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As of 2018, five firms in France rank among the world's biggest publishers of books in terms of revenue: Éditions Lefebvre Sarrut , Groupe Albin Michel, Groupe Madrigall (including Éditions Gallimard), Hachette Livre (including Éditions Grasset), and Martinière Groupe (including Éditions du Seuil).[nb 1]
In Paris in 1470, Martin Crantz, Michael Freyburger, and Ulrich Gering produced the first printed book in France, Epistolae (letters), by Gasparinus de Bergamo. In 1476 in Lyon appeared one of the first printed French-language books, La Légende Dorée (Golden Legend) by Jacobus da Varagine.
The French royal library began at the Louvre Palace in 1368 during the reign of Charles V, opened to the public in 1692, and became the Bibliothèque nationale de France in 1792. The Centre National du Livre (Center for the Book) formed in 1946. The Salon Livre Paris began in 1981.
The history of the book in France has been studied from a variety of cultural, economic, political, and social angles. Influential scholars include Roger Chartier, Robert Darnton, Elizabeth Eisenstein, and Henri-Jean Martin.
The Cercle de la LibrairieSyndicat National de la Librairie Ancienne et Moderne booksellers association in 1914.(book trade union) organized in 1847 in Paris, and the
Cercle de la Librairie in Paris, built in 1879 (photo 2010)
Bookseller, Place de la Bastille, Paris, ca. 1910
Outdoor bookselling in Lyon, 2008
Reader on the Pont des Arts, Paris, 2009
L'ArmitièreRouen, est. 1963 (photo 2013)bookshop in
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