British National Committee for Space Research

Summary

British National Committee for Space Research
AbbreviationBNCSR
Formation18 December 1958
PurposeSpace exploration research in the UK
Region served
UK
Membership
Space scientists, physicists
Chairman
Sir Harrie Massey
Parent organization
Royal Society
AffiliationsCommittee on Space Research

The British National Committee for Space Research (BNCSR) was a Royal Society committee formed in December 1958. It was formed primarily to be Britain's interface with the newly-formed Committee on Space Research (COSPAR).

History

In October 1958, the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) proposed to form a committee for space research. The Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) was the result of the proposal and first met in November 1958.[1] Britain desired a new committee to interface with COSPAR and to organise British spaceflight activities after the International Geophysical Year (IGY).[1][2] The Royal Society consolidated the Gassiot Committee's rocket and the National IGY Committee's artificial satellite subcommittees into the newly formed British National Committee for Space Research (BNCSR).[3] The BNCSR was officially formed on 18 December 1958 and selected its members 12 February 1959.[3][4] The 28-person committee was chaired by Harrie Massey and had W. V. D. Hodge as the physical secretary.[4][5] The subcommittees that were to be incorporated into BNCSR submitted their final reports during the committee's first meeting on 4 March 1959 and were officially dissolved.[6]

Subcommittees

The BNCSR formed three subcommittees: Tracking Analysis and Data Recovery (TADREC, chaired by J. A. Ratcliffe),[7] Design for Experiments (DOE, chaired by Massey), and another to coordinate with the World Data Centre at Radio Research Station (RRS) at Slough (chaired by E. Bullard).[8][6]

TADREC took over the work National IGY Committee's artificial satellite subcommittee.[9]

DOE continued the work of the National IGY Committee's artificial satellite subcommittee.[9] The new subcommittee had two initials tasks: to find artificial satellites to launch on and to consider if it was worth providing attitude control to Skylark for better scientific results.[8]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Massie & Robins 1986, p. 59.
  2. ^ Millard 2005, p. 9.
  3. ^ a b Massie & Robins 1986, p. 62.
  4. ^ a b Pounds 2010, p. S69.
  5. ^ Godwin 2007, p. 62.
  6. ^ a b Massie & Robins 1986, p. 63.
  7. ^ King-Hele 2005, p. 71.
  8. ^ a b Pounds 2010, p. S70.
  9. ^ a b Massie & Robins 1986, p. 64.

References

  • Godwin, Matthew (2007). The Skylark Rocket: British Space Science and the European Space Research Organisation, 1957–1972. Editions Beauchesne. ISBN 9782701015118.
  • Massie, Harrie; Robins, M. O. (1986). History of British Space Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 106–108. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511898075. ISBN 9780511898075.
  • King-Hele, D. (2005). A Tapestry of Orbits. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521017329.
  • Millard, Douglas (April 2005). "An Overview of United Kingdom Space Activity 1957–1987" (PDF). The Netherlands: ESA. ISSN 1683-4704. HSR-36.
  • Pounds, Ken (14 July 2010). "The Royal Society's formative role in UK space research". pp. S65–S76. doi:10.1098/rsnr.2010.0039. ISSN 1743-0178.