Brunswick, Maryland

Summary

Brunswick, Maryland
City of Brunswick
The historic commercial district along Potomac Street in Brunswick
The historic commercial district along Potomac Street in Brunswick
Official seal of Brunswick, Maryland
Seal
Motto(s): 
Big Town. Small City.
Location of Brunswick, Maryland
Location of Brunswick, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667Coordinates: 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667
Country United States
State Maryland
County Frederick
Government
 • MayorJeff Snoots
Area
 • Total3.70 sq mi (9.59 km2)
 • Land3.27 sq mi (8.46 km2)
 • Water0.44 sq mi (1.13 km2)
Elevation
295 ft (90 m)
Population
 • Total5,870
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
6,364
 • Density1,919.14/sq mi (741.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21716
Area code(s)301, 240
FIPS code24-10900
GNIS feature ID0595202
Websitebrunswickmd.gov

Brunswick is a city in southwestern Frederick County, Maryland, United States. The city is located on the north bank of the Potomac River; Loudoun County, Virginia occupies the opposite shore. The population of Brunswick was 5,870 at the 2010 census. There are three schools serving Brunswick: Brunswick Elementary School, Brunswick Middle School, And Brunswick High School.

History

The area now known as Brunswick was originally home to the Susquehanna Indians. In 1728 the first settlement was built, and the region became known as Eel Town, because the natives would fish for eel in the Potomac River. A grant to the land was then given to John Hawkins by George II of Great Britain on August 10, 1753. The grant had the name "Hawkins Merry-Peep-o-Day".[4]

The land was sold and Leonard Smith platted it in 1787 with the name of “Berlin,” as many Germans settled in the area. The name “Berlin,” however, could not be used for mail as there was already a Berlin on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, so the post office changed the name to "Barry." The town continued to grow and was incorporated April 18, 1890 with the name “Brunswick.”[citation needed]

Established along the now-defunct Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the city became a hub for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which built a six-mile-long rail yard along the Potomac from 1891 to 1912, boosting the population to over 5,000, and making Brunswick virtually a company town.[citation needed] The railroad reduced its yard operations in the 1950s.

During Patsy Cline's early career, she performed at the moose lodge in Brunswick where she met her first husband, Gerald Cline.[5]

Today Brunswick is home to a commuter rail station serving Washington, D.C.. It is home of the Brunswick Heritage Museum which interprets the history of the city and is home of a large model railroad showing why the city's location was important to the railroad.

Tourism

The historic Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station (1891), one of the city's landmarks.

The largest citywide event is "Railroad Days" on the first weekend in October, a festival celebrating the city's heritage. Another major annual event is the Veterans Day Parade, which has taken place each year since 1932. Other events year round include the Wine and Chocolate Walk in September, Farmers' Market, Arts In The Parks, Little League opening day, and other city and museum events.

The city markets its historic downtown and its access to recreational activities on the C&O Canal and Potomac River. The city's history is preserved in the Brunswick Heritage Museum (formerly the Brunswick Railroad Museum), established in 1974. The historic commercial district of the city along Potomac Street features a bike shop, antique stores, restaurants, a brewpub, a yoga studio, a martial arts studio, a convenience store, and a sporting goods store. There are live music performances many nights of the week at Beans in the Belfry, a café located in the restored former First Evangelical and Reformed Church (built in 1910).

Notable People

Andrew Duck - Army Officer And Politician

Michael Hough - Maryland State Senator

Galen R. Clagett - Maryland Politician

Brendan Lukens and Jake Ewald - members of Modern Baseball

Geography

Brunswick is at 39°18′50″N 77°37′36″W / 39.31389°N 77.62667°W / 39.31389; -77.62667 (39.313908, -77.626732).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.71 square miles (9.61 km2), of which 3.27 square miles (8.47 km2) is land and 0.44 square miles (1.14 km2) is water.[7]

Northbound MD 17 approaching its junction with MD 464 and MD 79

Business

Because of the population of Brunswick increasing, many business are being built in Brunswick. Located in Brunswick are a Dollar Tree, Walgreens, Weis Markets, McDonalds, 4 pizza places, a brewing station, and many small businesses with a Holiday Inn Express currently being built.[8]

Transportation

Highway

The primary method of travel to and from Brunswick is by road. Several state highways serve the city, with the most prominent of these being Maryland Route 17. MD 17 heads south across the Potomac River into Virginia, where it becomes Virginia State Route 287. Just north of Brunswick, MD 17 has junctions with Maryland Route 464, Maryland Route 79, Maryland Route 180, Maryland Route 871 and U.S. Route 340, which provides access to numerous locations across Frederick County. Aside from MD 17, portions of MD 180, MD 464 and Maryland Route 478 also traverse the city.

Railroad

MARC operates commuter trains from Martinsburg, WVA, through and stopping at Brunswick then south to Union Station, Washington, D.C.[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19002,471
19103,72150.6%
19203,9054.9%
19303,671−6.0%
19403,8565.0%
19503,752−2.7%
19603,555−5.3%
19703,5660.3%
19804,57228.2%
19905,11711.9%
20004,894−4.4%
20105,87019.9%
Est. 20186,364[3]8.4%
Decennial US Census

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,870 people, 2,155 households, and 1,515 families living in the city. The population density was 1,795.1 inhabitants per square mile (693.1/km2). There were 2,330 housing units at an average density of 712.5 per square mile (275.1/km2). The racial makeup was 86.3% White, 7.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.

There were 2,155 households, of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.7% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 9.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 4,894 people, 1,866 households, and 1,306 families living in the city. The population density was 2,324.3 people per square mile (895.5/km2). There were 1,957 housing units at an average density of 929.4 per square mile (358.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.09% White, 5.31% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 1,866 households, out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,513, and the median income for a family was $53,232. Males had a median income of $36,304 versus $25,017 for females. The per capita income was $20,685. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

Climate data

Climate data for Brunswick, Maryland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
81
(27)
89
(32)
94
(34)
98
(37)
107
(42)
109
(43)
108
(42)
108
(42)
98
(37)
86
(30)
79
(26)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
53
(12)
64
(18)
73
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
86
(30)
78
(26)
67
(19)
56
(13)
45
(7)
65
(18)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
63
(17)
62
(17)
54
(12)
42
(6)
33
(1)
25
(−4)
42
(5)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−8
(−22)
7
(−14)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
41
(5)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
8
(−13)
−5
(−21)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.29
(84)
2.47
(63)
3.64
(92)
3.48
(88)
4.45
(113)
4.21
(107)
3.68
(93)
3.82
(97)
4.16
(106)
3.38
(86)
3.52
(89)
3.11
(79)
43.21
(1,097)
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

References

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Hahn, Thomas F. Swiftwater (1993). Towpath Guide to the C&O Canal: Georgetown Tidelock to Cumberland, Revised Combined Edition. Shepherdstown, WV: American Canal and Transportation Center. ISBN 0-933788-66-5. P.91
  5. ^ "Cline, Patsy (1932–1963) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2019-12-16.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  8. ^ admin. "Construction of long-awaited Holiday Inn Express in Brunswick, Maryland slated to start soon". Hotel-Online. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  9. ^ MARC schedule
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Average Weather for Brunswick, MD - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved July 15, 2013.

External links

  • Official website
  • Brunswick, Maryland at Curlie