Bombardment of Tartar

Summary

2020 bombardment of Tartar
Part of 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war
Destroyed apartment located in Shikharkh.png
One of the destroyed apartments in Shikharkh
LocationTartar District, Azerbaijan
Date28 September – 10 November 2020 (2020-11-10) (1 month, 1 week and 6 days) (GMT+4)
Attack type
Bombardment
Weapons
Deaths17
Injured63
Perpetrators

The bombardment of Tartar (Azerbaijani: Tərtərin bombardmanı) was the bombardment of the cities, towns, and villages in Tartar District of Azerbaijan by the Armenian Armed Forces and the self-proclaimed Artsakh Defence Army with artillery, missiles, and cluster munitions during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war. The bombardment of the district started on the second day of the war, on 28 September, when the Armenian forces shelled the city of Tartar, the administrative center of the district, and Shikharkh, which was built for the Azerbaijani refugees of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Significant Azerbaijani military forces were present in and near Tartar, where according to Human Rights Watch Azerbaijan "unnecessarily put civilians at risk by locating military objectives within or near densely populated areas".[1] The bombardment caused widespread destruction and many civilian deaths.[2][3] Thousands of people became refugees, making the city of Tartar a ghost town,[4] and fled to neighboring cities, such as Barda,[5] which was also targeted by the Armenian forces with cluster missiles.[6][7] The Azerbaijani authorities claim that the Armenian forces had fired 15,500 shells on the territory of Tartar District until 29 October, with over 2,000 shells being fired upon Tartar in some days. Official Azerbaijani figures claim that over a thousand civilian objects, including schools, hospitals, and government buildings were either damaged or destroyed during the bombardment.[3]

Human Rights Watch confirmed many of the targeted attacks on civilians and civilian objects, such as kindergartens and hospitals, by the Armenian forces. It also stated that the Armenian military forces had carried out indiscriminate rocket and missile strikes on the Azerbaijani territories, and that such indiscriminate attacks were war crimes.[1] Ilham Aliyev accused Armenia of "trying to turn Tartar to the next Aghdam." Turkey also condemned the Armenian shelling of a cemetery in Tartar during a funeral ceremony,[8] which foreign journalists at scene and Human Rights Watch confirmed.[9][1]

The bombardment of the city of Tartar, as well as Azerbaijani towns and villages in the district of same name stopped on 10 November, when Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement with Azerbaijan with Russia's mediation, ending all hostilities in the region.[10]

Background

Wedding of the Azerbaijani refugees settled in Tartar in 1996.

Tartar is a district of Azerbaijan, consisting of the former Tartar Rayon and a part of former Mardakert District of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast. Since the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, most of it has been under the control of the breakway Republic of Artsakh, governed as part of its Martakert Province. IDPs from Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding occupied territories were moved to the district from tent settlements around the country to live in new houses built by the government.[11] Tartar District was home to a population of 105 thousand people in early 2020,[12] with its administrative center, the city of Tartar, being about 90 kilometres (56 mi) far from Nagorno-Karabakh.[13]

The disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, with its ethnic Armenian majority,[14][15][16][17] is a de jure part of Azerbaijan, but is de facto held by the breakaway Republic of Artsakh, which is supported by Armenia.[18] Ethnic violence began in the late 1980s, and exploded into a war following the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. On 20 February 1988, the Soviet of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast passed a resolution requesting transfer of the oblast from the Azerbaijan SSR to the Armenia SSR; Azerbaijan rejected the request. Following the revoking of Nagorno-Karabakh's autonomous status, an independence referendum was held on 10 December 1991 which was boycotted by the Azerbaijani population which then constituted around 22.8% of Nagorno-Karabakh's population; as a result, 99.8% voted in favor. Both Armenia and Azerbaijan then became fully independent of the Soviet Union in 1992.[19]

