Callirhoe (Oceanid)

Summary

In Greek mythology, Callirhoe (or Kallirhoe, Callirrhoe ) (Ancient Greek: Καλλιρό, Καλλιρρόη, or Καλλιρρόης means 'beautiful flow' or beautiful stream'[1]) was one of the Oceanids, daughters of Titans Oceanus and Tethys.[2][3]

Family

Callirhoe had consorted with Chrysaor, Neilus, Poseidon and Manes. By Chrysaor, she became the mother of the monsters Geryon[4] and Echidna[5] while Chione was her daughter by the river-god of Egypt, Neilus.[6] Meanwhile, to Poseidon, she borne Minyas, founder of Minyan Orchomenus[7] and Cotys, a king of Maeonia was her child by Manes.[8]

Mythology

Callirhoe was the naiad who became the companion of Persephone when the daughter of Demeter was abducted by the lord of the dead, Hades.[9] She was one of the three ancestors of the Tyrians, along with Abarbarea and Drosera.[10]

Legacy

Jupiter's moon Callirrhoe is named after her.

Notes

  1. ^ Bane, Theresa (2013). Encyclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 9780786471119.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 351. English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  3. ^ Kerényi, Carl (1951). The Gods of the Greeks. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 41.
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 287 & 981; Apollodorus, 2.5.10; Hyginus, Fabulae Preface & 151; Stesichorus, fr. 512-513 & 587
  5. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 270-300. Though Herbert Jennings Rose says simply that it is "not clear which parents are meant", Athanassakis, p. 44, says that Phorcys and Ceto are the "more likely candidates for parents of this hideous creature who proceeded to give birth to a series of monsters and scourges". The problem arises from the ambiguous referent of the pronoun "she" in line 295 of the Theogony. While some have read this "she" as referring to Callirhoe (e.g. Smith "Echidna"; Morford, p. 162), according to Clay, p. 159 n. 32, "the modern scholarly consensus" reads Ceto, see for example Gantz, p. 22; Caldwell, pp. 7, 46 295–303; Grimal, "Echidna" p. 143.
  6. ^ Servius Commentary on the Aeneid of Virgil, 4.250, ed. by Georgius Thilo
  7. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  8. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 1.27.1.
  9. ^ Homeric Hymn to Demeter 2.417
  10. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 40.535 ff

References

  • Aken, Dr. A.R.A. van. (1961). Elseviers Mythologische Encyclopedie. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Bartelink, Dr. G.J.M. (1988). Prisma van de mythologie. Utrecht: Het Spectrum.
  • Dionysus of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities. English translation by Earnest Cary in the Loeb Classical Library, 7 volumes. Harvard University Press, 1937-1950. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitatum Romanarum quae supersunt, Vol I-IV. . Karl Jacoby. In Aedibus B.G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1885. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Hesiod, Theogony from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Homeric Hymns. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Kerényi, Carl, The Gods of the Greeks, Thames and Hudson, London, 1951.
  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca translated by William Henry Denham Rouse (1863-1950), from the Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1940. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca. 3 Vols. W.H.D. Rouse. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1940-1942. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.