Butochiyn Tsog

Summary

Butochiyn Tsog
Native name
Бутачийн Цог
Born(1912-05-25)25 May 1912
Sergelen, Töv
Died10 August 1989(1989-08-10) (aged 77)
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Allegiance Soviet Union
 Mongolian People's Republic
Service/branchCoat of arms of the People's republic of Mongolia.svg Mongolian People's Army
Years of service1936 - 1985
RankColonel General
Spouse(s)Natalya Barsukova
Children2

Butochiyn Tsog (Mongolian: Бутачийн Цог) was a Mongolian politician and military leader in the Mongolian People's Republic from the 1950s up until 1985. He is credited with building Mongolian military strength in the 60s and 70s.[1]

Biography

He was born 25 May 1912 in Mongolia. At the age of 10, he was a student at Manjushri Monastery. From 1929, he worked as a raw material manager, head of a cooperative and head of a department in the State Cooperative and “Mongol Teeh”.[2] In 1937, he graduated from the Sumy Artillery School in Ukraine. He headed the Artillery Division of the Mongolian military. During Battles of Khalkhin Gol, he fought with famous Soviet military leaders such as Georgy Zhukov and Nikolai Voronov. In 1945, he participated in the East Prussian offensive. During these operations, he led a Red Army tank brigade.[3]

After the end of World War II, he continued his service in the Mongolian People's Army. He graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 1956, becoming the first Mongolian graduate of the academy.[3] He contributed to the establishment of a civil aviation industry separate from the Mongolian Air Force. He has held senior positions in the Mongolian Army, such as Chief of Staff (1965-1970),[4] Deputy Minister of Defense, and First Deputy Minister of Defense.[5][4] In these roles, he commanded the annual Naadam parade on Sükhbaatar Square and received it once in 1980 after Jarantyn Avkhia came down with an illness.[3] In 1985, he retired and went to Moscow with his wife. In August 1989, Tsog arrived in the Mongolian capital to celebrate the golden jubilee (50th anniversary) of Khalkin Gol, where he died on the 10th of that month.

Legacy

On July 8, 2012, by the resolution of the Presidium of the Aimag Citizens' Representative Khural, a monument to Tsog exists in Zuunmod in the Töv Province.[2] The 016th Mechanised Brigade based at Sergelen near Ulaanbaatar is named after him.[6]

Personal life

He was married to Natalya Barsukova, an ethnic Russian. He had 2 children, Gennady and Svetlana, and 5 grandchildren Kocsis, Balazs, Hervert, Tsog and Beata. His son Gennady (1939-2012) was a major general living in Hungary. The father and son were only one of two cases in which a general's son later became a general.[7][8]

Awards

Mongolia

USSR

References

  1. ^ "Захчин аав, хүү хоёр Генерал". sonin.mn (in Mongolian). Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  2. ^ a b "Төв аймгийн Зуунмод хотод байрлах хөшөө дурсгалууд". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  3. ^ a b c "Монголын армийг шинэ цагийн хүчирхэг зэвсэгт хүчин болгосон генерал". Эх түүхээ сурталчилна. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  4. ^ a b "Монголын зэвсэгт хүчний хөгжлийн шинэ үе". eToim.mn. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  5. ^ "Deputy. Mongolian Defense Minister, Chief of the General Staff of the MNA".
  6. ^ Zindaa. "Монгол улс мотобуудлагын 016 дугаар бригадтай боллоо". news.zindaa.mn. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  7. ^ "Монгол Улс 181 генерал цолтонтой, 93 нь амьд сэрүүн байна". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  8. ^ Battsengel, Geleg. "Шүүхийн шийдвэр гүйцэтгэх ерөнхий газрын тэргүүн дэд дарга, хурандаа Д.Дамдинцэрэн Бригадын генерал цол хүртлээ | Хорихоос өөр төрлийн ял эдлүүлэх алба". Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Hero of Mongolia (13.03.1981g.). He was awarded the Order of Lenin, five Orders of Sukhbaatar, two Orders of the Red Banner of the Mongolian, the Order of Military Glory, three Orders of the "North Star". In 1985. awarded the Order of "Patriotic War" of the 1st degree. In order books reads: "For courage, fortitude and courage and to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from March 11, 1985. Order number 534323. He was awarded many Mongolian and Soviet medals, as well as some of the orders and medals of the socialist countries".
  10. ^ зөгий.мн. "Монгол улсын баатрууд он дарааллаар". zogii.mn (in Mongolian). Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  11. ^ "Сүхбаатарын одон". MAN.MN. Retrieved 2021-06-21.