CBBC (TV channel)

Summary

CBBC
CBBC 2016 logo.svg
CountryUnited Kingdom
Broadcast areaUnited Kingdom
Ireland
Switzerland
NetworkBBC One (until 2012)
BBC Two (until 2013, and then later revived in 2017)
HeadquartersBBC Television Centre, White City, London, UK (2002-2011) CBBC Studios, MediaCityUK, Salford, England, UK (2011-present)
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerBBC
Sister channelsBBC One
BBC Two
BBC Three
BBC Four
BBC News
BBC Parliament
CBeebies
BBC Scotland
BBC Alba
BBC HD
History
Launched9 September 1985; 36 years ago (1985-09-09) (block) 11 February 2002; 19 years ago (2002-02-11) (Channel)
Links
WebsiteCBBC (UK only)
Availability
Terrestrial
FreeviewChannel 201 (SD)
Channel 204 (HD)
Cable
Virgin Media (UK and Ireland)Channel 701 (HD; UK)
Channel 608 (SD; Ireland)
UPC SwitzerlandChannel 203 (HD)
Satellite
FreesatChannel 600 (SD/HD)
Channel 607 (SD)
Sky (UK and Ireland)Channel 607 (SD/HD)
Channel 643 (SD)
IPTV
Eir TV (Ireland)Channel 613 (SD)
Channel 633 (HD)
Vodafone TV (Ireland)Channel 610 (HD)
Streaming media
BBC iPlayerWatch live (UK only)
Virgin TV AnywhereWatch live (Ireland only)
UPC TVWatch live (Switzerland only)

CBBC (short for Children's BBC, also known as the CBBC Channel) is a British free-to-air children's television channel owned and operated by the BBC and the brand used for all BBC content for children and teenagers aged 6 to 17.[1][2]

History

CBBC was first launched in September 1985 in the UK by the BBC.

Launched on 11 February 2002 alongside its sister channel, CBeebies, which serves the under eight audience, the name was previously used to brand all BBC Children's content. CBBC broadcasts for twelve hours per-day from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm. CBBC was named Channel of the Year at the Children's BAFTA awards in November 2008 and 2012 and 2015. The channel averages 300,000 viewers daily.[3]

The channel originally shared bandwidth on the digital terrestrial television platform with BBC Choice,[4] and later BBC Three, needing that CBBC sign off at 7:00 p.m. daily. Beginning on 11 April 2016, following the closure of the linear BBC Three television service, CBBC decided on extending its broadcast day by two hours.[5][6] On 22 August 2008, it was announced that the channel would be available live on its website from 16 September.[7] CBBC's reach further expanded with the addition of the channel on the Sky line-up in Ireland on 12 May 2011.[8] The British Forces Broadcasting Service have provided younger viewers with CBBC and CBeebies since 1 April 2013 when they replaced BFBS Kids.

On 2 March 2021, it was announced that the channel's broadcast hours would be reduced by two hours, closing at 7 p.m. (just like CBeebies) as was the case pre-2016. The move is to make way for the return of BBC Three to linear broadcast television from 1 February 2022.[9] The channel returned to its pre-2016 hours on 5 January 2022.

Management

Along with CBeebies, CBBC is operated by the BBC Children's and Education department. BBC Children's was originally based in the East Tower of BBC Television Centre since the department's inception, but moved to MediaCityUK in Salford in September 2011, and the live presentation links used throughout the day are now recorded and broadcast from there.

Programming

The remit of CBBC is to provide a wide range of high quality, distinctive content for 6–17 year olds, including drama, entertainment, comedy, animation, news and factual. The great majority of this content should be produced in the UK. CBBC should provide a stimulating, creative and enjoyable environment that is also safe and trusted. The service should have a particular focus on informal learning, with an emphasis on encouraging participation.

— 2016 CBBC Remit[1]

CBBC's programming output is very similar to the strand previously shown on BBC One. CBBC often complements this strand with programmes shown earlier than on the terrestrial channels, repeats or whole series shown in a day,[citation needed] alongside other exclusive commissions.