The First Nagorno-Karabakh War resulted in the displacement of 750,000 Azerbaijanis overall, with roughly 600,000 of them being from Nagorno-Karabakh and the seven surrounding districts, which were majority-Azeri, essentially cleansing all of the occupied territories from its Azerbaijani inhabitants.[20] Similarly, 353,000 Armenians had to flee from Azerbaijan.[21][20] The war ended with a ceasefire in 1994, with the unrecognised Republic of Artsakh in control of most of the Nagorno-Karabakh region, as well as occupying the surrounding districts of Agdam, Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Kalbajar, Qubadli, Lachin and Zangilan of Azerbaijan and the Lachin Corridor – a mountain pass that links Nagorno-Karabakh with mainland Armenia.[22]

For three decades multiple violations of the ceasefire occurred, the most serious being the four-day 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.[23] Surveys indicated that the inhabitants of Nagorno-Karabakh did not want to be part of Azerbaijan, and in August 2019, in a declaration in favour of unification, the Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan stated "Artsakh is Armenia, full stop".[21] Further skirmishes occurred on the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan in July 2020.[23]

On 27 September 2020, clashes broke out in the region, which soon escalated to a war.[24]

Bombardment

September

The Armenian bombardment also heavily damaged the town of Shikharkh,[1] which was built for the Azerbaijani refugees of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.[11]

On 28 September, the Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian forces shelled the city of Tartar at about 11:00.[25][26] The Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan also stated that following the Armenian shelling, a textile shop in Tartar District was damaged. Moreover, according to the Azerbaijani authorities, a police department in the city of Tartar and Shikharkh, a town created for the Azerbaijani refugees of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, were also shelled.[27] In response, the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defence (MoD) stated that it gave the "last warning to Armenia that adequate retaliatory measures will be taken against them if needed".[28] At about 19:00, the Armenian shelling in Shikharkh, hitting the yard of an apartment building, killed two civilians and injured two more.[29][30] The Human Rights Watch confirmed the attack on 8 November, and visited the area to observe damage consistent with artillery shelling.[1]

On 30 September, the Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian forces had heavily shelled the city of Tartar at about 08:00 in the morning. According to the Azerbaijani authorities, an artillery projectile exploded near the government buildings, injuring seven civilians.[31]

October

On 1 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that starting from the morning, the Armenian forces shelled the city of Tartar.[32] The Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan also stated that at about 09:00, the Armenian shelling killed a civilian in the city and badly damaged the train station there.[33] The Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan then stated that the Armenian shelling wounded a teacher from a secondary school in Seydimli, and that six schools were destroyed in the district since 27 September.[34]

The following day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces were heavily shelling the city of Tartar and Shikharkh.[35] The same ministry also stated that the Armenian shelling had damaged a kindergarten in Shikharkh,[36] which was confirmed by the Human Rights Watch.[1] On 4 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had rocketed Tartar District, wounding civilians.[37] The next day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had shelled the city of Tartar starting from the morning.[38] On 7 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian shelling of Tartar was continuing.[39] The following day, the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian forces had rocketed the city of Tartar with BM-21 Grad missile launchers, accusing the Armenian military leadership of "targeting civilians with precision-guided missiles."[40] On 9-10 and 12 October, the Azerbaijani MoD claimed that the Armenian forces were shelling Tartar District at noon. [41][42] while the Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that the shelling had injured a civilian on the 10th[43] and another during the shelling of Kangarli on the 12th.[44]

Apart from the city of Tartar, the Armenian bombardment had also heavily damaged residential houses in the nearby villages.[1]

The following day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces were shelling Tartar District starting from the morning.[45][46] On 14 October, local Azerbaijani journalists reported that the Armenian forces had shelled Duyarly,[47] with one of the artiller shells completely destroying a shopping center,[48] and another damaging a secondary school.[49] Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan then stated that in Duyarly, one government official was wounded, while in Asgarli, another government official was wounded, alongside 5 other civilians. Also, according to the Azerbaijani authorities, a journalist working for the AzTV was wounded during the shelling.[50]

On 15 October, the Armenian forces shelled a cemetery 400 metres (1,300 ft) north of the city of Tartar during a funeral ceremony, killing 4 civilians and injuring 4 more.[51] This was confirmed by local journalists,[52] Dozhd,[9] and the Human Rights Watch.[1] The Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan also confirmed that the cemetery was shelled in the morning.[53]

