Bonnot Gang

Summary

The Bonnot Gang (La Bande à Bonnot) was a French criminal anarchist group that operated in France and Belgium during the late Belle Époque, from 1911 to 1912. Composed of individuals who identified with the emerging illegalist milieu, the gang used cutting-edge technology (including automobiles and repeating rifles) not yet available to the French police.

Caricature of the Bonnot gang

Originally referred to by the press as simply "The Auto Bandits", the gang was dubbed "The Bonnot Gang" after Jules Bonnot gave an interview at the office of Le Petit Parisien, a popular daily paper. Bonnot's perceived prominence within the group was later reinforced by his high-profile death during a shootout with French police in Choisy-le-Roi.

MembersEdit

Principal gang members included:

Crime spreeEdit

 
Illustration of the robbery of Société Générale Bank in Chantilly on March 25, 1912

The first robbery by Bonnot's Gang was on December 21, 1911 at the AB Branch of Société Générale Bank, located at 148 rue Ordener in the 18th Arrondissement of Paris. They shot a collection clerk in the neck and lung (yet he survived) and snatched his cash bags.[1]

On March 25, 1912, the gang stole a de Dion-Bouton automobile in the Forest of Sénart south of Paris by shooting the driver through the heart.[2] They drove into Chantilly north of Paris where they robbed the local branch of Société Générale Bank – fatally shooting two bank cashiers and severely wounding a bookkeeper.[1]

Sûreté Chief Xavier Guichard took the matter personally. Even politicians became concerned, increasing police funding by 800,000 francs. Banks began to prepare for forthcoming robberies and many cashiers armed themselves. The Société Générale promised a reward of 100,000 francs for information that would lead to arrests.[1]

See moreEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c ""Skedaddle!" The Bonnot Gang targets Societe Generale". Societe Generale. January 10, 2017. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  2. ^ Richard Parry: The Bonnot gang. Rebel Press, 1987, ISBN 978-0-946061-04-4, p. 115.

Further readingEdit

  • Cacucci, Pino. (2006) Without a Glimmer of Remorse. ChristieBooks. ISBN 1-873976-28-3.
  • Imrie, Doug. (1994) The Illegalists. Anarchy: A Journal of Desire Armed.
  • Merriman, John M. (2017). Ballad of the Anarchist Bandits: The Crime Spree that Gripped Belle Epoque Paris. Nation Books. ISBN 978-1568589886.
  • Parry, Richard. (1987) The Bonnot Gang. Rebel Press. ISBN 0-946061-04-1.

FilmEdit

  • Bandits en automobile, 1912 docudrama by Victorin-Hippolyte Jasset
  • Episode of Val-de-Marne TV "Histories of the Marne" dedicated to the Bonnot Gang

External linksEdit

  • [1] The Bonnot Gang: The story of the French Illegalists, by Richard Parry, hosted by libcom.org.