Brachina meteorite


Brachina meteorite
TypePrimitive achondrite
ClassAsteroidal achondrite
Compositionolivine, plagioclase, clinopyroxene, iron-sulfide, chromite, chlorapatite, pentlandite, meteoric iron, melt inclusions
RegionSouth Australia
Coordinates31°18′00″S 138°23′00″E / 31.300000°S 138.383333°E / -31.300000; 138.383333Coordinates: 31°18′00″S 138°23′00″E / 31.300000°S 138.383333°E / -31.300000; 138.383333
Observed fallNo
Found date26 May 1974
TKW202.85 grams (7.155 oz) (2 fragments)

The Brachina meteorite is the type specimen of the brachinites class of the asteroidal achondrites.

Naming and discovery

The meteorite is named after Brachina in South Australia. Two fragments (total 200 g) were found by B.M. Eves at 31°18′00″S 138°23′00″E / 31.300000°S 138.383333°E / -31.300000; 138.383333 on 26 May 1974.[1]


The mineral composition of the Brachina meteorite is olivine (80%), plagioclase (10%), Clinopyroxene (5.5%), iron-sulfide (3%), chromite (0.5%), chlorapatite (0.5%) and pentlandite (0.3%) and traces of meteoric iron. Melt inclusions consist of glass with orthopyroxene and anorthoclase. The chemical and mineralogical composition is similar to the Chassigny meteorite, but the trace elements are fundamentally different.[2]

Parent body

Melt inclusions indicate that there were melting processes active on the brachinite parent body.[2]


The meteorite was classified as a chassignite in 1978,[3] but in 1983 trace element analysis showed that the Brachina meteorite was fundamentally different from Chassigny. It was therefore proposed that the meteorite should be the type specimen of a new meteorite class, the brachinites.[2] This classification has remained valid since then.[1][4]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Brachina". Meteoritical Society. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Nehru, C. E.; Prinz, M.; Delaney, J. S.; Dreibus, G.; Palme, H.; Spettel, B.; Wänke, H. (1 January 1983). "Brachina: A new type of meteorite, not a chassignite". Journal of Geophysical Research. 88 (S01): B237. Bibcode:1983JGR....88..237N. doi:10.1029/JB088iS01p0B237.
  3. ^ Graham, A. L. (1978). The Meteoritical Bulletin. 55: 331. Bibcode:1978Metic..13..327G. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Grady, Monica M. (2000). Catalogue of meteorites (5th ed. rev. and enl. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521663038.