On 18 October, local Azerbaijani journalists reported that the Armenian shelling in the city of Tartar severely damaged a secondary school.[54] The following day, local Azerbaijani journalists reported that the Armenian shelling continued, injuring a civilian in Alasgarli.[55] On 20 October, Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian forces were shelling Tartar District starting from the morning, and that at about 15:00, the Armenian shelling in Jamilli killed two civilians, wounding another.[56] The Azerbaijani MoD then stated that the Armenian forces had rocketed and shelled Tartar District in the afternoon.[57] The next day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had shelled the settlements in the Tartar District starting from the morning.[58] On 23 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had shelled the settlements in the Tartar District in the morning.[59] According to the Human Rights Watch, the satellite imagery recorded on that day showed substantial damage and cratering from shelling throughout the city of Tartar. Also, hundreds of craters consistent with heavy artillery shelling were concentrated in Shikharkh.[1]

The following day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had rocketed and shelled the settlements in the Tartar District in the morning.[60][61] Then, the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian forces had fired a BM-30 Smerch missiles on the city of Tartar, killing a 16-year-old boy.[62][63] This was confirmed by Human Rights Watch. According to HRW, the Armenian forces had launched a cluster munition attack on Khoruzlu, a village of 290 people in the district, killing the 16-year-old boy. HRW also reported that it did not see any military installations or transport in the vicinity of the site.[64] On 25 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces were shelling the settlements in the Tartar District at noon.[65] The same ministry yet again stated that the Armenian forces were shelling the shelling the settlements in the Tartar District next day,[66][67] while the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian shelling was accompanied by missiles,[68] which continued in the afternoon.[69] The Azerbaijani MoD then stated that the Armenian forces had rocketed the city of Tartar by using BM-30 Smerch multiple rocket launchers,[70] adding that the Azerbaijani air defence units had neutralized one of the missiles launched on the city.[71] On 27 and 28 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the shelling of Tartar District continued.[72] At afternoon, according to the Azerbaijani authorities, the Armenian forces had shelled the settlements in the Tartar District.[73][74] Also, according to the Azerbaijani MoD, the Armenian forces had rocketed the city of Tartar and villages of the Tartar district from the BM-30 Smerch multiple-launch missile system on 28 October. There are no casualties.[75] The Azerbaijani authorities then stated that the Armenian forces again shelled Tartar District,[76] and then rocketed it with BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launchers and howitzers.[77]

On 29 October, Head of the Foreign Policy Department of the Azerbaijani Presidential Administration, Hikmet Hajiyev, visited Tartar together with representatives of media and diplomatic corps.[78][79] During the visit, the Azerbaijani authorities stated that the Armenian forces continued to shell the city,[80] and Hajiyev stated that the Armenian leadership has "become so insolent, that its armed forces shelled Tartar even when diplomats were there."[81] According to the Azerbaijani MoD, the shelling continued in the afternoon.[82]

The following day, the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan released a photo, showing an unexploded Smerch missile, apparently in Alasgarli.[83] On 31 October, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian shelling of Tartar District restarted in the morning.[84]

November

The Azerbaijani authorities had stated that apart from residential buildings and apartments, schools and hospitals were also targeted by the Armenian forces.[3]

On 1 November, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had shelled the city of Tartar, as well as Shikharkh.[85] The next day, the same ministry stated that heavy Armenian shelling continued in Shikharkh, Gazyan and Gapanli.[86] On 3 November, local Azerbaijani journalists reported that the Armenian forces had shelled another cemetery, this time in Sahlabad. According to a Trend News Agency correspondent at scene, the shelling completely destroyed 65 graves, and another 100 were damaged.[87]

On the same day, Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA) found unexploded white phosphorus munitions in Sahlabad, which, according to Azerbaijan, was fired by the Armenian forces.[88][89] Azerbaijani authorities had also stated that the Armenian forces were transporting white phosphorus into the region.[90] Later on, Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan filed a lawsuit, accusing the Armenian Armed Forces of using phosphorus ammunition in Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as in Tartar District, and chemical munitions to "inflict large-scale and long-term harm to the environment" in Fuzuli and Tartar Districts, as well as around Shusha.[91]

