Brumaire

Summary

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Brumaire (French pronunciation: ​[bʁymɛʁ]) was the second month in the French Republican calendar. The month was named after the French word for fog, brume, fog occurring frequently in France at that time of the year.

Brumaire was the second month of the autumn quarter (mois d'automne). It started between 22 October and 24 October. It ended between 20 November and 22 November. It follows the Vendémiaire and precedes the Frimaire.

In political/historical usage, Brumaire can refer to the coup of 18 Brumaire in the year VIII (9 November 1799), by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it with the Consulate, as referenced by Karl Marx in his pamphlet, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, in which Marx parallels Napoleon's original coup with the later 1851 Coup of his nephew, Louis-Napoleon.


3 Brumaire III   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Wednesday22 October 1794 2 Thursday23 October 1794 3 Friday24 October 1794 4 Saturday25 October 1794 5 Sunday26 October 1794 6 Monday27 October 1794 7 Tuesday28 October 1794 8 Wednesday29 October 1794 9 Thursday30 October 1794 10 Friday31 October 1794 décade 5 11 Saturday1 November 1794 12 Sunday2 November 1794 13 Monday3 November 1794 14 Tuesday4 November 1794 15 Wednesday5 November 1794 16 Thursday6 November 1794 17 Friday7 November 1794 18 Saturday8 November 1794 19 Sunday9 November 1794 20 Monday10 November 1794 décade 6 21 Tuesday11 November 1794 22 Wednesday12 November 1794 23 Thursday13 November 1794 24 Friday14 November 1794 25 Saturday15 November 1794 26 Sunday16 November 1794 27 Monday17 November 1794 28 Tuesday18 November 1794 29 Wednesday19 November 1794 30 Thursday20 November 1794 10 h Paris 7h86m48s Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich


Conversion between Republican and Gregorian calendar for the years I - XIV
1 Brumaire I   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Monday22 October 1792 2 Tuesday23 October 1792 3 Wednesday24 October 1792 4 Thursday25 October 1792 5 Friday26 October 1792 6 Saturday27 October 1792 7 Sunday28 October 1792 8 Monday29 October 1792 9 Tuesday30 October 1792 10 Wednesday31 October 1792 décade 5 11 Thursday1 November 1792 12 Friday2 November 1792 13 Saturday3 November 1792 14 Sunday4 November 1792 15 Monday5 November 1792 16 Tuesday6 November 1792 17 Wednesday7 November 1792 18 Thursday8 November 1792 19 Friday9 November 1792 20 Saturday10 November 1792 décade 6 21 Sunday11 November 1792 22 Monday12 November 1792 23 Tuesday13 November 1792 24 Wednesday14 November 1792 25 Thursday15 November 1792 26 Friday16 November 1792 27 Saturday17 November 1792 28 Sunday18 November 1792 29 Monday19 November 1792 30 Tuesday20 November 1792 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
2 Brumaire II   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Tuesday22 October 1793 2 Wednesday23 October 1793 3 Thursday24 October 1793 4 Friday25 October 1793 5 Saturday26 October 1793 6 Sunday27 October 1793 7 Monday28 October 1793 8 Tuesday29 October 1793 9 Wednesday30 October 1793 10 Thursday31 October 1793 décade 5 11 Friday1 November 1793 12 Saturday2 November 1793 13 Sunday3 November 1793 14 Monday4 November 1793 15 Tuesday5 November 1793 16 Wednesday6 November 1793 17 Thursday7 November 1793 18 Friday8 November 1793 19 Saturday9 November 1793 20 Sunday10 November 1793 décade 6 21 Monday11 November 1793 22 Tuesday12 November 1793 23 Wednesday13 November 1793 24 Thursday14 November 1793 25 Friday15 November 1793 26 Saturday16 November 1793 27 Sunday17 November 1793 28 Monday18 November 1793 29 Tuesday19 November 1793 30 Wednesday20 November 1793 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
3 Brumaire III   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Wednesday22 October 1794 2 Thursday23 October 1794 3 Friday24 October 1794 4 Saturday25 October 1794 5 Sunday26 October 1794 6 Monday27 October 1794 7 Tuesday28 October 1794 8 Wednesday29 October 1794 9 Thursday30 October 1794 10 Friday31 October 1794 décade 5 11 Saturday1 November 1794 12 Sunday2 November 1794 13 Monday3 November 1794 14 Tuesday4 November 1794 15 Wednesday5 November 1794 16 Thursday6 November 1794 17 Friday7 November 1794 18 Saturday8 November 1794 19 Sunday9 November 1794 20 Monday10 November 1794 décade 6 21 Tuesday11 November 1794 22 Wednesday12 November 1794 23 Thursday13 November 1794 24 Friday14 November 1794 25 Saturday15 November 1794 26 Sunday16 November 1794 27 Monday17 November 1794 28 Tuesday18 November 1794 29 Wednesday19 November 1794 30 Thursday20 November 1794 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
4 Brumaire IV   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Friday23 October 1795 2 Saturday24 October 1795 3 Sunday25 October 1795 4 Monday26 October 1795 5 Tuesday27 October 1795 6 Wednesday28 October 1795 7 Thursday29 October 1795 8 Friday30 October 1795 9 Saturday31 October 1795 10 Sunday1 November 1795 décade 5 11 Monday2 November 1795 12 Tuesday3 November 1795 13 Wednesday4 November 1795 14 Thursday5 November 1795 15 Friday6 November 1795 16 Saturday7 November 1795 17 Sunday8 November 1795 18 Monday9 November 1795 19 Tuesday10 November 1795 20 Wednesday11 November 1795 décade 6 21 Thursday12 November 1795 22 Friday13 November 1795 23 Saturday14 November 1795 24 Sunday15 November 1795 25 Monday16 November 1795 26 Tuesday17 November 1795 27 Wednesday18 November 1795 28 Thursday19 November 1795 29 Friday20 November 1795 30 Saturday21 November 1795 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
5 Brumaire V   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Saturday22 October 1796 2 Sunday23 October 1796 3 Monday24 October 1796 4 Tuesday25 October 1796 5 Wednesday26 October 1796 6 Thursday27 October 1796 7 Friday28 October 1796 8 Saturday29 October 1796 9 Sunday30 October 1796 10 Monday31 October 1796 décade 5 11 Tuesday1 November 1796 12 Wednesday2 November 1796 13 Thursday3 November 1796 14 Friday4 November 1796 15 Saturday5 November 1796 16 Sunday6 November 1796 17 Monday7 November 1796 18 Tuesday8 November 1796 19 Wednesday9 November 1796 20 Thursday10 November 1796 décade 6 21 Friday11 November 1796 22 Saturday12 November 1796 23 Sunday13 November 1796 24 Monday14 November 1796 25 Tuesday15 November 1796 26 Wednesday16 November 1796 27 Thursday17 November 1796 28 Friday18 November 1796 29 Saturday19 November 1796 30 Sunday20 November 1796 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
6 Brumaire VI   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Sunday22 October 1797 2 Monday23 October 1797 3 Tuesday24 October 1797 4 Wednesday25 October 1797 5 Thursday26 October 1797 6 Friday27 October 1797 7 Saturday28 October 1797 8 Sunday29 October 1797 9 Monday30 October 1797 10 Tuesday31 October 1797 décade 5 11 Wednesday1 November 1797 12 Thursday2 November 1797 13 Friday3 November 1797 14 Saturday4 November 1797 15 Sunday5 November 1797 16 Monday6 November 1797 17 Tuesday7 November 1797 18 Wednesday8 November 1797 19 Thursday9 November 1797 20 Friday10 November 1797 décade 6 21 Saturday11 November 1797 22 Sunday12 November 1797 23 Monday13 November 1797 24 Tuesday14 November 1797 25 Wednesday15 November 1797 26 Thursday16 November 1797 27 Friday17 November 1797 28 Saturday18 November 1797 29 Sunday19 November 1797 30 Monday20 November 1797 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
7 Brumaire VII   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Monday22 October 1798 2 Tuesday23 October 1798 3 Wednesday24 October 1798 4 Thursday25 October 1798 5 Friday26 October 1798 6 Saturday27 October 1798 7 Sunday28 October 1798 8 Monday29 October 1798 9 Tuesday30 October 1798 10 Wednesday31 October 1798 décade 5 11 Thursday1 November 1798 12 Friday2 November 1798 13 Saturday3 November 1798 14 Sunday4 November 1798 15 Monday5 November 1798 16 Tuesday6 November 1798 17 Wednesday7 November 1798 18 Thursday8 November 1798 19 Friday9 November 1798 20 Saturday10 November 1798 décade 6 21 Sunday11 November 1798 22 Monday12 November 1798 23 Tuesday13 November 1798 24 Wednesday14 November 1798 25 Thursday15 November 1798 26 Friday16 November 1798 27 Saturday17 November 1798 28 Sunday18 November 1798 29 Monday19 November 1798 30 Tuesday20 November 1798 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
