Boisar
Industrial Town in Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Maharashtra
Official logo of Boisar
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) October–December 2015 Report[1]
Nickname(s): 
Gateway of India's first nuclear power plant, Home of Largest Maharashtra's Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).
Boisar is located in Maharashtra
Boisar
Boisar
Location of Boisar in Maharashtra
Boisar is located in India
Boisar
Boisar
Boisar (India)
Boisar is located in Asia
Boisar
Boisar
Boisar (Asia)
Coordinates: 19°48′13″N 72°45′22″E / 19.8036°N 72.756°E / 19.8036; 72.756Coordinates: 19°48′13″N 72°45′22″E / 19.8036°N 72.756°E / 19.8036; 72.756
CountryIndia India
State Maharashtra
DivisionKonkan
DistrictPalghar (Earlier Thane)
TehsilPalghar
Government
 • TypeState Govt, Municipal Council
 • BodyPalghar Municipal Council (PMC)
 •  Lok Sabha ConstituencyPalghar
 • MP(खासदार)Rajendra Gavit (Shiv Sena)
 •  Vidhan Sabha Constituency Boisar
 • MLA(आमदार)Rajesh Raghunath Patil (Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi)
 • TehsildarMaheyssh Sagar
Area
 • Total8.90 km2 (3.44 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total36,151
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Boisarkar, Boisarean, Boisary
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PINs
401 501 to 401 506
Area code(s)+91-02525
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-48
Official language Marathi
Other LanguagesHindi, English
Local Newshttps://www.tarapurmitra.com Boisar Tarapur Mitra
UN/LOCODEIN BOM BOR

Boisar is the largest industrial suburb in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was originally a part of the Thane district before becoming a part of the Palghar district. It is approximately 85 kilometers away from the state capital Mumbai and is 98 kilometers from the union territory Daman.

Boisar is governed by the Palghar Municipal Council (PMC). It is home to the largest Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC).

Boisar hosts India's first nuclear power station—Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS).[2] It has a railway station in the Western Railway zone of Indian Railways as well as Mumbai Suburban Railway. The Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor will have a stop at Boisar.

Boisar is a popular weekend spot for tourists and locals due to nearby beaches, forts and lakes. The place has seen rapid development due to:

Demonym

A resident of Boisar is called a Boisarkar, Boisarean, or Boisary in Marathi, in which the suffixes "kar"', "ean" and "y" means "resident of" or "to belong to". Boisar is located within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region of Maharashtra.

History

Boisar was part of the Rashtrakuta dynasty which had ruled the Deccan plateau between the 8th and 10th centuries. It was ruled by Ahmadnagar (1521–1594), the Portuguese Empire (1594), the Maratha Empire (1739–1818), the East India Company (1818–1857) and the British Raj (1857–1947). There are some forts near the city, such as Asava Fort (11km), Tarapur Fort (11 km), Kaldurg Fort(17km), Shirgaon Fort (18km), Mahim Fort (20km), and Asheri Fort (25km).

The city is embedded with forts which shows existence of city in history.
(Note:Fort distance is calculated from Boisar Railway Station)
Boisar city & Boisar Railway station in 1896.(copied map image from the Wikipedia page at Thane District)

Boisar was initially inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fishermen and used to live near the Arabian Sea coast. The Kolis are traditional fishermen who speak different dialects of Marathi.

The present Vanjari[5] community of Boisar was part of the Indus Valley Civilization and originate from Chittorgarh, Rajasthan. In the 15th century they served as a main grain trader, supplier and salesman in the Mughal army of Alauddin Khalji. They migrated to "Moradi" port (today "Murbe") to trade in Boisar because the British started the railway in 1853 which halted the grain trade. Their language is distinct from standard Marathi as it influenced by Rajasthani and Gujarati.

The Vadval community is located in Boisar, Tarapur. They are said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who escaped from the Muslims. They form one of the few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna but not the traditional 96-clan Maratha caste.

