|City of Cairns|
Location within Queensland
|• Density||92.3312/km2 (239.137/sq mi)|
|Area||1,691.4 km2 (653.1 sq mi)|
|Council seat||Cairns City|
|Region||Far North Queensland|
|Website||City of Cairns|
The City of Cairns was a local government area centred on the Far North Queensland city of Cairns. Established in 1885, for most of its existence it consisted of approximately 51.5 square kilometres (19.9 sq mi) around Cairns itself, with much of the metropolitan area being located in the Shire of Mulgrave. The Shire amalgamated into the City on 22 March 1995, as did small sections of neighbouring shires.
On 21 November 1991, the Electoral and Administrative Review Commission, created two years earlier, produced its second report, and recommended that local government boundaries in the Cairns area be rationalised, and that the Shire of Mulgrave be dissolved and amalgamated with the City of Cairns. The Shire at that stage had a population of 54,783 (1991) while the City had 49,361. Both authorities had chambers in the Cairns CBD. The old City Council chambers were located on Abbott Street, and have since been converted into a city library. The old Mulgrave Shire Chambers were located on Cairns Esplanade.
The Local Government (Cairns, Douglas, Mareeba and Mulgrave) Regulation 1994 was gazetted on 16 December 1994, additionally mandating that small sections of the Shire of Mareeba around Redlynch and Barron Gorge and Ellis Beach in the Shire of Douglas also be amalgamated. It further specified that the new Council would have an elected mayor and 12 councillors each representing one of 12 divisions.
On 22 March 1995, the new City came into existence, and Tom Pyne, previously the Chairman of the Mulgrave shire council, was elected as its first mayor. He retired in 2000, and Kevin Byrne of the Cairns Unity grouping served two full terms until the council's dissolution in 2008. In a controversial decision, new council chambers were constructed on previously industrial contaminated land in the mainly industrial suburb of Portsmith.
On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government (Reform Implementation) Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the City of Cairns merged with the Shire of Douglas to form the Cairns Region. Byrne was narrowly defeated by Val Schier of Cairns 1st for the mayoralty of the new Regional Council.
In 2012, a proposal was made to de-amalgamate the Shire of Douglas from the Cairns Region. On 6 December 2012, the Queensland Minister for Local Government, the Hon. David Crisafulli, granted the people of the former Douglas Shire a vote on possible de-amalgamation from the Cairns Regional Council, even though the Queensland Treasury Corporation had calculated the costs to be too high a burden on the few ratepayers of this small shire, and the shire to be unviable in the long term. Despite strong opposition from many parties, on 9 March 2013 the citizens of the former Douglas shire voted in a referendum to de-amalgamate. As of 1 January 2014 Douglas Shire is no longer part of the Cairns Regional Council.
Suburbs and localities
The City of Cairns included the following settlements:
|Year||Cairns (C)||Mulgrave (S)|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Cairns (C) (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Borough of Cairns: Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 30 May 1885. p. 36:1733.
- "Borough of Cairns: Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 5 December 1885. p. 37:2017.
- "Agency ID89, Cairns Municipal Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Agency ID90, Cairns Town Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Queensland Government Gazette, Vol. CXXI, 12 October 1923, p.1108.
- "Agency ID58, Cairns City Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- 'Land Row', The Cairns Post, p1. 19 July 2001.
- "Agency ID11039, Cairns Regional Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Local Government (Cairns, Douglas, Mareeba and Mulgrave) Regulation 1994
- Official website at the Wayback Machine (archived 18 February 2008)