|First flight||14 August 2001|
|Introduction||8 January 2004|
|Number built||~450 Challenger 300|
350 Challenger 350 (July 2020)
The Bombardier Challenger 300 is a 3,100 nmi (5,700 km) range business jet made by Bombardier Aerospace. Announced at the 1999 Paris Air Show, it made its maiden flight on 14 August 2001, received its Canadian type approval on 31 May 2003 and was introduced on 8 January 2004. The Challenger 350 is a slightly improved 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) range variant which first flew on 2 March 2013 and was approved on 11 June 2014. Around 450 Challenger 300 have been delivered, and 350 Challenger 350 by July 2020.
The baseline Challenger 300 was launched at the 1999 Paris Air Show as the Bombardier Continental. An all-new design, it received Transport Canada type approval on 31 May 2003, followed on 4 June by US FAR 25 certification and on 31 July by European JAR 25 approval. Assembled in Wichita, Kansas, it entered commercial service on 8 January 2004 with Flexjet. The new design is not developed from the Challenger 600 or its variants.
Its supercritical wings have a fixed leading-edge and a 27% sweep angle, its 1.15 m (3.8 ft) winglets reduce cruise lift-induced drag by 17%. It climbs to FL410 in 18 min with a 455 kg (1,003 lb) fuel burn at MTOW/ISA, where at a 14,330 kg (31,590 lb) weight it burns 680 kg (1,500 lb)/h at Mach 0.8/445 kn (824 km/h) tas, 875 kg (1,929 lb)/h at Mach 0.83/465 kn (861 km/h) tas. In 2004, the unit cost of the Challenger 300 was US$17.4 million.
The fuselage and the wing are semi-monocoque aluminum structures, the winglets are composite. Outboard ailerons are manually actuated, elevators and rudder are hydraulic with a mechanical backup, fly-by-wire spoilers augment roll control, act as speedbrakes and dump lift on the ground, hydraulic single-slotted fowler flap have four positions: 0/10/20/30°. The Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 avionics include four LCD displays, an EICAS and Maintenance Diagnostics Computer, an EGPWS, a TCAS II and an ELT.
The improved variant first flew on March 2, 2013, was unveiled at the next May EBACE and was due to enter service in May 2014. Combined with a more luxurious interior and 20% taller cabin windows, it costs $1 million more at $25.9 million. Its launch customer, NetJets, ordered 75 firm and 125 options. It received its type certification from Transport Canada on June 11, 2014, from the FAA on June 25 and from the EASA on September 2. In 2018, 60 Challenger 350s were delivered as Bombardier claims a 58% market share of the super mid-size segment, and the 300th delivery was reached in July 2019, after five years of service.
Hot-section modifications and a FADEC push gave the Honeywell HTF7350 7.3% more takeoff thrust at 7,323 lbf (32.57 kN) with the same flat rating, durability and reliability. A strengthened wing with canted winglets and more span allows for 900 lb (410 kg) more full fuel payload. Canted winglets have a less acute angle that reduces transonic drag and enlarge the span by 5.2 ft (1.6 m), increasing wing area and aspect ratio. At a weight of 30,200 lb (13,700 kg) it cruises at Mach 0.80 / 455 kn (843 km/h) TAS and is advertised as burning 1,535 lb (696 kg) per hour.
Bombardier maintenance program runs $277 per hour and inspection intervals are at 600 hr. The avionics include four Adaptive LCD Displays, Dual FMS with LPV and RNP approaches capability, SVS, a MultiScan, Weather Radar, Dual IRS, dual SBAS GPS, integrated EFIS and dual VHF and HF radios. It is able to carry eight passengers over a 3,200 nmi / 5,926 km range at a Mach 0.80 (459 kn, 849 km/h) long-range cruise. It is manufactured in Canada.
In 2021, its equipped price was $26.7M.
In November 2014, for nearly one million hours of operations, the 448 Challenger 300 in service had a 99.79% dispatch reliability rate; five-year-old aircraft retain 64% of their original value. At the end of 2015, 550 Challenger 300/350 were in service: 402 in North America, 75 in Western Europe, 37 in Latin America, 12 in Eastern Europe, seven in India, six in Africa and China, four in Asia Pacific and one in the Middle East; the largest operator was Flexjet with 30 Challenger 300s and seven 350s, then Netjets with 26 delivered, including four to Netjets Europe.
In 2017, facing competition, Bombardier discounted the price of the Challenger 300/350 by $7 million to match the Embraer Legacy 500's $20 million price. Over 200 Challenger 350 were delivered by December 2017, adding to around 450 Challenger 300 deliveries. The 350th Challenger 350 was delivered in July 2020.
Second-hand Challenger 300s typically cost from $7 million to over $20 million.
Bombardier unveiled the Challenger 3500 at an event in Montreal on September 14, 2021 which builds on the Challenger 300/350. The 3500 will feature improvements such as auto- throttles, and an upgraded cabin. The new name will also bring the Challenger 3500 inline with Bombardier's Global nomenclature. Bombardier anticipates deliveries of the Challenger 3500 the second half of 2022 and will carry a price tag of $26.7 million, which is the same as the current Challenger 350.
|Variant||Challenger 300||Challenger 350|
|Capacity||eight to nine||nine (standard)|
|Length||68.63 ft / 20.92 m|
|Span||63.84 ft / 19.46 m||69 ft 0 in / 21.0 m|
|Height||20.33 ft / 6.20 m||20 ft 0 in / 6.1 m|
|Wing Area||523 ft2 / 48.5 m2|
|MTOW||38,850 lb / 17,622 kg||40,600 lb / 18,416 kg|
|OEW||23,500 lb / 10,659 kg||24,800 lb / 11,249 kg|
|Fuel capacity||14,150 lb / 6,418 kg|
|Maximum payload||3,500 lb / 1,588 kg||3,400 lb / 1,542 kg|
|Wing loading||74.3 lb/ft2/ 363.3 kg/m2||77.6 lb/ft2 / 379.7 kg/m2|
|Turbofans (2×)||Honeywell HTF7000||Honeywell HTF7350|
|Thrust[a]||6,826 lbf / 30.4 kN||7,323 lbf / 33 kN|
|Maximum speed||Mach 0.82 / 470 kn / 870 km/h||Mach 0.83 / 477 kn / 882 km/h|
|Cruise speed||Mach 0.80 / 459 kn / 850 km/h|
|Range[b]||3,100 nmi / 5,741 km||3,200 nmi / 5,926 km|
|Ceiling||45,000 ft / 13,716 m|
|Takeoff[c]||4,810 ft / 1,466 m||4,835 ft / 1,474 m|
|Landing[d]||2,600 ft / 792 m||2,710 ft / 826 m|
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Bombardier Challenger 300 (category)
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