Boisar was town in Bombay state between 18th to 19th century. It was also city in the Thane district after the independence of India. Palghar district is the current district of Boisar from 1 August 2014.

Geography

Boisar encompasses an area of 8.90 square kilometres (3.44 sq mi). It is located at 19° 48' 13N 72° 45' 22E [3] and has an average altitude of 45ft [3] at the base of the eastern slopes of the Sahyadri. Boisar is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast, and is about 7.21 kilometres (4.48 mi) from the shores. It is close to Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Daman. People in and around Boisar use Marathi as a common language.

Hydrography

The two main rivers flowing through the city are the Surya and the Banganga (which has Betegaon Railway Bridge). Many small creeks are found all along the western coast villages like Kolwade, Kumbhavali, and Murbe where tidal waters flood upstream. There are dams such as the Surya Dam and the Devkhop dam.

Banganga River
Surya River

Boisar has no natural lakes but it has artificial ones. The Babule Lake[6] and Navale Lake[7] near the city are known for lotus blooms in winter.

Navale Lake(14km)

The Kokner/Kokaner[8][9] hot water spring is on the banks on the Surya river; the water is a murky greenish brown due to sulphur & chemical deposits from the spring.[relevant? ]

Kokaner Hot Water Spring(25km)

Pedology

Basalt[10] and medium deep grayish black soil[10] are found in the hill area and deep black soils[10] are found in the basins of Surya river. Coastal saline soil[10] occurs along the Arabian Sea. Other than basalt, minor minerals like murrum[11] are found in the city.

Climate

According the Köppen climate classification, the climate of Boisar is tropical, very humid, and warm because of the western coastal plains.The city experiences 3 main seasons and 1 transitional season. They are:

  1. Winter Season (December to February).
  2. Summer Season (March to June).
  3. Monsoon Season (June to September).
  4. Post Monsoon Season / Autumn (October and November): Hot and humid in the coastal areas.
Climate data for Boisar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
28.6
(83.5)
30.7
(87.3)
32.3
(90.1)
33.1
(91.6)
31.9
(89.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.7
(85.5)
32
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
31.7
(89.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
17.8
(64.0)
21.1
(70.0)
23.9
(75.0)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.2
(73.8)
20.2
(68.4)
18.1
(64.6)
22.1
(71.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
10
(0.4)
437
(17.2)
856
(33.7)
466
(18.3)
289
(11.4)
68
(2.7)
9
(0.4)
1
(0.0)
2,477.5
(97.54)
Source: Boisar Weather By Month

Demographics

Census India 2011 reported a total of 20319 males and 15832 females and a total number of 4896 children below 6 years of age in Boisar. The child sex ratio[clarify] is around 919 compared to the Maharashtra state average of 894. The literacy rate of Boisar is 88.49%, higher than the state average of 82.34%. The city has complete administration over 8,711 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within town limits and impose taxes on properties under its jurisdiction. Out of its total population, 14,372 are employed; 12,312 were males while 2,060 were females. In the census survey, a worker is defined as person who performs a job, service, cultivation, or labour. Of the 14372 people that were surveyed to be working, 89.32% were engaged in main work while 10.68% of total workers were engaged in marginal work.

Population and Literacy of Boisar(2011)[12]
Total Population 36151 (100%)
Males 20319(56.21%)
Females 15832 (43.79)%
Children 4896(13.54%)
Literacy Rate 88.49%
Male Literacy 93.08%
Female Literacy 82.44%

Religion

According to the 2011 census, out of a total of 36,151 people in Boisar, Hindus (83.84%) constituted the majority of the city population. Schedule Caste (SC) constituted 4.82% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 1.76% of the total population. The official language of Boisar is Marathi but Hindi and English are also allowed to be used for any official purpose. Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Vanjari, Agri, Koli, Vadvali and Warli dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively. Marathi, Hindi, and English are compulsory languages in schools whereas Sanskrit and Urdu are optional.