On 4 November, Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had periodically shelled Huseynli and Gazyan starting from the morning.[92] The same ministry then stated that the Armenian shelling had continued in the city of Tartar, as well as Shikharh at afternoon.[93] The following day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had periodically shelled the settlements of Tartar District, including the city of the same name and Sahlabad.[94] On 7 November, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian shelling had continued in Shikharkh, Gazyan and Huseynli.[95] Then, the Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that the Armenian shelling hit a residential house in Aski Para and had wounded its tenant.[96]

The next day, the Azerbaijani MoD stated that the Armenian forces had shelled Tartar District, starting from the morning.[97] According to the Azerbaijani authorities, the shelling continued into the night.[98] On 9 November, local Azerbaijani journalists reported that the Armenian shelling in Aski Para had completely destroyed 20 houses, and seriously damaged 80 more.[99] The next day, Prosecutor General's Office of Azerbaijan stated that a civilian was wounded in the city of Tartar because of the Armenian shelling at around 00:00.[100] continued at 00:20.[101]

Aftermath

Following the capture of Shusha, the second-largest settlement in Nagorno-Karabakh, a ceasefire agreement was signed between the President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, the Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan, and the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, ending all hostilities in the area from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow Time.[102][103][104] Under the agreement, the warring sides will keep control of their currently held areas within Nagorno-Karabakh, while Armenia will return the surrounding territories it occupied in 1994 to Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan will also gain land access to its Nakhchivan exclave bordering Turkey and Iran.[105] Approximately 2,000 Russian soldiers will be deployed as peacekeeping forces along the Lachin corridor between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh for a mandate of at least five years.[106]

After the war ended, many of the refugees from Tartar returned to their homes. The residents of the city gathered at the its Clock Square to clean and sweep the streets, with local shopkeepers cleaning the debris of their broken windows and reopening their shops.[107]

Casualties

Civilian

On 29 October, the head of the Tartar District Executive Power, Mustagim Mammadov, stated that during the war, 17 civilians killed, and 61 people injured in Tartar District as a result of the bombardment. According to him, in total, about 1,200 people suffered from the bombardment.[3] The Azerbaijani authorities reported two more civilian injuries later on.

Azerbaijani authorities had stated that about four thousand civilian objects were damaged in the territory of the Tartar District as a result of the bombardment.[3][108]

As a result of the bombardment, a large chunk of Tartar's Azerbaijani population became displaced, and the city of Tartar, normally home to about 100,000 people, became a ghost town.[4] In Tartar, refugees were sleeping at most of the schools, kindergarten, cafes, restaurants, hospitals, private families and elsewhere, with most of them squeezed into the available space.[5] The Azerbaijani authorities stated that the city was emptied in October as residents sought shelter from the bombardment. Many of the refugees fled to Barda, which is just 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the east, being allowed to stay in Barda's schools for over two months, but the buildings were evacuated after the Armenian cluster missile attacks to the city.[5][109] Some Tartar residents who stayed in the city sheltered in the basements of their homes.[4]

Infrastructure damage

In the second day of the war, the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan stated that over 2,000 shells fell in Tartar District in a single day.[110] On 29 October, the head of the Tartar District Executive Power, Mustagim Mammadov, stated that during the war, the Armenian forces fired 15,500 shells on the territory of the district, with over 2,000 shells being fired upon Tartar in some days. According to him, until 29 October, 133 houses were completely destroyed, and 873 houses, as well as 14 schools, three hospitals, and 18 government buildings were partially damaged.[3] On 5 November, Euronews reported that the city's residential and shopping districts were badly-damaged.[2]

The working groups created by the Azerbaijani government in early November started assessing the damage during the war, with three working groups being dispatched to Tartar District as the damage was considered too extensive.[111] On 24 November, the head of the working groups dispatched to Tartar, Gubad Heydarov, stated that 796 damaged properties, including 611 private houses and 147 apartments, had already been inspected, with the survey nearly complete.[112] On 14 January 2021, Heydarov stated that a total of 3,800 facilities were either damaged during the bombardment, while 76 of them were completely in disrepair and cannot be restored. He added that about 600 more facilities was planned to be reviewed.[108]