Most viewed programmes

The following is a list of the ten most watched shows on CBBC, based on Live +7 data supplied by BARB.[10]

Rank Series Episode Date Viewers
1 The Sarah Jane Adventures "The Wedding of Sarah Jane Smith (Part 2)" 3 October 2009 1,090,000
2 The Sarah Jane Adventures "Lost in Time (Part 1)" 8 November 2010 1,000,000
3 The Sarah Jane Adventures "Death of the Doctor (Part 2)" 26 October 2010 960,000
4 The Sarah Jane Adventures "Death of the Doctor (Part 1)" 25 October 2010 920,000
5 My Mum Tracy Beaker "The Person I Most Admire" 12 February 2021 883,000
6 Tracy Beaker Returns "Shadows" 13 January 2012 875,000
7 Tracy Beaker Returns "Slow Burn" 6 January 2012 856,000
Tracy Beaker Returns "Big Brother" 20 January 2012 856,000
9 My Sarah Jane "A Tribute to Elisabeth Sladen" 23 April 2011 830,000
10 Tracy Beaker Returns "Full Circle" 8 January 2010 826,000

Class TV

As part of CBBC's original remit, CBBC needed to show over 1,000 hours a year of factual and schools programmes.[11] The service managed this by introducing the Class TV strand to CBBC, which would air educational programming for approximately two hours each day in the late morning, with normal programming resuming in the early afternoon. Much of this programming was old BBC Schools programming shown, in some cases, decades before and which was for the most part still relevant. Very little new schools programmes were commissioned. Class TV ended in March 2008, following a change to CBBC's remit. However, in December 2019, CBBC brought back Class TV with 'Live Lessons' presented by the CBBC presenting team on late weekday mornings.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom and the closure of schools around the country during the first & third national lockdowns, CBBC broadcast shows from the BBC Bitesize service for primary-school-aged children. These shows featured a mix of archive, live and newly filmed content. Many CBBC TV shows played regular repeats from old episodes, however, the children's magazine TV show Blue Peter still aired on Thursdays. Changes were made to the show due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Live episodes ceased temporarily and changed presenters, with Adam Beales taking on the duty. This was to attract more children to the show and the network.[12]

Presentation

CBBC has had a relatively similar presentation to that of its strand counterpart. The logo has consistently remained the same until 2016 as the service; green coloured blobs at the beginning of its life and the green and white logo from September 2007 until now. The logo today is all different colours unlike the last one. CBBC has mainly utilised presenters from the main service, with a few presenters appearing mostly on the new channel; Gemma Hunt and Anne Foy being notable examples and appearing consistently until August 2007. At the beginning of September 2007, along with the relaunch, the same presenters of CBBC would also feature on CBBC on BBC One and Two.

When CBBC launched, presentation was located in TC2 at BBC Television Centre, where the channel shared studio facilities with CBBC's original magazine show Xchange. This changed in Autumn 2004, when CBBC moved to TC9 following the normal CBBC links move to TC10; however, this was changed in March 2006 so that all CBBC and CBBC channel links were located in TC9. A further change was to take place in December 2006 when all output moved to a Chroma key set within TC12, and was presented by only one presenter. This short live decision lasted until the relaunch in 2007, which involved a new 'office' set being constructed, initially in TC12 and then in a new studio facility in the East Tower of Television Centre.

In 2011, CBBC moved to MediaCityUK, and has been presented from there since September 2011. The Office has been through a number of revamps since then, two in 2015, the first one being a minor change because of the Go CBBC app, and another one in May which entirely changed some of the structure, adding a post chute and an Up Next screen, and one so far in 2016, due to CBBC's new look, gaining a smaller desk, an extra Up Next screen, and renaming it 'CBBC HQ'.

Other services

CBBC Extra

CBBC Extra is a free interactive television service from CBBC provided by the BBC Red Button. It is accessible from CBBC by pressing red and then selecting CBBC Extra from the main menu. It can also be accessed from any other BBC channel by pressing red and going to page number 570. The service differs across digital platforms, for example Sky viewers can access a video loop. After a brief stint with a temporary producer the channel really took off under producer and director Brendan Sheppard who spearheaded its success. After Sheppard had finished work on the BAFTA nominated Nelly Nut Live he was asked by CBBC controller Gary August to work on CBBC Extra and under Sheppard the show received a new brand look, idents, graphics and it introduced feature items such as Ask Aaron and a Halloween special with Basil Brush, there was a Doctor Who special with sequences featuring K9 that had to be cut at the last minute and a documentary series called Really Living It! Sheppard was then asked to direct DinoSapien in Canada and a new producer was installed with Sheppard later moving on to Doctor Who. Its availability on Freeview is dependent upon BBC Red Button not showing other interactive services, such as major sports events coverage.[13] The service offers numerous features including Newsround, horoscopes, Chris/Dodge's blog, viewer content and jokes and other interactive elements.