Religion in Boisar(2011)[13]

  Hinduism (83.84%)
  Islam (11.78%)
  Buddhism (1.38%)
  Jainism (1.37%)
  Christianity (0.85%)
  Sikhism (0.03%)
  Not Stated (0.45%)
  Others (0.02%)

Culture

Festivals

Boisar residents celebrate Marathi, Indian, and Western festivals. Ganesh Chaturthi and Gokulashtami/Dahi Handi are popular festivals in the city. Some other festivals celebrated in the city are :

Name Hindu Calendar Month Gregorian calendar Months
Marathi New Year (Gudi Padwa), Rama Navami, Hanuman Jayanti Chaitra(चैत्र) March–April
Akshaya Tritiya, Buddha's Birthday(Budha Purnima) Vaisakha(वैशाख) April–May
Vat Purnima Jyeshtha(ज्येष्ठ) May–June
Guru Purnima Ashadha(आषाढ़) June–July
Naga Panchami, Narali Purnima(Coconut day), Gokulashtami/Dahi Handi, Pola Shraavana(श्रावण) July–August
Ganesh Chaturthi, Anant Chaturdashi Bhadrapada(भाद्रपद) August–September
Dussehra, Kojagiri Purnima, Lakshmi Pujan Ashwina(अश्विन) September–October
Balipratipada, Diwali, Bhaubeej Kartika(कार्तिक) October–November
Datta Jayanti, Sri Mahalakshmi Vrat, Christmas Mārgasirsa(मार्गशीष) November–December
New Year's DayMakar Sankranti Pausha(पौष) December-January
Rama Navami, Maha Shivaratri, Shiv Jayanti Māgha(माघ) November–December
Shiv Jayanti, Holi Phalguna(फाल्गुन) February–March

Transportation

Railway Station

Road

Boat Services

  • In city, the coastal area usually commutes by ferry. Routes[23] are defined by Maharashtra Maritime Board.
  1. Navapur to Dandi.[23]
  2. Murbe to Satpati.[23][24]
  3. Murbe to Kharekuran.[23][25]
  • Ferries are available throughout the year from 6 am to 6 pm, except during monsoons. Timings of ferry can change depending on the tide.

Air

  • Boisar has no airport.
  • The nearest airport is in Mumbai which is 105 km away.

Education

Schools and Higher Secondary Schools (Junior Colleges)

There are schools and junior colleges in Boisar; most of them are run by private individuals and trusts. The city's public school system and junior colleges are managed by the education ministry of the Government of Maharashtra.The schools and junior colleges are affiliated with the following boards:

  1. Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education.
    1. Secondary School Certificate (SSC): 10th grade.
    2. Higher School Certificate (HSC): 12th grade.
  2. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
  3. Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE).

Institutes headquartered in city proximity

Established Institute Type Commissioning Body/Affiliation Level Specialisation
1975 P.l. Shroff College Chinchani[26] Public Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate and Post-graduate Arts,Science,IT and Management.
1984 Sonpat Dandekar [27] Public Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate and Post-graduate Arts,Science,IT and Finance Management.
2009 Theme college of Engineering[28] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Undergraduate (Diploma) and Graduate Engineering
2006 SAS Institute of Management Studies[29] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Post-graduate Management
2002 Dr M.L.Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Institute[30] Private Affiliated to   Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) (MD)Post-graduate Medical
2002 AGS College of Education[31] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University (B.Ed)Graduate Education
2009 Diwakar Patil College Of Education[32] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University (B.Ed)Graduate Education
Holy Cross Night Degree College[33] Private Affiliated to   Mumbai University Graduate Bachlore of Arts ,Commerce and Science
2018 Diwakar Patil Private Industrial Training Institute(ITI)[34] Private Affiliated to  National Council for Vocational Training(NCVT) Post School Courses Industrial Training

Professional Programme (Internship and Apprenticeship)

  • Boisar is known for its industrial hub and most industries (especially chemical, pharmaceutical, textile and mechanical companies)[35] offer internship and apprenticeship programs to college undergraduates and postgraduates. Banks and hospitals also provide work experience for students and professionals.