8 Brumaire VIII   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Wednesday23 October 1799 2 Thursday24 October 1799 3 Friday25 October 1799 4 Saturday26 October 1799 5 Sunday27 October 1799 6 Monday28 October 1799 7 Tuesday29 October 1799 8 Wednesday30 October 1799 9 Thursday31 October 1799 10 Friday1 November 1799 décade 5 11 Saturday2 November 1799 12 Sunday3 November 1799 13 Monday4 November 1799 14 Tuesday5 November 1799 15 Wednesday6 November 1799 16 Thursday7 November 1799 17 Friday8 November 1799 18 Saturday9 November 1799 19 Sunday10 November 1799 20 Monday11 November 1799 décade 6 21 Tuesday12 November 1799 22 Wednesday13 November 1799 23 Thursday14 November 1799 24 Friday15 November 1799 25 Saturday16 November 1799 26 Sunday17 November 1799 27 Monday18 November 1799 28 Tuesday19 November 1799 29 Wednesday20 November 1799 30 Thursday21 November 1799 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
9 Brumaire IX   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Thursday23 October 1800 2 Friday24 October 1800 3 Saturday25 October 1800 4 Sunday26 October 1800 5 Monday27 October 1800 6 Tuesday28 October 1800 7 Wednesday29 October 1800 8 Thursday30 October 1800 9 Friday31 October 1800 10 Saturday1 November 1800 décade 5 11 Sunday2 November 1800 12 Monday3 November 1800 13 Tuesday4 November 1800 14 Wednesday5 November 1800 15 Thursday6 November 1800 16 Friday7 November 1800 17 Saturday8 November 1800 18 Sunday9 November 1800 19 Monday10 November 1800 20 Tuesday11 November 1800 décade 6 21 Wednesday12 November 1800 22 Thursday13 November 1800 23 Friday14 November 1800 24 Saturday15 November 1800 25 Sunday16 November 1800 26 Monday17 November 1800 27 Tuesday18 November 1800 28 Wednesday19 November 1800 29 Thursday20 November 1800 30 Friday21 November 1800 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
10 Brumaire X   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Friday23 October 1801 2 Saturday24 October 1801 3 Sunday25 October 1801 4 Monday26 October 1801 5 Tuesday27 October 1801 6 Wednesday28 October 1801 7 Thursday29 October 1801 8 Friday30 October 1801 9 Saturday31 October 1801 10 Sunday1 November 1801 décade 5 11 Monday2 November 1801 12 Tuesday3 November 1801 13 Wednesday4 November 1801 14 Thursday5 November 1801 15 Friday6 November 1801 16 Saturday7 November 1801 17 Sunday8 November 1801 18 Monday9 November 1801 19 Tuesday10 November 1801 20 Wednesday11 November 1801 décade 6 21 Thursday12 November 1801 22 Friday13 November 1801 23 Saturday14 November 1801 24 Sunday15 November 1801 25 Monday16 November 1801 26 Tuesday17 November 1801 27 Wednesday18 November 1801 28 Thursday19 November 1801 29 Friday20 November 1801 30 Saturday21 November 1801 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
11 Brumaire XI   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Saturday23 October 1802 2 Sunday24 October 1802 3 Monday25 October 1802 4 Tuesday26 October 1802 5 Wednesday27 October 1802 6 Thursday28 October 1802 7 Friday29 October 1802 8 Saturday30 October 1802 9 Sunday31 October 1802 10 Monday1 November 1802 décade 5 11 Tuesday2 November 1802 12 Wednesday3 November 1802 13 Thursday4 November 1802 14 Friday5 November 1802 15 Saturday6 November 1802 16 Sunday7 November 1802 17 Monday8 November 1802 18 Tuesday9 November 1802 19 Wednesday10 November 1802 20 Thursday11 November 1802 décade 6 21 Friday12 November 1802 22 Saturday13 November 1802 23 Sunday14 November 1802 24 Monday15 November 1802 25 Tuesday16 November 1802 26 Wednesday17 November 1802 27 Thursday18 November 1802 28 Friday19 November 1802 29 Saturday20 November 1802 30 Sunday21 November 1802 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
12 Brumaire XII   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Monday24 October 1803 2 Tuesday25 October 1803 3 Wednesday26 October 1803 4 Thursday27 October 1803 5 Friday28 October 1803 6 Saturday29 October 1803 7 Sunday30 October 1803 8 Monday31 October 1803 9 Tuesday1 November 1803 10 Wednesday2 November 1803 décade 5 11 Thursday3 November 1803 12 Friday4 November 1803 13 Saturday5 November 1803 14 Sunday6 November 1803 15 Monday7 November 1803 16 Tuesday8 November 1803 17 Wednesday9 November 1803 18 Thursday10 November 1803 19 Friday11 November 1803 20 Saturday12 November 1803 décade 6 21 Sunday13 November 1803 22 Monday14 November 1803 23 Tuesday15 November 1803 24 Wednesday16 November 1803 25 Thursday17 November 1803 26 Friday18 November 1803 27 Saturday19 November 1803 28 Sunday20 November 1803 29 Monday21 November 1803 30 Tuesday22 November 1803 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
13 Brumaire XIII   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Tuesday23 October 1804 2 Wednesday24 October 1804 3 Thursday25 October 1804 4 Friday26 October 1804 5 Saturday27 October 1804 6 Sunday28 October 1804 7 Monday29 October 1804 8 Tuesday30 October 1804 9 Wednesday31 October 1804 10 Thursday1 November 1804 décade 5 11 Friday2 November 1804 12 Saturday3 November 1804 13 Sunday4 November 1804 14 Monday5 November 1804 15 Tuesday6 November 1804 16 Wednesday7 November 1804 17 Thursday8 November 1804 18 Friday9 November 1804 19 Saturday10 November 1804 20 Sunday11 November 1804 décade 6 21 Monday12 November 1804 22 Tuesday13 November 1804 23 Wednesday14 November 1804 24 Thursday15 November 1804 25 Friday16 November 1804 26 Saturday17 November 1804 27 Sunday18 November 1804 28 Monday19 November 1804 29 Tuesday20 November 1804 30 Wednesday21 November 1804 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich
14 Brumaire XIV   Primidi Duodi Tridi Quartidi Quintidi Sextidi Septidi Octidi Nonidi Décadi décade 4 1 Wednesday23 October 1805 2 Thursday24 October 1805 3 Friday25 October 1805 4 Saturday26 October 1805 5 Sunday27 October 1805 6 Monday28 October 1805 7 Tuesday29 October 1805 8 Wednesday30 October 1805 9 Thursday31 October 1805 10 Friday1 November 1805 décade 5 11 Saturday2 November 1805 12 Sunday3 November 1805 13 Monday4 November 1805 14 Tuesday5 November 1805 15 Wednesday6 November 1805 16 Thursday7 November 1805 17 Friday8 November 1805 18 Saturday9 November 1805 19 Sunday10 November 1805 20 Monday11 November 1805 décade 6 21 Tuesday12 November 1805 22 Wednesday13 November 1805 23 Thursday14 November 1805 24 Friday15 November 1805 25 Saturday16 November 1805 26 Sunday17 November 1805 27 Monday18 November 1805 28 Tuesday19 November 1805 29 Wednesday20 November 1805 30 Thursday21 November 1805 10 h Paris 7:79:98 Brumaire
18:43:11
24 h
Greenwich