As of May 2016, CBBC Extra is now closed.[14]

CBBC Online

The CBBC website provides a wide range of activities for viewers aged 6–15, such as games, videos, puzzles, printable pages, pre-moderated message boards and frequently updated news feeds. It contains pages for the majority of its current programming with various content on each. There are also micro-sites from Newsround and MOTD Kickabout, providing children with news and sport, as well as the CBBC on BBC iPlayer to replay CBBC programmes for up to thirty days.

CBBC HD

In July 2013, BBC announced that CBBC HD would be launched by early 2014.[15] The channel launched on 10 December 2013.[16] CBBC HD broadcasts on the BBC's existing HD multiplex on Freeview and shares its stream with BBC Three HD as they air at different times.

Before launch, the majority of CBBC HD output was broadcast on BBC HD before its closure in March 2013. CBBC HD was added to the Sky EPG in Ireland in 2017.

From July to August 2014, CBBC HD was temporarily removed from Freeview during the 2014 Commonwealth Games to let BBC Three and BBC Three HD broadcast 24 hours a day, similar to how BBC Parliament was removed during the 2008 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Olympics.

From March to April 2018, CBBC HD used downtime mode to let BBC Red Button HD broadcast 9 pm to 5:30 am on Sky and Freeview. After the close, CBBC HD began to use 24 hours again.

Since the launch of BBC Scotland, CBBC HD began finishing at 19:00 in Scotland on Freeview, due to the channel timesharing with BBC Scotland HD, which starts at 19:00, however, CBBC SD continued to finish at 21:00 in Scotland until hours were cut nationwide in January 2022.

CBBC Alba

In September 2018 as part of a branding strategy, the unbranded 2-hour children's block on BBC Alba was split into CBeebies Alba and CBBC Alba, with the former airing during the first hour and the latter airing during the second hour. This block features its own presentation, presenters and shows all dubbed into Scottish Gaelic.

Previously, a similar block called Children's BBC Scotland was aired in the Scottish school holidays throughout the 1990s. The block consisted of repeats and local programming as well as regional versions of the summer holiday mid-morning slot and the Children's BBC Breakfast Show.[17]

International versions

Australia

On 15 March 2021, it was announced by Australian provider Fetch TV that they would launch a channel called "BBC Kids"[18] (unrelated to a Canadian BBC-branded channel of the same name) on 24 April 2021 to replace Cartoon Network and Boomerang. It is essentially a version of CBBC for the country, as it's aimed at the same target audience as CBBC and airs children's programmes from the BBC Studios catalogue.

United States

On 11 January 2022, an American version of BBC Kids launched as a FAST channel on Pluto TV. This version, as is the Australian version, airs children's programming from the BBC Studios catalog, and also airs pre-school content from CBeebies as well. A version of the channel that airs Spanish-dubbed programming titled "Niños por BBC" was launched on the same day.[19]

Logo history

See also

  • BBC Children's and Education – BBC's children's division the holds CBBC.
  • CBeebies – BBC's children television channel; serves under-6-year-old children and is a sister channel of CBBC.
  • CBBC idents – identities used by the channel.

References

  1. ^ a b "2016 CBBC Service License" (PDF). BBC Trust. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  2. ^ "The BBC's services in the UK". BBC. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Bafta honour for Chuckle Brothers". BBC News. December 2008.
  4. ^ "New children's channels from BBC launch". Digital Spy. 9 September 2002. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  5. ^ "CBBC gets two extra hours on TV". BBC Newsround. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ "BBC Trust tells parents unhappy at CBBC's late finish: 'there is an off button'". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  7. ^ "BBC Four, CBBC and CBeebies to simulcast online". BBC Press Office. 22 August 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  8. ^ "Ireland: Extra BBC channels being added to Sky EPG". The Airwaves. 2 May 2011. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011.
  9. ^ "BBC Three will return to TV screens after six-year break". 2 March 2021.
  10. ^ BARB, via [1]
  11. ^ "CBBC Service License 2006" (PDF). BBC Trust. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  12. ^ "BBC to put lessons on TV during lockdown". BBC News. 5 January 2021.
  13. ^ "CBBC- CBBC extra". CBBC. 21 May 2007. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2007.
  14. ^ "CBBC Extra". BBC. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  15. ^ "BBC to launch five new HD channels". BBC News. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  16. ^ "BBC to launch five new subscription-free HD channels on Tuesday 10 December". BBC. 9 December 2013. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  17. ^ "CBBC Scotland ident - Mouse". YouTube.
  18. ^ Brzoznowski, Kristin (22 March 2021). "BBC Kids to Launch on Fetch in Australia". TVKIDS. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  19. ^ "BBC Studios Launches Two New FAST Channels for Kids in the U.S. BBC Kids and Niños por BBC Will Live on Pluto TV".

External links