Research Institutions

Boisar is home to two prominent research institutions: the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and the Agricultural Research Station.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mahindra Happinest, Why Boisar? (Mumbai) | Petroleum, Coal & Banking Executives Welfare Society". pcb.net.in.
  2. ^ https://theprint.in/india/tarapur-indias-2nd-most-powerful-nuclear-plant-built-with-us-help-completes-50-yrs-today/312366/
  3. ^ a b c "Maps, Weather and Airports for Boisar, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  4. ^ "National Real Estate Development Council". Naredco.in. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  5. ^ रजि, ठाणे-पालघर जिल्हा वंजारी समाज हितवर्धक मंडळ. "ठाणे-पालघर जिल्हा वंजारी समाज हितवर्धक मंडळ, रजि". Vanjarisamajpalghar.com.
  6. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  7. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  8. ^ "Kokner / Kokaner Hot Water Springs". wikimapia.org.
  9. ^ "Natural Hot water springs kokNer# palghar Maharashtra" – via www.youtube.com.
  10. ^ a b c d "Info" (PDF). cdn.s3waas.gov.in. 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  11. ^ "MURRUM SOILS - MURRUM SOILS What are the physical properties of murrum soils It is soils of humid tropical or equatorial zones It is characterized by a | Course Hero". www.coursehero.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Boisar (Thane, Maharashtra, India) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ Jadav, Deven (23 August 2013). "Dahanu Churchgate Fast Trains - Mumbai Local Trains Timetable". Mumbai77 - Mumbai City and Travel Guide. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  15. ^ "DAHANU ROAD to VIRAR Trains, Time Table, Distance Between & Travel Time | DRD VR Trains". www.trainspnrstatus.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  16. ^ [2][dead link]
  17. ^ "Boisar Railway Station | Trains Timetable passing through Boisar Station". www.cleartrip.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Boisar to Bhiwandi Road: 7 Trains, Shortest Distance: 78 km - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  21. ^ MSRTC's First Air Conditioned ShivShahi Bus Service from Boisar to Kolhapur, retrieved 20 January 2020
  22. ^ Attractive & Popular MSRTC'S Shivshahi Semi Sleeper AC Buses - Interior & Exterior Compilation !!!, retrieved 20 January 2020
  23. ^ a b c d "Ferry operator" (PDF). mahammb.maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  25. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  26. ^ "P.L. Shroff College – Welcome to P.L. Shroff College". Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  27. ^ "Sonopant Dandekar Sikshan Mandli". Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  28. ^ "Home | Theem CoE". theemcoe.org. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  29. ^ "Welcome to > Deep Education Society : Mumbai". www.sasmba.in. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  30. ^ mlddefindia. "Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy (M. D. – Hom)". MLD Trust. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  31. ^ "DESAGSCE - Deep Education Societys A G S College Of Education | Youth4work". youth4work.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  32. ^ "Divakar Patil Education(B.Ed.) D.K. Patil Education Trust Street No.26/2 Pasthal Village Pasthal Naka Boisar Rarapur Road Tal Palghar Dist Thane 401 501 College, Thane - Address, Fees, Reviews and Admissions 2020". iCBSE. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  33. ^ "International School Boisar | Degree College Boisar | Holy Cross Knowledge Hub Boisar". hckh.in. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  34. ^ iti (6 May 2019). "DIWAKAR PATIL PRIVATE ITI PASTHAL BOISAR". iti.directory. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  35. ^ "JSW - Students & Graduates". www.jsw.in. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  36. ^ "Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli (Agricultural University)". www.dbskkv.org. Retrieved 20 January 2020.