Bromine monochloride

Summary

Bromine monochloride
structural diagram
space-filling molecular model
BrCl.jpg
Names
Other names
bromine(I) chloride
bromochloride
bromine chloride
Identifiers
  • 13863-41-7 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 55600 checkY
ECHA InfoCard 100.034.169 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 237-601-4
  • 61697
RTECS number
  • EF9200000
UNII
  • 7G62XY5724
UN number 2901
  • DTXSID4035259 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/BrCl/c1-2 checkY
    Key: CODNYICXDISAEA-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/BrCl/c1-2
    Key: CODNYICXDISAEA-UHFFFAOYAZ
  • BrCl
Properties
BrCl
Molar mass 115.357 g/mol
Density 2.172 g/cm3
Melting point −54 °C (−65 °F; 219 K)
Boiling point 5 °C (41 °F; 278 K)
Solubility in water 8.5 g/L
Hazards
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Bromine monochloride, also called bromine(I) chloride, bromochloride, and bromine chloride, is an interhalogen inorganic compound with chemical formula BrCl. It is a very reactive golden yellow gas with boiling point 5 °C and melting point −66 °C. Its CAS number is 13863-41-7 and its EINECS number is 237-601-4.[1] It is a strong oxidizing agent.

Uses

Bromine monochloride is used in analytical chemistry in determining low levels of mercury, to quantitatively oxidize mercury in the sample to Hg(II) state.

Bromine monochloride is used as a biocide, specifically as an algaecide, fungicide, and disinfectant, in industrial recirculating cooling water systems.

Addition of bromine monochloride is used in some types of Li-SO2 batteries to increase voltage and energy density.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Gangolli, S.; Royal Society of Chemistry (1999). The Dictionary of Substances and Their Effects. p. 676. ISBN 0-85404-808-1.
  2. ^ "Battery Chemistry - Lithium / Thionyl Chloride". GlobalSpec. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. Retrieved 2008-07-09.