Bowling Green
 "4" train"5" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Bowling Green IRT 001.JPG
Platform for trains going to Brooklyn (right)
Station statistics
AddressBattery Place & Broadway
New York, NY 10004
BoroughManhattan
LocaleFinancial District
Coordinates40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.704106°N 74.014521°W / 40.704106; -74.014521Coordinates: 40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.704106°N 74.014521°W / 40.704106; -74.014521
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services      4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M20, M55, SIM1, SIM2, SIM4, SIM4X, SIM5, SIM5X, SIM15, SIM32, SIM34, SIM35, X27, X28
Bus transport MTA Bus: BM1, BM2, BM3, BM4, BxM18, QM7, QM8, QM11, QM25
Bus transport Bee-Line Bus: BxM4C
Bus transport NJT Bus: 120
Ferry transportation Staten Island Ferry (at Whitehall Terminal)
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 side platform
2 island platforms (1 in use, 1 abandoned)
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJuly 10, 1905; 114 years ago (1905-07-10)
Station code414[1]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2018)8,251,885[3]Increase 0.2%
Rank39 out of 424
Station succession
Next northWall Street: 4 all times5 all except late nights
Next southBorough Hall: 4 all times5 weekdays only
(Terminal): 5 evenings and weekends
South Ferry (loops; closed): no service


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northFulton Street: 4 all times5 all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southAtlantic Avenue–Barclays Center: 4 all times5 weekdays only
none: 5 evenings and weekends
Battery Park Control House
Bowling Green station 1.jpg
Station headhouse on Battery Park dates to 1905
Bowling Green station is located in New York City
Bowling Green station
Location of station in New York City
Bowling Green station is located in New York
Bowling Green station
Bowling Green station (New York)
Bowling Green station is located in the United States
Bowling Green station
Bowling Green station (the United States)
Coordinates40°42′15″N 74°00′52″W / 40.704106°N 74.014521°W / 40.704106; -74.014521
Built1905
ArchitectHeins & LaFarge
MPSInterborough Rapid Transit Subway Control Houses TR
NRHP reference #80002669
Added to NRHPMay 6, 1980[4]

Bowling Green is a station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at Broadway and Battery Place (at the Bowling Green), in the Financial District of Manhattan. It is served by the 4 train at all times and the 5 train at all times except late nights.

History

The station was originally built with a single island platform; a station head house at the south end, in Battery Park; and a secondary entrance at the northern end of the platform, adjacent to Bowling Green Park.[5] When the station opened on July 10, 1905, there was as yet no IRT service to Brooklyn, and all Lexington Avenue trains terminated at South Ferry, using the outer-loop platform.[6] After the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened in 1908, some Lexington Avenue trains continued to terminate at South Ferry, even during rush hours, while others went to Brooklyn. This service pattern was soon found to be inadequate for the high volume of Brooklyn riders.

Just three months after the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened, construction began on the third track and the western island platform at Bowling Green. Once they were completed in 1909, all rush-hour trains were sent to Brooklyn, with a two-car Bowling Green–South Ferry Shuttle train providing service to South Ferry during those times. Even after the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line local service (1 train) began to South Ferry in 1918, the shuttle remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1977 due to budget cuts.[7]

The entire station was renovated in 1978, even the shuttle platform. The 1978 renovation covered over the original Heins & LaFarge mosaic "tapestries" that were along the walls. The 1970s renovation also led to the construction of the eastern side platform, again due to high passenger volume on the island platform. Additional exits were requested and an underpass was built, funneling some of the traffic away from the headhouse exit at the south end. This led to the station's current configuration, with uptown trains using the side platform, and Brooklyn-bound trains using the island platform (similar to the configuration at Broadway Junction on the BMT Canarsie Line).

Station layout

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
P
Platform
level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound "4" train toward Woodlawn (Wall Street)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue all times except nights, or Nereid Avenue rush hours (Wall Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for southbound trains only Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound "4" train toward Crown Heights–Utica Avenue (New Lots Avenue late nights) (Borough Hall)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays until 8:45pm (Borough Hall)
"5" train termination track (late evenings and weekends) (No service: South Ferry loops)
Island platform, not in service, fits 3 cars
Shuttle No passenger service (No service: South Ferry loops)
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Track layout
Legend
"4" train"5" train to Wall St
"4" train"5" train
Bowling Green
"5" train loop
"1" train South Ferry (right)
SF Loops (far left)
Legend
"1" train service, lower level
"1" train service, upper level
"4" train"5" train service
Non-revenue tracks

The station has two tracks and two platforms in service: a center island platform that serves southbound and terminating trains, and a side platform that serves northbound trains. A fence is located along the edge of the island platform, preventing northbound trains from releasing passengers onto the island platform. The fare control now consists of the restored headhouse entrance at the south end, which serves only the island platform, and various other entrances that lead to the eastern side platform and down to a large fare control area in the underpass.