Amnesty International, on 14 January 2021, reported that in Shikharkh, out of 34 apartment buildings built in the town, at least 25 of them were struck, the roofs of eight buildings were destroyed, and hundreds of other apartments and administrative buildings sustained varying degrees of damage.[113]

Reactions

Azerbaijan

On 14 October, Head of the Foreign Policy Department of the Azerbaijani Presidential Administration, Hikmet Hajiyev, labelled Tartar as the Stalingrad of Azerbaijan.[114]

The following day, the Archbishop of the Diocese of Baku and Azerbaijan of the Russian Orthodox Church, Alexander Ischein, stated that Armenia's "shelling of people in Azerbaijan's Tartar district who participated in the funeral ceremony" was inhuman.[115] On 19 October, the President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, stated that Armenia wanted to "turn Tartar into Stalingrad, into the second Aghdam, Fuzuli."[116] On the same day, the Azerbaijani ombudsman Sabina Aliyeva, in reference to the Armenian shelling of a cemetery in Tartar, stated that the Armenian side had continued to "deliberately fire at the densely populated settlements of Azerbaijan", adding that the "regular shelling of civilian settlements and holy places by the Armenian armed forces proves once again that Armenia".[117]

Turkey

On 15 November, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey strongly condemned the Armenian shelling of a cemetery in Tartar during a funeral ceremony, stating that with the attack, Armenia had "showed the world its unlawful face that is incompatible with humanitarian values".[8] On the same day, members of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey's Human Rights Investigation Commission visited the city of Tartar. Hakan Çavuşoğlu, the chairman of the commission, stated that for the last two days, they've faced "the kind of scenes that people wouldn't think of".[118]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Armenia: Unlawful Rocket, Missile Strikes on Azerbaijan". Human Rights Watch. 11 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Nagorno-Karabakh: Exclusive footage shows bomb damage in border towns as violence continues". Euronews. 5 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Azerbaijan reveals details of casualties, injuries in Tartar inflicted by Armenian troops". MENAFN. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Nagorno-Karabakh: Iran warns of 'regional war' as fighting rages". BBC. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Natiqqizi, Ulkar (11 December 2020). "Azerbaijan: War Leaves Many Homeless". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Armenia/Azerbaijan: First confirmed use of cluster munitions by Armenia 'cruel and reckless'". Amnesty International. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Armenia: Cluster Munitions Kill Civilians in Azerbaijan". Human Rights Watch. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Ankara condemns Armenian attack on Azerbaijan's Terter city". Hürriyet Daily News. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Кладбище в азербайджанском Тертере попало под обстрел. Три человека погибли". Novaya Gazeta (in Russian). 15 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Armenia surrenders to Azerbaijan". Eurasianet. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  11. ^ a b Ismayilov, Rovshan (5 July 2007). "Azerbaijan: Life on the Frontlines". Eurasianet. Retrieved 11 December 2020 – via ReliefWeb.
  12. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikasının şəhər və rayonlarının ərazisi, əhalisinin sayı və sıxlığı" [Territory, population and density of cities and districts of the Republic of Azerbaijan] (in Azerbaijani). State Statistics Committee. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh: Deadly fighting spills into fifth day". Al Jazeera. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  14. ^ Ardillier-Carras, Françoise (2006). Sud-Caucase: conflit du Karabagh et nettoyage ethnique [South Caucasus: Karabakh conflict and ethnic cleansing] (in French). pp. 409–432.
  15. ^ "UNHCR publication for CIS Conference (Displacement in the CIS) – Conflicts in the Caucasus". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  16. ^ Yamskov, A. N. (1991). Ethnic Conflict in the Transcausasus: The Case of Nagorno-Karabakh. Theory and Society. Vol. 20. p. 659.
  17. ^ Hambardzumyan, Viktor (1978). Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Ինքնավար Մարզ (ԼՂԻՄ) [Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Region (NKAO)] (in Armenian). Vol. 4. Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. p. 576.
  18. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh profile". BBC News. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  19. ^ De Waal, Thomas (2013). Black Garden Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War, 10th Year Anniversary Edition, Revised and Updated. ISBN 978-0-8147-7082-5. OCLC 1154881834.
  20. ^ a b "HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN AZERBAIJAN". humanrightsclub.net. 19 June 2019. There are now about 600,000 registered Azerbaijani IDPs – roughly 40,000 from Nagorno-Karabakh and 560,000 from the surrounding seven occupied districts.
