Bosnia Vilayet
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
1867–1908 de jure
1867–1878 de facto[1]
Flag of Bosnia Vilayet
Bosnia Vilayet, Ottoman Balkans, 1880s.png
The Bosnia Vilayet in the 1880s
CapitalSaraybosna
Area 
• 1871
46,000 km2 (18,000 sq mi)
Population 
• 1871
1,232,000
History 
1867
• Austro-Hungarian occupation
1878
• Austro-Hungarian annexation
1908
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bosnia Eyalet
Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Today part of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Montenegro
Sources for population;[2] area[3]

The Bosnia Vilayet was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, mostly comprising the territory of the present-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with minor parts of modern Montenegro. It bordered Kosovo Vilayet to the south. Before the administrative reform in 1867, it was called the Bosnia Eyalet. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 46,000 square kilometres (17,900 sq mi).[3]

It effectively ceased to exist as an Ottoman province after the Austro-Hungarian campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, although it formally existed for thirty more years until 1908, despite being governed by Austria-Hungary. This excluded Old Herzegovina, which was ceded to the Principality of Montenegro in 1878. In 1908, during the Bosnian Crisis, Austria-Hungary formally annexed it into its own territory.

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[4]

  1. Sanjak of Bosnia (Kazas of Visoka, Foyniça, Çayniça, Vişegrad, Çelebipazar and Kladine)
  2. Sanjak of Izvornik (Its center was Tuzla, kazas of Maglay, Gradçaniça, Gradaçaç, Breçka, Bjelina, İzvornik and Birçe)
  3. Sanjak of Banaluka (Kazas of Gradişka, Derbend and Teşene)
  4. Sanjak of Hersek (Its center was Mostar, kazas of Foça, Koniça, Dumna, Liyubuşka, İstolça, Trebin, Bileke, Nikşik and Gaçka)
  5. Sanjak of Travnik (Kazas of Yayçe, Akhisar, Glamoç and İhlivne)
  6. Sanjak of Bihke (Kazas of Klyuç, Novosel, Sazın, Krupa, Kostayniça and Priyedor)

Languages

The Bosnian language was used as the second official language of this vilayet.[5]

See also

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Bosnia and Herzegovina
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References

  1. ^ In 1878, Austria-Hungary invaded and occupied Bosnia from the Ottoman Empire.
  2. ^ Palairet, Michael R. "The Balkan Economies c.1800-1914: Evolution without Development".
  3. ^ a b Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
  4. ^ Bosna Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  5. ^ Strauss, Johann (2010). "A Constitution for a Multilingual Empire: Translations of the Kanun-ı Esasi and Other Official Texts into Minority Languages". In Herzog, Christoph; Malek Sharif (eds.). The First Ottoman Experiment in Democracy. Wurzburg. pp. 21–51. (info page on book at Martin Luther University) - Cited: p. 34 (PDF p. 36)
  • Markus Koller and Kemal H. Karpat, Ottoman Bosnia: A History in Peril, University of Wisconsin Press (2004) ISBN 0-299-20714-5
  • Matija Mazuranic, A Glance into Ottoman Bosnia, Saqi Books (2007)

External links

  • Media related to Bosnia Vilayet at Wikimedia Commons