railway
Birmingham West Suburban Railway
Camp Hill   Midland Railway
Camp Hill line

West Midlands Metro

Two CAF Urbos 3 trams at Grand Central tram stop, the one on the left arriving, and the one on the right about to depart for Wolverhampton.

New Street is served by the West Midlands Metro tram system from the adjacent Grand Central tram stop outside the station's main entrance on Stephenson Street. This opened on 30 May 2016, when the city centre extension of the Metro came into operation. The stop was temporarily, before extension to Broad Street, a terminus of West Midlands Metro Line One, and provides a link to Snow Hill station and onwards to Wolverhampton.[79]

Initially, Grand Central was planned to act as the terminus of the city centre extension. However, it was later decided that further extension would take place towards Centenary Square and later to Edgbaston, this extension opened in mid 2022.[80][81]


New Street station is 660 yards (600 m) away from Birmingham Moor Street;[82] the city's second busiest railway station.[82] There is a signposted route for passengers travelling between New Street and Moor Street stations which involves a short walk through a bus tunnel under the Bullring shopping centre. Although the railway lines into New Street pass directly underneath Moor Street station, there is no rail connection. In 2013 a new direct walkway was opened between the two stations.[83] Birmingham Snow Hill station is 1,100 yards (1,000 m) away;[82] it is either a ten-minute walk away to the north, or can be reached via a short tram ride on the West Midlands Metro.[84]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 7 November 1850, the engine of a goods train which was leaving the station was derailed by an explosion caused by leaking gas from a gas-lighting main, which came into contact with its firebox. There were no casualties, but the abutment of the viaduct on which the explosion occurred was destroyed by the blast.[85]
  • On 18 April 1877, the south tunnel was blocked by an overturned locomotive.[86]
  • On 26 November 1921, a serious accident occurred on the Midland half of New Street station, when an express from Bristol crashed into the rear of a stationary train to Derby, which was standing at platform four and had been delayed due to engine trouble. The collision caused the guards van of the Derby train to telescope with the rear coach. Three people were killed, and twenty four injured. The later inquest ruled that the express had overrun the danger signal due to driver error, and the misty conditions had made the rails moist, leading to wheelslip when the driver applied the brakes.[87]

See also



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  2. ^ "Station information". Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Britain's 'best and worst' railway stations named". BBC News. London, UK. 7 May 2018. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
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  5. ^ "Birmingham New Street update January 2013" (PDF). Jewellery Quarter Development Trust. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Smith, Donald. J. (1984). New Street Remembered, The Story of Birmingham's New Street Station 1854-1967. Barbryn Press Limited. ISBN 0-906160-05-7.
  7. ^ " - lnwrbns_str1295c". Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  8. ^ Aris's Birmingham Gazette, 16 February 1850.
  9. ^ It had been opened Tuesday 16 May 1843. Aris's Birmingham Gazette, 20 November 1848.
  10. ^ Aris's Birmingham Gazette, 20 November 1848.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Birmingham New Street — History". Network Rail. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
  12. ^ "Birmingham New Street Station". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  13. ^ "Edward Alfred Cowper". Graces Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  14. ^ "A Selection of Great Victorian Railway Stations". Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  15. ^ "Birmingham New Street Station: An engraved illustration of the entrance to New Street station and the frontage of the Queens Hotel shortly after the station was opened". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  16. ^ a b c "Birmingham New Street". London: Network Rail. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  17. ^ Bradshaw (1863). Bradshaw's Descriptive Railway Hand-book of Great Britain and Ireland. Oxford, UK: Old House. pp. Section III, Page 20. ISBN 9781908402028.
  18. ^ "Birmingham New Street Station: View taken from the Queens Hotel from above the South Staffordshire bay showing the entrance to the LNWR's parcel offices on platform 3 to the left of the footbridge". Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  19. ^ "Birmingham New Street Station: An early view of platform 4 looking east, with the entrance off Queens Drive to the left and with a MR train for Kings Norton standing in the platform". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  20. ^ "Birmingham New Street Station: A June 1883 view of the site of the extension to New Street station with Hill Street seen on the left". Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
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Further reading

  • Foster, Richard (1990). Birmingham New Street. The Story of a Great Station Including Curzon Street. 1 Background and Beginnings. The Years up to 1860. Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 0-906867-78-9.
  • Foster, Richard (1990). Birmingham New Street. The Story of a Great Station Including Curzon Street. 2 Expansion and Improvement. 1860 to 1923. Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 0-906867-79-7.
  • Foster, Richard (1997). Birmingham New Street. The Story of a Great Station Including Curzon Street. 3 LMS Days. 1923-1947. Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 1-874103-37-2.
  • Foster, Richard. Birmingham New Street. The Story of a Great Station Including Curzon Street. 4 British Railways. The First 15 Years. Not yet published. Wild Swan Publications.
  • Kirkman, Richard (2015). Transforming Birmingham New Street. Lily Publications Ltd. (UK). ISBN 9781907945915. OCLC 927826418.
  • Norton, Mark (2013). Birmingham New Street Station Through Time. Amberley. ISBN 978-1-4456-1095-5.
  • Smith, Donald J. (1984). New Street Remembered: The story of Birmingham's New Street Station 1854-1967 in words and pictures. Barbryn Press. ISBN 0-906160-05-7.
  • Upton, Chris (1997). A History of Birmingham. Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-870-0.
  • Train times and station information for Birmingham New Street railway station from National Rail
  • New Street - New Start
  • Birmingham New Street, on Warwickshire Railways Photographs and information on the Victorian Station.
  • 1890 Ordnance Survey map of the station
  • Rail Around Birmingham and the West Midlands: Birmingham New Street station
  • Building a model of Birmingham New Street station
  • 1967 ATV report on station rebuilding and opening
  • 1994 video of Don's Miniature New Street

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