  21. ^ a b Toal, Gerard; O’Loughlin, John; Bakke, Kristin M. "Nagorno-Karabakh: what do residents of the contested territory want for their future?". The Conversation. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Military occupation of Azerbaijan by Armenia". Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  23. ^ a b "Armenia/Azerbaijan – Border clashes between the two countries (15 July 2020)". Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (France). Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  24. ^ "Armenia and Azerbaijan fight over disputed Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC. 27 September 2020. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  25. ^ "Armenian, Azerbaijani forces fight over separatist region for 2nd day". Trend News Agency. 28 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Armenia's shelling of Tartar District court in Azerbaijan results in civilian casualties". KTLA. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Assistant to Azerbaijan's President: Police department, town for IDPs in Tartar shelled". Trend News Agency. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  28. ^ "Armenian military forces shelling Azerbaijani Terter city". Trend News Agency. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Two brothers killed in Terter region as result of shelling from Armenian armed forces". Trend News Agency. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  30. ^ "Ermenistan'dan hain saldırı! 2 sivil daha hayatını kaybetti". CNN Türk (in Turkish). 28 September 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  31. ^ "New civilian casualties reported from shelling of Tartar city by Armenian armed forces". Trend News Agency. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Armenian armed forces continue shelling Azerbaijani Tartar city". Trend News Agency. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  33. ^ Bagirova, Nailia; Balmforth, Tom; Chopra, Toby (1 October 2020). "Armenian shell hits bus station in Azerbaijan's Tartar, one dead". Reuters. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  34. ^ "Azerbaijani education ministry: Schools destroyed by Armenian occupation forces in Tartar district". Trend News Agency. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  35. ^ "Armenian armed forces subject settlements, villages of Tartar and Barda districts to massive shelling". Trend News Agency. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  36. ^ "Kindergarten in Azerbaijan's Tartar under fire from Armenian Armed Forces (VIDEO)". Trend News Agency. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  37. ^ "Armenian armed forces shell Azerbaijan's Mingachevir, Terter". Trend News Agency. 4 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  38. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces firing at Azerbaijan's Beylagan, Barda, Tartar". Trend News Agency. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  39. ^ "Armenia continues to shell Azerbaijan's settlements in Tartar, Fuzuli". Trend News Agency. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  40. ^ "Armenia's Grad missile launcher which attacked Azerbaijan's Barda and Tartar destroyed - Assistant to president (VIDEO)". Trend News Agency. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  41. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces continue to shell Azerbaijan's Goranboy, Tartar, Aghdam". Trend News Agency. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  42. ^ "Armenian troops continue shelling Azerbaijani Tartar, Aghdam districts". Trend News Agency. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  43. ^ "Two more Azerbaijani civilians injured during Armenia's shelling of Goranboy, Tartar". Trend News Agency. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  44. ^ "Civilian of Azerbaijani Tartar district heavily wounded from Armenian shelling". Trend News Agency. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  45. ^ "Armenian armed forces shelling Goranboy, Tartar, Aghdam regions". Trend News Agency. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  46. ^ "Azerbaijani Tartar region under fire by Armenian armed forces". Trend News Agency. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  47. ^ "School in Azerbaijani Tartar district's village destroyed by Armenian artillery strikes". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  48. ^ "Armenian armed forces destroy shopping center in Azerbaijan's Tartar district (PHOTO/VIDEO)". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  49. ^ "Destroyed school in Azerbaijan's Tartar (PHOTO / VIDEO)". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  50. ^ "Azerbaijan's Prosecutor General's Office lists names of wounded in Tartar". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  51. ^ "Death toll as result of deliberate shelling of cemetery in Azerbaijan's Tartar by Armenia increases (PHOTO)". Trend News Agency. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  52. ^ "Azerbaijan discloses names of those killed, wounded at Tartar cemetery during Armenian armed forces' shelling". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  53. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh: 'Three dead' in attack at Azerbaijan cemetery". Al Jazeera. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  54. ^ Ali, Samir (18 October 2020). "Armenian armed forces fire two shells at school in Azerbaijan's Tartar". