Canada Research Chair (CRC) is a title given to certain Canadian university research professors by the Canada Research Chairs Program.
The Canada Research Chair program was established in 2000 as a part of the Government of Canada wanting to promote research and development excellence in Canadian post-secondary educational institutions. Through the Canada Research Chair program, $300 million is spent annually to attract and retain outstanding scholars and scientists.
The program hopes to help chairholders achieve research excellence in natural sciences, engineering, health sciences, humanities, and social sciences, improve Canada's depth of knowledge and quality of life, strengthen the country's international competitiveness, and train personnel through student supervision, teaching, and the coordination of other researchers' work.
There are two types of Canada Research Chair:
The money received for each chair can be used to add to the chair's salary, to help pay for the chair's existing salary, or to fund research; the proportion allocated to each category varies by university.
The number of CRCs allocated to a university is proportional to the amount of research grant funding that university has received in the three years prior to the year of the allocation. Grant funding must originate from the three federal granting agencies (NSERC, CIHR, and SSHRC).
Of the total 2000 Chairs, 1880 are regular allocations, distributed as follows:
The program sets aside a special allocation of 120 Chairs for universities that have received one per cent or less of the total funding paid out by the three federal granting agencies over the preceding three years.
Roughly 66% of Chairs are allocated to member institutions of the U15, a group of the top research-intensive universities in Canada.
|Indicates membership in the U15|
|Institution||# of Chairholders|
|University of Toronto||238|
|University of British Columbia||167|
|Université de Montréal||98|
|University of Alberta||111|
|University of Calgary||77|
|University of Western Ontario||64|
|University of Manitoba||46|
|University of Ottawa||64|
|University of Saskatchewan||29|
|University of Waterloo||55|
|British Columbia Institute of Technology||3|
|Cape Breton University||2|
|Concordia University College of Alberta||1|
|École de technologie supérieure||7|
|Emily Carr University of Art and Design||3|
|Institut national de la recherche scientifique||1|
|Kwantlen Polytechnic University||1|
|Memorial University of Newfoundland||13|
|Mount Allison University||4|
|Mount Royal University||1|
|Mount Saint Vincent University||4|
|Nova Scotia College of Art and Design||2|
|Royal Military College of Canada||5|
|Royal Roads University||4|
|Saint Mary's University||7|
|Simon Fraser University||37|
|St. Francis Xavier University||5|
|St. Thomas University||4|
|The King's University College||1|
|Thompson Rivers University||4|
|Trinity Western University||3|
|Université de Moncton||5|
|Université de Saint-Boniface||1|
|Université de Sherbrooke||38|
|Université TÉLUQ (Télé-université, Université du Québec)||1|
|Université du Québec à Montréal||23|
|Université du Québec en Outaouais||1|
|University of Guelph||34|
|University of Lethbridge||9|
|University of New Brunswick||14|
|University of Northern British Columbia||8|
|University of Ontario Institute of Technology||5|
|University of Prince Edward Island||7|
|University of Regina||10|
|University of Victoria||41|
|University of Windsor||14|
|University of Winnipeg||6|
|Vancouver Island University||4|
|Wilfrid Laurier University||9|
The Canada Research Chairs Program maintains an online database of profiles of each chairholder, which include detailed descriptions of each of their research projects.
On March 27, 2008, the Government of Canada's Ministry of Industry, as well as the presidents of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research presented each chairholder with a Canada Research Chair insignia at a national celebration of the program held at the Université du Québec en Outaouais in Gatineau, Quebec. The lapel pin, made of sterling silver, symbolizes the pursuit of knowledge and research excellence and is available exclusively to chairholders. As of November 2007, there are 1,851 Canada Research Chairs. Seventy Canadian universities are participating in the program.