Buckingham Palace Road

Summary

Buckingham Palace Road is a street that runs through Victoria, London, from the south side of Buckingham Palace towards Chelsea, forming the A3214 road. It is dominated by Victoria Station.

Buckingham Palace Road
A3214
Buckingham Palace Road, 15 July 2019.jpg
Buckingham Palace Road, opposite Victoria Station, 2019
Former name(s) Chelsea Road (18th century)
Location London, England
Postal code SW1
Nearest train station National Rail London Underground Victoria
Northeast end Birdcage Walk
Southwest end Ebury Bridge Road

HistoryEdit

In the 18th century, the road was known as Chelsea Road and was often frequented by highwaymen. A reward of £10 was offered in 1752 for the capture of one of the worst offenders. Towards the southern end, Victoria Station was opened in 1866 and the adjacent Victoria Coach Station was built in 1932 in the Art Deco style.[1]

In 1938, the Empire Terminal of Imperial Airways opened opposite the coach station, designed by Albert Lakeman, also in the Art Deco style. It allowed passengers to check-in before boarding special trains from Victoria Station to Croydon Airport or Southampton Docks for the flying boat service. The terminal continued in service until the end of the 1970s, by which time there were dedicated rail or bus connections to Gatwick and Heathrow Airports. It is now the headquarters of the National Audit Office.[2]

LandmarksEdit

Royal Mews, Queen's GalleryEdit

 
Entrance to the Royal Mews

The entrances to the Royal Mews and Queen's Gallery are in Buckingham Palace Road.

Scouts and Girl GuidesEdit

 
Girlguiding, 17–19 Buckingham Palace Road

In June 1917, the Imperial Headquarters of the Boy Scouts' Association (since 1967, The Scout Association) moved to 25 Buckingham Palace Road from its previous office at 116 Victoria Street.[3] It was in that building that the Boy Scouts' International Bureau (now the World Scout Bureau) was inaugurated in 1920.[4] The UK Scout Headquarters remained at that address until December 1974, when it moved to Baden-Powell House.[5]

The Girl Guides Association (now Girlguiding) rented offices within Scout Headquarters until 1929, when there was no longer storage space for the Association's records. Following a national fundraising campaign called "Save Our Stuff", the Guides were able to move into their own purpose-built headquarters at 17–19 Buckingham Palace Road, which they still occupy today.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (2008). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-4050-4925-2.
  2. ^ Wright, Daniel (8 January 2014). "An Airline Terminal in the City Centre (Empire Air Terminal, London, UK)". The Beauty of Transport. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
  3. ^ Moynihan, Paul (ed.) (2006). An Official History of Scouting. Hamlyn, p. 171. ISBN 978-0-600-61398-5
  4. ^ Kroonenberg, Piet J. "Chapter 2: International Scouting: Refugees, Displaced Persons and Exile Scouting". The Undaunted (Integral Internet Edition, November 2011 ed.). ISBN 9780974647906. (p. 20)
  5. ^ Moynihan 2006, p. 182.
  6. ^ Smith, Leslie. "Leslie's Guiding History Site - Timeline". lesliesguidinghistory.webs.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2016.

Coordinates: 51°29′42″N 0°08′45″W / 51.4950°N 0.1459°W / 51.4950; -0.1459