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  55. ^ "Civilian wounded in Azerbaijan's Tartar district from Armenian shelling (PHOTO/VIDEO)". Trend News Agency. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  56. ^ "2 civilians killed during shelling of Azerbaijan's Tartar by Armenian armed forces". Trend News Agency. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  57. ^ "Azerbaijan's Goranboy, Tartar subjected to artillery, missile fire from Armenia". Trend News Agency. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  58. ^ "Armenian armed forces shelling Azerbaijani Tartar district". Trend News Agency. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  59. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces intensively shelling Tartar, Aghdam and Aghjabadi districts - MoD". Trend News Agency. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  60. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling settlements in Azerbaijan's Tartar and Barda". Trend News Agency. 24 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  61. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling settlements in Azerbaijan's Tartar and Barda". Trend News Agency. 24 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  62. ^ "Armenia's missile fire on Azerbaijan's Tartar kill 16-year old teenager - top official". Trend News Agency. 24 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  63. ^ Ersöz, Seyfettin (25 October 2020). "Ermenistan saldırısında iki çocuk can verdi". Hürriyet. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  64. ^ "Armenia: Cluster Munitions Used in Multiple Attacks on Azerbaijan". Human Rights Watch. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  65. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijani Aghdam, Tartar and Agjabedi regions - MoD". Trend News Agency. 25 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  66. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijani Tartar region". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  67. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces fire at Azerbaijan's Tartar district". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  68. ^ "Armenian armed forces shelling Tartar city with artillery, missiles in gross breach of humanitarian ceasefire". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  69. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan's Tartar city, villages". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  70. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shell Azerbaijan's Tartar by using 'Smerch' missiles". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  71. ^ "Azerbaijan neutralizes one of 3 missiles shot by Armenian troops at Azerbaijan's Tartar". Trend News Agency. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  72. ^ "Armenian troops shelling Azerbaiajni Tartar district's city, villages". Trend News Agency. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  73. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan's Goranboy, Tartar and Barda districts". Trend News Agency. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  74. ^ "Azerbaijan's Tartar district subjected to artillery fire - MoD". Trend News Agency. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  75. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces attack Tartar district from Smerch missile system". Trend News Agency. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  76. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan's Tartar again". Trend News Agency. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  77. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces again fire at Azerbaijan's Tartar by using Grad multiple rocket launchers". Trend News Agency. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  78. ^ "Assistant to Azerbaijani President due in Barda, Tartar together with diplomatic corps". Trend News Agency. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  79. ^ "Assistant to Azerbaijani president, foreign diplomats visit Tartar". Trend News Agency. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  80. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces fired on Azerbaijan's Goranboy, Tartar districts - MoD". Trend News Agency. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  81. ^ Isabalayeva, Ilhama (29 October 2020). "Armenian leadership shelled Tartar ignoring visit of diplomats - President's aide". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  82. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan's Goranboy, Tartar, Barda". Trend News Agency. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  83. ^ "Armenia fires Smerch missile at Alasgarli village of Azerbaijani Tartar region". Trend News Agency. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  84. ^ "Azerbaijani Tartar, Aghdam, and Aghjabedi districts come under artillery fire". Trend News Agency. 31 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  85. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijani Tartar city, Agjabedi region". Trend News Agency. 1 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  86. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces subject Azerbaijan's Tartar, Goranboy districts to massive shelling". Trend News Agency. 