An abandoned and walled off island platform and track on the west side of the station were formerly used by the Bowling Green–South Ferry Shuttle to the inner platform at South Ferry.

South of the station, the tracks diverge into two sets. One set (the inner tracks) enter the Joralemon Street Tunnel to travel to Brooklyn: this route is used by the 4 train at all times and the 5 train on weekdays until 8:45pm. The outer tracks continue to the closed South Ferry inner loop station, which is used by the 5 train when it short turns at this station during weekends and late weekday evenings.

Two elevators make the station ADA-accessible. One connects street level with the fare control area below the platforms and tracks with an intermediate stop at the main northbound fare control area while the other connects the Brooklyn-bound platform with the fare control area below.

Exits

The station has three street stairs, an elevator, a set of escalators, and an original control house. At the station's north end at Bowling Green, two street stairs are located at the northwestern corner of the T-intersection of State Street and Broadway. The elevator is at the northeastern corner of said intersection. There is a glass-canopied stairs-and-escalator entrance in front of the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House's north elevation, just around the corner from two entrances to the Whitehall Street–South Ferry station on the BMT Broadway Line (which are set into the building's eastern elevation).[8]

Control house

At the south end of the station is the original head house, known as the Bowling Green IRT Control House or Battery Park Control House, on the west side of State Street south of Broadway. This subway entrance was designed by Heins & LaFarge and built in 1905 on the west side of State Street, across from the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House.[9] It has turnstiles at street level and stairs down to the island platform.

Along with its twin, the old control house for the 72nd Street station, this building is a reminder of the glory of New York's first subway company, the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, predecessor to the current numbered routes. Although most of the original subway's entry points had steel and glass kiosks (for example, Astor Place), important stations like this one were marked with a brick and stone control house, which were referred to as such because they helped control the passenger flow. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Lower Manhattan transit
Legend
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall  4  5  (  6 )
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (  E ) Chambers Street–WTC
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
Cortlandt Street  R  W 
(  HOB   NWK ) World Trade Center
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
Broad Street (  J  Z )
 R  (  1   W ) South Ferry/Whitehall Street

Artwork

The Bowling Green station has lightboxes with rotating content. The current exhibition, since April 2015, is "Breaking Ground", featuring pictures taken by Patrick J. Cashin of MTA Capital Construction projects such as the 7 Subway Extension, Second Avenue Subway, and East Side Access. Some of these photos can be seen on the MTA's Flickr account as well.[10]

Image gallery

References

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
  5. ^ "Photo of Bowling Green Station entrance in Bowling Green Park".
  6. ^ "SUBWAY TRAINS RUNNING FROM BRONX TO BATTERY; West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight. START WITHOUT A HITCH Bowling Green Station Also Opened -- Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  7. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph (1977-01-15). "Transit Cuts Approved by M.T.A.; Reductions Will Begin Next Month" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
  8. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower Manhattan" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  9. ^ Framberger, David J. "Architectural Designs For New York's First Subway". Survey Number HAER NY-122, pp. 365-412. National Park Service Department of the Interior Washington, DC. 20240. Retrieved 26 December 2010.
  10. ^ "New Photography Exhibit Tracks Progress of MTA Capital Projects". mta.info. 10 April 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.

Further reading

  • Lee Stokey. Subway Ceramics : A History and Iconography. 1994. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0

External links

  • nycsubway.org – IRT East Side Line: Bowling Green
  • nycsubway.org — The Essence of Time Artwork by Nicole Bengiveno (2007)
  • nycsubway.org — A Way To Go Artwork by Zach DeSart (2009)
  • Station Reporter — 4 Train
  • Station Reporter — 5 Train
  • Abandoned Stations — Bowling Green & South Ferry platforms
  • Battery Place and Broadway / State Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
  • Bowling Green entrance from Google Maps Street View
  • Control house from Google Maps Street View
  • Platforms from Google Maps Street View