Day name tableEdit

Like all FRC months Brumaire lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Pomme (Apple) 11. Salsifis (Salsify) 21. Bacchante (Wild Ginger)
Duodi 2. Céleri (Celery) 12. Macre (Water Chestnut) 22. Azerole (Crete Hawthorn)
Tridi 3. Poire (Pear) 13. Topinambour (Jerusalem Artichoke) 23. Garence (Madder)
Quartidi 4. Betterave (Beet Root) 14. Endive (Endive) 24. Orange (Orange)
Quintidi 5. Oye (Goose) 15. Dindon (Turkey) 25. Faisan (Pheasant)
Sextidi 6. Héliotrope (European Turnsole) 16. Chervi (Skirret) 26. Pistache (Pistachio)
Septidi 7. Figue (Fig) 17. Cresson (Watercress) 27. Macjonc (Sweetpea)
Octidi 8. Scorsonère (Black Salsify) 18. Dentelaire (Leadwort) 28. Coing (Quince)
Nonidi 9. Alisier (Chequer Tree) 19. Grenade (Pomegranate) 29. Cormier (Service Tree)
Decadi 10. Charrue (Plough) 20. Herse (Harrow) 30. Rouleau (Roller)

Conversion tableEdit

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Brumaire"
I II III V VI VII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
October 1792 1793 1794 1796 1797 1798 November
IV VIII IX X XI XIII XIV
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
October 1795 1799 1800 1801 1802 1804 1805 November
XII
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
October 1803 November

External linksEdit

  • Autumn Quarter of Year II (facsimile)