2 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  87. ^ Ali, Samir (3 November 2020). "Armenian Armed Forces shell cemetery in Azerbaijan's Tartar, destroying many graves (PHOTO)". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  88. ^ Mammadli, Nargiz (6 November 2020). "Armenia's Army Drops White Phosphorus Bombs On Civilians In Azerbaijan". Caspian News. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  89. ^ "Armenia uses banned white phosphorous shells against civilian population – PHOTO FACT VIDEO". Azerbaijan State News Agency. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  90. ^ "Armenia, Azerbaijan trade accusations again after new attacks". Al Jazeera. 31 October 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  91. ^ "Lawsuit on the fact of the use of white phosphorus by Armenians in Karabakh". Turan Information Agency. 20 November 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  92. ^ "Armenian troops shell villages of Azerbaijan's Tartar, Aghjabadi districts, MoD says". Trend News Agency. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  93. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shelling Azerbaijan's Tartar city - Defense Ministry". Trend News Agency. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  94. ^ "Armenian forces shell city of Terter, Azerbaijan says". TASS. 5 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  95. ^ "Armenian troops shelling Azerbaijani Tartar, Aghjabedi regions". Trend News Agency. 7 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  96. ^ "Azerbaijani civilian wounded as result of Armenian shelling of Tartar region". Trend News Agency. 7 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  97. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces shell Azerbaijani villages of Tartar, Aghdam, and Aghjabedi". Trend News Agency. 8 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  98. ^ "Armenian troops shell Azerbaijan's Tartar, Aghdam districts". Trend News Agency. 8 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  99. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces bombard Tartar's Askipara village, inflict serious damages (PHOTO)". Trend News Agency. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  100. ^ "55-year-old wounded as Armenian troops shell Azerbaijani Tartar - Prosecutor General's Office". Trend News Agency. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  101. ^ "Armenian Armed Forces subjected Tartar to artillery fire - MoD". Trend News Agency. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  102. ^ "Путин выступил с заявлением о прекращении огня в Карабахе" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  103. ^ "Пашинян заявил о прекращении боевых действий в Карабахе" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  104. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh: Russia deploys peacekeeping troops to region". BBC News. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  105. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (10 November 2020). "Facing Military Debacle, Armenia Accepts a Deal in Nagorno-Karabakh War" – via NYTimes.com.
  106. ^ "Deal Struck to End Nagorno-Karabakh War". The Moscow Times. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  107. ^ "After War: Azeris Gather in City Square to Pick up The Pieces". Al Bawaba. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  108. ^ a b "Azerbaijan discloses number of facilities destroyed in Terter by Armenian army". Vestnik Kavkaza. 14 January 2021. Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  109. ^ "Residents flee Azerbaijani town of Tartar as Nagorno-Karabakh conflict escalates". France24. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  110. ^ "Assistant to president: Over 2,000 shells fell in Azerbaijan's Tartar district today". Trend News Agency. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  111. ^ "Ermənistanın təcavüzü nəticəsində dəymiş ziyanın qiymətləndirilməsi üzrə Dövlət Komissiyasının 11 işçi qrupu yaradılıb". Azeri Press Agency (in Azerbaijani). 13 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  112. ^ "İşçi Qrupun rəhbəri: "Tərtərdə işləri yekunlaşdırmaq üçün daha 3 köməkçi qrup yaradılacaq"". Azeri Press Agency (in Azerbaijani). 24 November 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  113. ^ "IN THE LINE OF FIRE" (PDF). Amnesty International. 14 January 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2021 – via ReliefWeb.
  114. ^ "Assistant to Azerbaijani president calls Tartar 'Stalingrad' of Azerbaijan". Trend News Agency. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  115. ^ Mehdiyev, Elchin (15 October 2020). "Hard to grasp shelling of people in funeral ceremony in Azerbaijan's Tartar - Archbishop". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  116. ^ "Armenia wants to turn Tartar into Stalingrad, into the second Aghdam, Fuzuli, says Azerbaijani president". Trend News Agency. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  117. ^ "Ombudsman issues appeal regarding shelling on cemetery in Tartar city of Azerbaijan". Trend News Agency. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  118. ^ Özkan, Berk (15 October 2020). "TBMM üyeleri Ermenistan'ın saldırılarında sivillerin öldüğü Berde ve Terter'i ziyaret etti". Anadolu Agency (in Turkish). Retrieved 11 December 2020.

External links

Media related to Bombardment of Tartar at Wikimedia Commons